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date: 03 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter explores how information about words is represented for the purposes of recognizing those words when reading. A description is first given of the various architectures that have been proposed to frame our understanding of lexical processing, with an emphasis on the way they portray lexical representation. The importance of morphological structure to the nature of lexical representation is highlighted, and attention is directed to specific models that attempt to capture that structure. The model that forms the major focus of the chapter, the AUSTRAL model, is one where identification of a letter string is based on information associated with an abstract level that mediates between form and function, namely, a lemma level. The incorporation of a lemma level into the lexical processing system provides a locus for morphological structure. It captures a level of lexical representation that not only underlies both visual and spoken word recognition but is also compatible with models of word production.

Keywords: hierarchical activation, lemmas, lexical representation, models of lexical processing, morphological processing, orthographic processing

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