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date: 20 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article focuses on two streams of theory-driven empirical research on human resource management (HRM). The first is the ‘mainstream’, predominantly survey-based research on the nature of ‘strategic’ high-commitment/high-performance HRM and its relationship to organizational performance. Given its dominance in present HRM research agenda-setting in the most prestigious North American journals, this article devotes most of its space to discussing this stream of research. The second stream is the work that derives from critical, often case-study-based, research, informed by a labor process tradition that has been reinvigorated by Foucauldian and discourse analysis perspectives. This research has focused on employees' experience of HRM in the context of lean production, teamworking, and new work sites, whether Japanese manufacturing implants or call centers. It has also been concerned with issues of employee subjectivity, identity, and resistance. Prominent researchers in this stream are typically, but not exclusively, European.

Keywords: human resource management, survey-based research, organizational performance, lean production, teamworking

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