Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 14 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Temperamental traits are defined as early developing, biologically rooted behavioral and emotional tendencies that are stable across situations and time and play an important role in the etiology, manifestation, and maintenance of most common emotional and behavioral disorders. This chapter examines the role of individual differences in temperament as vulnerabilities to externalizing behavior problems in children, adolescents, and adults. First, different models of temperament and general pathways to psychopathology are described. Then, specific temperamental traits that are associated with externalizing problems and their likely underlying mechanisms are detailed. This chapter provides a critical view of the complexity of interactions and correlations among temperament, genetics, and environmental factors that may increase the risk for externalizing behaviors.

Keywords: temperament, negative affect, emotionality, effortful control, fearfulness, irritability, externalizing behavior

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.