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date: 03 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses whether sound is involved in the process of skilled (and apparently silent) reading of words and texts, and, if so, how. The term “phonological coding” encompasses a broad variety of phenomena, such as inner speech and subvocalization. In the research on single-word encoding, the focus has largely been on the level of phonemic coding, and the controversies have largely been about whether readers do this encoding with something like a rule-governed process or by learning correlations between visual and auditory patterns. The chapter also reviews the large literature that examines phonological coding in reading sentences and text using eye-movement methodology, including display change techniques. Other aspects of phonological coding discussed include its role to mark stress and its role in short-term memory to facilitate the reading of text. In addition, the chapter attempts to clarify the relationship between phonological coding and subvocalization.

Keywords: phonological coding, subvocalization, phonemes, stress, eye movements, display change techniques

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