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date: 25 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

An examination of professional organizations and professionals opens up a very wide range of possibilities, as this has been a central and important topic in the sociology of organizations and occupations for more than four decades. There has been something of a change in interest in the past fifteen years, centered on the nature of professional organizations and the ways in which they are changing. It is that burgeoning literature and the questions posed by it that is the focus of this article. The aim of this article is to consider changes that are taking place in those professional organizations and to examine their impact on management structures and systems. The study of professions in organizations has gone through three, overlapping phases since the 1950s. This article discusses these phases in detail. It also assesses what happens to professionals' power and control of work.

Keywords: professional organizations, occupations, sociology, management structures, professionals' power

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