- The Oxford Handbook of Gender and Conflict
- Foreword I
- Foreword II
- Editors and Contributors
- Introduction: Mapping the Terrain: Gender and Conflict in Contemporary Perspective
- Theories of War
- From Women and War to Gender and Conflict?: Feminist Trajectories
- The Silences in the Rules That Regulate Women during Times of Armed Conflict
- How Should We Explain the Recurrence of Violent Conflict, and What Might Gender Have to Do with It?
- The Gendered Nexus between Conflict and Citizenship in Historical Perspective
- Violent Conflict and Changes in Gender Economic Roles: Implications for Post-Conflict Economic Recovery
- Victims Who are Men
- Women, Peace, and Security: A Critical Analysis of the Security Council’s Vision
- Participation and Protection: Security Council Dynamics, Bureaucratic Politics, and the Evolution of the Women, Peace, and Security Agenda
- A Genealogy of the Centrality of Sexual Violence to Gender and Conflict
- 1325 + 17 = ?: Filling in the Blanks of the Women, Peace, and Security Agenda
- Complementarity and Convergence?: Women, Peace and Security and Counterterrorism
- Unlocking the Potential of CEDAW as an Important Accountability Tool for the Women, Peace and Security Agenda
- The Promise and Limits of Indicators on Women, Peace and Security
- Humanitarian Intervention and Gender Dynamics
- (Re)Considering Gender Jurisprudence
- Complementarity as a Catalyst for Gender Justice in National Prosecutions
- Forced Marriage during Conflict and Mass Atrocity
- Advancing Justice and Making Amends Through Reparations: Legal and Operational Considerations
- Conflict, Displacement, and Refugees
- Gender and Forms of Conflict: The Moral Hazards of Dating the Security Council
- The Martial Rape of Girls and Women in Antiquity and Modernity
- “Mind the Gap”: Measuring and Understanding Gendered Conflict Experiences
- Intersectionality: Working in Conflict
- Agency and Gender Norms in War Economies
- Risk and Resilience: The Physical and Mental Health of Female Civilians during War
- The Gender Implications of Small Arms and Light Weapons in Conflict Situations
- Unmanned Weapons: Looking for the Gender Dimensions
- Gender and Peacekeeping
- Peacekeeping, Human Trafficking, and Sexual Abuse and Exploitation
- Women, Peace Negotiations, and Peace Agreements: Opportunities and Challenges
- Women’s Organizations and Peace Initiatives
- Gender and Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration: Reviewing and Advancing the Field
- Decolonial Feminism, Gender, and Transitional Justice in Latin America
- Gender and Governance in Post-Conflict and Democratizing Settings
- Who Defines the Red Lines?: The Prospects for Safeguarding Women’s Rights and Securing Their Future in Post-Transition Afghanistan
- “That’s Not My Daughter”: The Paradoxes of Documenting Jihadist Mass Rape in 1990s Algeria and Beyond
- Consequences of Conflict-Related Sexual Violence on Post-Conflict Society: Case Study of Reparations in Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Colombia: Gender and Land Restitution
- Knowing Masculinities in Armed Conflict?: Reflections from Research in the Democratic Republic of Congo
- Northern Ireland: The Significance of a Bottom-Up Women’s Movement in a Politically Contested Society
- Gendered Suffering and the Eviction of the Native: The Politics of Birth in Occupied East Jerusalem
- Rwanda: Women’s Political Participation in Post-Conflict State-Building
- Sri Lanka: The Impact of Militarization on Women
Abstract and Keywords
Processes of disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) seek to improve the security and stability of post-conflict societies. This chapter explores a gender-focused approach to DDR that has three primary components: conducting gender analyses of standards of support for women in DDR programs; prioritizing parallel programs for women; and demilitarizing masculinity and femininity. Historical difficulties in establishing DDR programs that respond to the needs of women are explained by four challenges: exclusion of women due to restrictive definitions of “combatants”; programming that does not reflect the specific experiences of women; a reluctance to look beyond traditional DDR programs toward alternates; and a failure to address the militarized masculinities of male combatants. The chapter concludes by suggesting that DDR programs move toward a “portfolio view.” This would allow participants greater flexibility to choose the programming that best meets their needs by providing participants a menu of options.
Dyan Mazurana, PhD, is Associate Research Professor at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, and Research Director at the Feinstein International Center, Tufts University. Her areas of focus include women, children, and armed conflict; documenting serious crimes committed during conflict and working with survivors; accountability, remedy, and reparation; and research methods in situations of armed conflict. Her latest book is Research Methods in Conflict Settings: A View from Below (Cambridge University Press, 2013) with Karen Jacobsen and Lacey Gale.
Roxanne Krystalli is the Program Manager for the Humanitarian Evidence Program, a UK aid-funded partnership between Oxfam GB and the Feinstein International Center to synthesize evidence-based humanitarian research and improve its use in humanitarian policy and practice. Roxanne is a PhD Candidate at The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, where she is exploring questions related to victim-centered justice.
Anton Baaré has since 1990 worked as international development and conflict-resolution practitioner in East and West Africa, and Southeast Asia. More recently he has started working in South and Central Asia. His experience covers human security, community-driven recovery and development, and disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) programming. His work in Uganda started in 1993 when he was Danida advisor to the Uganda Veterans Assistance Board (UVAB), where he worked on the demobilization of the National Resistance Army (now UPDF). He has since worked on numerous projects in Uganda, including the ongoing Northern Uganda Social Action Fund 2 (NUSAF 2). In 2000–2002 he was Danida advisor to the Uganda Human Rights Commission (UHRC) and manager of the Danish support Human Right and Democratisation Programme. Between 2006 and 2008 he was seconded to the GOSS mediation team on the LRA “Juba Peace Talks” and was involved in drafting the Cessation of Hostilities agreement of August 2006, training the Cessation of Hostilities Monitoring Team, and drafting the Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegrationprotocol of the Juba Peace Agreement.
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