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date: 14 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter focuses on the historical and current approaches adopted in the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) to six mental health conditions: attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, substance use disorder (alcoholism and drug addiction), antisocial personality disorder, and disruptive mood dysregulation disorder. The historical approaches are considered chronologically, from the first edition of the DSM (DSM-I) in 1952 to the fourth edition (and text revision; DSM-IV) in 2000. Developmental considerations, onset, and interrelations among disorders are then discussed. The chapter also examines controversies among the diagnostic categories across versions of the DSM before concluding with an assessment of several directions for future research.

Keywords: American Psychiatric Association, DSM, mental health conditions, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, substance use disorder, antisocial personality disorder, disruptive mood dysregulation disorder

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