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date: 16 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article focuses on the changing nature of labor, management, and government interactions in advanced industrialized countries with particular emphasis on how modifications in industrial relations intersect with the organization of work. The evidence shows increased variation in industrial relations patterns within countries as a result of the growth of nonunion alternatives to previously dominant union systems; the rise of human resource employment patterns as alternatives to traditional collective bargaining; and the polarization of collective bargaining into participatory and adversarial alternatives. Variation across countries is declining due to similarities in the process of industrial relations. Although these process changes are particularly evident in workplaces that make use of high-performance work processes, they are common elsewhere. There are also similarities in industrial relations outcomes across countries involving commonalities in employment patterns and work practices.

Keywords: government interactions, industrialized countries, industrial relations patterns, dominant union systems, employment patterns

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