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date: 14 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter highlights key principles of developmental psychopathology (DP), the discipline that eschews static models, universal and unbending laws of development, and inflexible categorical diagnoses in favor of transactional pathways and integration of multiple levels of analysis to achieve maximal understanding of psychopathology. The chapter emphasizes the mutually informative nature of investigating normal and atypical development; importance of considering developmental continuities and discontinuities; inclusion of analysis levels spanning the spectrum from genes to community-level influences on atypical development; transactional models of influence, which subsume important constructs of equfinality and multifinality; and risk and protective factors and processes. The key conclusion is that unless DP principles, concepts, and models are incorporated explicitly into investigations of externalizing behavior, the field is likely to misunderstand the highly dynamic and developmental nature of externalizing disorders and thereby miss key opportunities for deep understanding, evidence-based prevention and treatment efforts, and stigma reduction.

Keywords: developmental psychopathology, development, externalizing spectrum disorders, externalizing behavior, stigma

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