Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 26 May 2020

(p. 679) Index

(p. 679) Index

absolute time22, 23, 31, 32, 35, 227, 529, 571, 572, 575, 596, 599, 664, 667–8
absorber501, 504–6
condition496, 517, 520
acceleration27, 183–4, 198, 313, 531–4, 536–7, 540–2, 571, 654
absolute571
of the charge502, 503, 512, 513, 515
feeling of529
field502, 503, 518
four‐495
four‐vector512, see also acceleration, four‐instantaneous 531
uniform498
α‐chance260, 263–4, 272, 274
actualism92, 114, 168
agency63, 271, 274, 366, 424, 432
human71, 79
material663
process of273
sense of432–3, 435
Albert, David316–17, 325, 328, 332, 334–8, 340, 487
alethic status141
Alexandroff present76–8, 88, 566
A‐properties163–4, 172
Aristotle13, 42–4, 47, 48, 50, 52–3, 60, 174, 551
Arntzenius, Frank317, 585–6
arrow:
causal296–7
of causation274
cosmological486, 511, 524
electromagnetic486–7, 490, 494–5, 502, 506, 507, 519, 524
gravitational676
nomologically‐characterized295
thermodynamic501, 505, 524
of time523, 675–8
A‐series69–76, 78–80, 82–4, 86–8, 163
asymmetry:
of advancement251, 258–60, 271–4
between space and time649–50
in the boundary conditions324, 326, 341–2
of causation, see causation, asymmetry of
electromagnetic489–90, 494, 507, 523–4
of influence247–53, 260, 262–3, 271–2
of our modal notions309
of radiation272, 491, 496, 503, 508, 511, 514, 518–20, 522–3
reaction516–20, 522–3
of the Ricci curvature523–4
in thermodynamics285, 312, 315, 318, 320, 323–4, 327, 330–4, 341–2
typicality273–4
wave341
A‐theorist, see A‐theory
atom33, 158, 582, 674
background independence665, 675
Barbour, Julian180
Barbour‐Bertotti Machianism574
Bayes' theorem81
becoming72, 80, 228, 413, 480–1, 551–2, 561, 563, 567
absolute71, 405, 413–4
frame28
local562
rate of562
(p. 680) temporal414
Bekenstein‐Hawking formula676
belief:
degree of87, 254, 255 see also credence
Bell, John638, 645
Belot, Gordon598–9
big bang209, 215–16, 260, 307, 325–9, 509, 544, 582, 665, 671, 677
big crunch260, 671, 677
bilking argument588–9
black hole611–12, 614, 623, 676
block universe71, 73–5, 78, 82–4, 86–8, 385, 387, 389–91, 404–6, 409–11, 416–7, 567
non‐dynamic413
non‐growing405–6
passage‐free414
relativistic78
Boltzmann, Ludwig282–3, 289–91, 295, 297, 306, 319, 321–2, 324–7, 334, 338, 675
Born‐Oppenheimer expansion673
Born rule335
Broad, C.D.57, 168–71, 277–80
B‐series70, 73–5, 83, 163
classical74
ersatz133, 135
partial74
B‐theorist, see B‐theory
B‐theory16, 88, 163–8, 171, 176, 179, 186, 202, 204–5, 209, 221, 230, 233–4, 239
capacity68, 541
for conscious experience386
entropy676
essential356
expressive109
Cauchy development610–11
Cauchy horizon593, 606–7, 609, 613, 615–17, 625
Cauchy surface593, 602, 614
causal automorphism557
causal loop63, 582
causal sets619–21, 625
causal strength83–4
causality condition493–4, 496, 518–19, 590, 592–4, 609, 615, 619–21, 624, see also retardation condition
causation15, 61, 83, 189, 193–4, 196, 225, 248, 251–4, 272, 295, 301, 490, 507
asymmetry of86, 274, 297, 341
backward62, 64, 82, 443, 585, 588–9, 592
deterministic chaotic256
direction of63, 81, 193, 272, 274
immanent30
mental430
simultaneous61
chance:
asymmetric notion of251
backward259
deterministic260
past‐directed261
epistemological role of258
future‐directed260
objective68–9, 74, 83–4, 87–8, 260, see also α‐chance
metaphysics of74
primitive88
propensities69, 80, 82, 87
objective78
primitive69, 87
propensity accounts of69
setup68 see also probability, objective;
change:
in A‐properties172
mereological13, 23
experience of387–9, 392–6, 401–4, 407, 418, 440, 449, 464
