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date: 14 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Temperamental traits are defined as early developing, biologically rooted behavioral and emotional tendencies that are stable across situations and time and play an important role in the etiology, manifestation, and maintenance of most common emotional and behavioral disorders. This chapter examines the role of individual differences in temperament as vulnerabilities to externalizing behavior problems in children, adolescents, and adults. First, different models of temperament and general pathways to psychopathology are described. Then, specific temperamental traits that are associated with externalizing problems and their likely underlying mechanisms are detailed. This chapter provides a critical view of the complexity of interactions and correlations among temperament, genetics, and environmental factors that may increase the risk for externalizing behaviors.

Keywords: temperament, negative affect, emotionality, effortful control, fearfulness, irritability, externalizing behavior

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