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date: 29 May 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter tracks martial or “ravaging rape” since the ancient Mediterranean period. It demonstrates how ravaging has historically been practiced as a form of warfare. It describes how ravaging exerts martial ethno-religious hegemony over people by targeting their reproductive capacity and childbearing customs. It charts this practice in modern times, focusing on the sexual violence of Serbian forces toward Bosnian women. The linkages between historical and modern practices underscore the continuities of harm and violence that women experience in situations of war. The chapter situates recent testimonials about male massacre and martial rape within the long history of ravaging. Historical knowledge underscores the pervasiveness of such practices and the challenges to undoing them in war.

Keywords: martial rape, reproduction, childbearing, warfare, ravaging, sexual violence, Serbia, Bosnia

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