preference369
problem of25
psychological368
real280–1
chronology592
classical time parameter648, 671
closed timelike curve (CTC)249–50, 264, 577–82, 584–7, 592, 594–6, 599–601, 603–4, 606–9, 613, 615–17, 619–25
co‐location27–8
(p. 681) completeness98, 103
theorem
for K97
for propositional logic93, 95
for tense logic95
composite object23, 28
composition14, 30
across time, see composition, diachronic
diachronic30
of individual specious presents396
instantaneous30
synchronic30
unrestricted28–30
constitution:
material15
move28
coordinate system31, 206, 560, 642
inertial488, 496
spatial528
corner slice33–5
cosmic background radiation504
cosmic censorship conjecture579, 610–16, 623, 625
cosmology307–8, 326–7, 340, 486, 508, 511, 517, 519–20, 599, 610, 624, 665
flatness problem in608
Friedman‐Walker‐Robertson486, 509, 511
inflationary613
modalities in600
quantum671–2, 674–5
counterfactual:
conditional107, 117, 252, 254, 496
dependence251–3, 255, 263, 271, 308
logic252
morass607
probability253–4, 270
reasoning117
situation19
support326
world255, 259, 262–3
counterpart:
modal19
semantics117
temporal14, 19, 20–4, 26, 27, 31, 33
credence68, 69, 88
function87 n.18
dark matter178, 196, 200
decoherence672, 677
decomposition502, 595, 667
de Finetti68
deliberation63, 357, 365, 366, 431
determinism252, 256–60, 267–8, 270, 272, 319, 331, 338, 430, 579, 593, 606, 612, 671
Descartes, René390, 571
Deutsch‐Politzer gate606 n.50, 608
D‐fusion, see fusion, diachronic
diachronic monsters30
diffeomorphism615, 668
dilemma:
between fatalism and backwards causation62
of composition28
for the defender of an objective direction of time299–300
for any 'distinguished present' version of objective passage279–81
Genuine373
of presentism125
for realist single‐case probability theorists81
Dirac, Paul514–15, 518, 658, 669
Dirac spinor field643, 645
disposition68, 69, 308, 309
dualism15, 413
matter‐consciousness402
of practical reason356
psychophysical390
Dummett, Michael56, 62–3, 129, 137–40, 273
Earman, John284–91, 296, 584, 587, 597–8, 601
Eddington, Arthur300–2, 305–8
Einstein, Albert486, 489–90, 492, 501, 523, 530–1, 534, 547–9, 551–3, 618, 663
Einstein‐de Sitter cosmological model511
Einstein's field equations486, 544, 578–9, 584, 586, 590, 593, 594, 596–8, 600–2, 605, 608–9, 611, 612, 615–18, 624–5, 664
Einstein‐Ritz controversy486, 489–90, 501
(p. 682) electrodynamics:
Wheeler‐Feynman action‐at‐a‐distance494, 496–7, 517, 520
classical487, 490–1, 495–7, 517–8, 520, 522
quantum487, 497, 519–20, 522–4
endurance17–20, 23–6, 32, 34
endurantism14–5, 30, see also endurance
energy193, 210–11, 218, 327, 578, 600–1, 605, 611, 640–1, 648–50, 658–61, 665
condition607, 609, 612, 617, 619, 625
dominant612, 623
null615–16
point‐wise616, 618–9
in QFT618
strong612
weak612
dark509, 613
densities616, 619, 665
negative612, 618, 619
electromagnetic512
kinetic319, 322, 496
‐momentum496, 504, 518, 612, see also tensor, energy‐momentum
principle496
entanglement676–7
entities:
abstract124, 133, 134, 136
concrete136
ersatz130, 134
event‐like174
evidence‐transcendent139
exactly co‐located27
external258
fictional130
instantaneous26
macroscopic261
non‐present125–6, 134
non‐propositional128
sub‐personal364
substantival196
theoretical200
entropy284, 314–15, 318–26, 329, 330–5, 339–40, 489, 619, 676–7
gradient306–9, 489
gravitational676
initial low295–6, 322, 324–9, 339–41, 489, 502, 676
method285
thermodynamic321, 327
epistemicism‐presentism139, 141
ergodicity331–2
ergodic theory331–2
eternalism16–17, 70, 131, 134–5, 141, 171, 176, 383
