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date: 15 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Robert Scholes and Clifford Wulfman define modernism and modernity this way: “Modernity is a social condition. Modernism was a response to that condition.” Modernity “is an urban condition” “reached in certain parts of the world in the late nineteenth century … a mass phenomenon” characterized by the rise of technology, print culture, and material consumption. Jack London, who is routinely categorized as a naturalist and realist, can also be called a modernist. The word modern appears often in the pages of this handbook, and though it is not new to call London a modernist, the breadth of scholarship in this present volume gives the categorization new meaning. Moving beyond categorization and periodization, the handbook emphasizes the intersection of London’s politics and his art. Ultimately, all the contributors are concerned with the artist Jack London living in the modern world.

Keywords: socialism, machine age, modernism, naturalism, authorship

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