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date: 03 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

In this chapter we discuss the movements of the eyes during reading: how they support and reveal the reading process. We start by describing basic facts about eye movements. We then describe some factors that account for variability in eye movement variables and then discuss some important methodological paradigms (namely gaze-contingent display change paradigms) that have contributed to our knowledge about eye movements and cognitive processing in reading. In particular, these paradigms have been used to study what types of information readers obtain from a word before they look directly at it. We review what we have learned from experiments using these paradigms. We also discuss the issue of eye movement control in reading (i.e., what determines where the eyes move and how long they linger on a particular word) and describe several studies demonstrating that eye movement control in reading is determined directly by ongoing cognitive process.

Keywords: eye movement control, fixation durations, reading, perceptual span, preview effects

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