- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Contributors
- Texts and Times Mapping the Changing Study of Work and Organizations
- Labor Markets and Flexibility
- Organizations and the Intersection of Work and Family: A Comparative Perspective
- Gender, Race, and the Restructuring of Work: Organizational and Institutional Perspectives
- Skill Formation Systems
- Technology and the Transformation of Work
- Groups, Teams, and the Division of Labor: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Organization of Work
- Introduction: Unmanageable Capitalism?
- The Diffusion and Domestication of Managerial Innovations: The Spread of Scientific Management, Quality Circles, and TQM between the United States and Japan
- Managers, Markets, and Ideologies: Design and Devotion Revisited
- Human Resource Management
- Knowledge Management
- Industrial Relations and Work
- Labor Movements and Mobilization
- Resistance, Misbehavior, and Dissent
- Manual Workers: Conflict and Control
- Service Workers in Search of Decent Work
- What we know (And Mostly Don't Know) about Technical Work
- The Changing Nature of Professional Organizations
- Ports and Ladders: The Nature and Relevance of Internal Labor Markets in a Changing World
- Introduction: The Reorganised Economy
- Organizations and Organized Systems: From Direct Control to Flexibility
- Interfirm Relations as Networks
- Changes in the Organization of Public Services and their Effects on Employment Relations
- Understanding Multinational Corporations
- Corporate Restructuring
- Beyond Convergence and Divergence: Explaining Variations in Organizational Practices and Forms
Abstract and Keywords
Many believe that the nature of careers has changed dramatically in the past twenty years. One scholar writes that internal labor markets have been ‘demolished’, while a human resources manager at Intel comments that, in contrast to the past, today, ‘You own your own employability. You are responsible’ (Knoke 2001: 31). The idea of the ‘boundaryless career’ seems increasingly popular (Arthur and Rousseau 1996). If it is in fact true that the old rules for organizing work have disappeared, this would represent a fundamental change for employees. It would also have major implications for how scholars think about the labor market. Not surprisingly, the reality is more complicated, with evidence of both change and stability in the nature of the employment relationship. This article discusses the nature of these developments and their implications for the internal labor market literature.
Paul Osterman is the Nanyang Professor of Human Resources at the MIT Sloan School of Management and the Department of Urban Planning, MIT. He is also Deputy Dean of the MIT Sloan School. His most recent book is Gathering Power: The Future of Progressive Politics in America (2003). In addition, he has authored a number of other books on changes in the contemporary economy and employment relations, and has written numerous academic journal articles and policy issue papers on topics such as the organization of work within firms, labor market policy, and economic development. Osterman has been a senior administrator of job training programs for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and consulted widely to firms, government agencies, foundations, community groups, and public interest organizations.
M. Diane Burton is an Associate Professor at MIT and is affliated with the Entrepreneurship Center and the Institute for Work and Employment Research. Her research focuses on employment relations and organizational change primarily in entrepreneurial companies. Her current major research project is a study of innovation in the cardiovascular medical device industry. She is also studying the careers of technology entrepreneurs and executives, and recently completed a large-scale study of 175 high-tech start-ups in Silicon Valley. She has published articles in a variety of academic journals including the American Sociological Review, the American Journal of Sociology, and the Journal of Law, Economics, and Organizations.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.