- Oxford Library of Psychology
- The Oxford Handbook of Reading
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editors
- The Oxford Handbook of Reading: Setting the Stage
- Writing Systems: Their Properties and Implications for Reading
- Visual Word Recognition
- The Work of the Eyes During Reading
- Visual Word Recognition in the Bayesian Reader Framework
- Neighborhood Effects in Visual Word Recognition and Reading
- Cross-Linguistic Perspectives on Letter-Order Processing: Empirical Findings and Theoretical Considerations
- The Nature of Lexical Representation in Visual Word Recognition
- Are Polymorphemic Words Processed Differently From Other Words During Reading?
- Individual Differences Among Skilled Readers: The Role of Lexical Quality
- What Does Acquired Dyslexia Tell Us About Reading in the Mind and Brain?
- Literacy and Literacy Development in Bilinguals
- The Role of Sound in Silent Reading
- Reading Sentences: Syntactic Parsing and Semantic Interpretation
- Models of Discourse Comprehension
- The Role of Words in Chinese Reading
- How Is Information Integrated Across Fixations in Reading?
- Direct Lexical and Nonlexical Control of Fixation Duration in Reading
- E-Z Reader: An Overview of the Model and Two Recent Applications
- How Children Learn to Read Words
- Children’s Spelling Development: Theories and Evidence
- Learning to Read and Spell Words in Different Writing Systems
- Children’s Reading Comprehension and Comprehension Difficulties
- Development of Dyslexia
- How Learning to Read Influences Language and Cognition
- Young Children’s Home Literacy Experiences
- Primary Grade Reading Instruction in the United States
- African American English and Its Link to Reading Achievement
- Teachers’ Knowledge About Beginning Reading Development and Instruction
- Adolescent Literacy: Development and Instruction
- Name Index
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
The processing of letter order has profound implications for understanding how visually presented words are processed and how they are recognized, given the lexical architecture that characterizes a given language. Research conducted in different writing systems suggests that letter-position effects, such as transposed-letter priming, are not universal. The cognitive system may perform very different types of processing on a sequence of letters depending on factors that are unrelated to peripheral orthographic characteristics but related to the deep structural properties of the printed stimuli. Assuming that identical neurobiological constraints govern reading performance in any language, these findings suggest that neurobiological constraints interact with the idiosyncratic statistical properties of a given writing system to determine the preciseness or fuzziness of letter-position coding. This chapter reviews the evidence for this interaction and discusses the implications for theories of reading and for modeling visual word recognition.
Ram Frost, Department of Psychology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem; Haskins Laboratories, New Haven; The Basque Center for Cognition Brain and Language, San Sebastian.
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