- Oxford Library of Psychology
- The Oxford Handbook of Externalizing Spectrum Disorders
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editors
- Overview of DSM Disruptive Behavior Disorders
- Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Similarities to and Differences from Other Externalizing Disorders
- Substance Use Disorders as Externalizing Outcomes
- Self-Injury, Borderline Personality Development, and the Externalizing Spectrum
- The Externalizing Spectrum of Personality and Psychopathology: An Empirical and Quantitative Alternative to Discrete Disorder Approaches
- The Developmental Psychopathology Perspective on Externalizing Behavior Dimensions and Externalizing Disorders
- Behavioral Genetics of the Externalizing Spectrum
- Molecular Genetic Approaches to Studying the Externalizing Spectrum
- Molecular Genetics of the Externalizing Spectrum
- Temperament and Vulnerability to Externalizing Behavior
- Midbrain Neural Mechanisms of Trait Impulsivity
- Prefrontal and Anterior Cingulate Cortex Mechanisms of Impulsivity
- Neural Mechanisms of Low Trait Anxiety and Risk for Externalizing Behavior
- Sex Differences in the Prevalence and Expression of Externalizing Behavior
- Child Maltreatment and Vulnerability to Externalizing Spectrum Disorders
- Coercive Family Processes in the Development of Externalizing Behavior: Incorporating Neurobiology into Intervention Research
- Friendship and Adolescent Problem Behavior: Deviancy Training and Coercive Joining as Dynamic Mediators
- Neighborhood Risk and Development of Antisocial Behavior
- Incarceration and Development of Delinquency
- Externalizing Behaviors and Attribution Biases
- Callous-Unemotional Traits and the Development of Externalizing Spectrum Disorders
- Low Intelligence and Poor Executive Function as Vulnerabilities to Externalizing Behavior
- Head Injury and Externalizing Behavior
- Teratogen Exposure and Externalizing Behavior
- Externalizing and Internalizing Comorbidity
- Comorbidity Among Externalizing Disorders
- An Ontogenic Processes Model of Externalizing Psychopathology
Abstract and Keywords
Mental disorders involving antisocial behavior, disinhibition, and antagonism tend to occur in the same persons, along with related personality traits. These observations can be modeled by positing a coherent externalizing spectrum of personality and psychopathology. In this essay, the authors describe evidence for the externalizing spectrum, encompassing phenomena such as the continuity of externalizing tendencies, genetic coherence of the spectrum, and connections between the spectrum and the broader hierarchical structure of personality and psychopathology. They emphasize the importance of interweaving neuroscience and developmental perspectives with research on clinical externalizing phenomena. A developmentally informed perspective on the externalizing spectrum and its connections with neuroscience and clinical phenomena represents a promising approach for ongoing research, particularly research connected with the National Institute of Mental Health Research Domain Criteria initiative.
Robert F. Krueger, Ph.D., is Professor of Psychology at the University of Minnesota.
Jennifer L. Tackett, Ph.D., is Associate Professor of Psychology at the University of Houston.
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