Euclidean space177, 182, 184–5, 537, 540, 544, 635
exdurance17–20, 23, 26, 29, 32, 34
exdurantism14–5, see also exdurance
fatalism41, 44, 46, 56, 60, 62, 63
field:
advanced486, 492, 493, 502, 503, 518
charge‐current487
half‐retarded‐half advanced498
Liénard‐Wiechert493
retarded486, 490, 492, 493, 498, 502, 503, 518
vector488–9, 590, 638, 640
fixity42, 61
of interests369
of our own perspective307
of the past81–2, 88, 247–8, 481
flow
energy‐momentum612
experiential408
kinetic426
in time602
phenomenal407
of space602
of time56–7, 74, 88, 146, 248, 276, 283, 300, 303–6, 481, 529
objective281, 301
time's, see flow, of time
foreknowledge62, 63
four‐dimensionalism14, 16 n.10, see also perdurantism
freedom57–9, 430, 624, 668
degree of321, 431, 664, 672, 676–7
gauge491, 601
lack of57
phenomenology of63
real53
(p. 683) frequency68, 83, 86, 268
Continuous Flicker463
plane wave
positive640
negative640
relative608
solution
positive639–41
negative639–41
Friedman, Michael559
Frisch, Mathias341, 493–4, 504, 506, 508
forward scattering of the wave packet521–2
fusion:
diachronic29
minimal29–31
synchronic30
future contingents43, 45, 47–52, 57, 61
the problem of47
futurity280–1
gauge:
freedom491, 601
invariance668
symmetry489
transformation668 see also Lorentz gauge condition
general relativity74, 159, 249, 264, 296, 534, 544, 573, 578, 595, 606, 611, 664, 665, 667–70, 677
Hamiltonian formulation of621
quantum666, 675
geodesic201, 496, 590, 613, 623, 665
incompleteness610, 614
null591, 593, 611, 615–16
timelike573
global hyperbolicity593, 609, 615, 619–20
global time function602
Gödel, Kurt547, 564, 579, 595–7, 599
grandfather paradox578, 581–4
Grow‐Glow theory170, 406, 412, 414–17
growing block168–76, 199, 226, 248, 405–6, 408–10, 413–4
Grünbaum, Adolf554–9, 563
GRW (Ghirardi‐Rimini‐Weber) theory234–5, 259, 332–7, 340, 342
Hamiltonian constraint668
Hamilton‐Jacobi equation673
Hawking, Stephen611, 613, 615–17
Heisenberg, Werner647–8, 650
hidden variables309
Hilbert space640–2, 647, 649, 651, 655–8, 673
Hintikka53
hole argument180
Humphreys' paradox81–2
Husserl, Edmund392, 401, 422–3, 435, 444, 448, 462, 464, 466, 475, 477, 481
hyperplane21, 31, 33, 195, 197, 207, 208, 216, 217, 557, 558
identity:
numerical400
personal15, 27, 363, 366–8, 370, 380, 588
transworld202
indeterminism228, 233, 253, 256
inertial path178, 182, 184–7, 197, 199, 202, 210, 228–9
instantaneous object stages20, 230
isotropy group544
James, William76, 384–5, 389, 393–4, 444, 448, 462, 464, 466, 481
Kirchhoff representation theorem491, 495, 507–9, 511, 524
Klein bottle538
Klein‐Gordon equation635–6, 640, 642, 670
Klein‐Gordon field635–6, 638–9, 640, 642
Kneale, W. and M.52–3
Kripke, Saul100, 375
law
causal30, 449–5
classical48–9, 50, 314, 331
of electromagnetism493–4, 505, 507, 529, 575
collapse333–5
of conservation
of charge491
of matter30
(p. 684) dynamical30, 216, 226, 233, 235, 253, 261, 264, 313–15, 318–19, 323–5, 330, 332, 340–1, 460, 574, 578, 584–5, 590, 601, 635, 663
stochastic256, 260
of Excluded Middle46, 51
Forrest‐style217–19, 228
Gauss668
of GR584, 590, 599, 624
inertial573–4
indeterministic333
Lorentz force500, 512
Machian293
Maxwell's497, 508
of mechanics489, 529
of motion189, 230
Newtonian155, 230, 314, 315, 572, 574, 587
Newton's, see law, Newtonian
of Non‐Contradiction46, 51
non‐time reversal invariant330, 332–3, 342–3
propagation668
psycho‐physical223
probabilistic84, 319
of quantum mechanics575
quantum theoretic216
special science339
time asymmetric, see law, non‐time reversal invariant
time reversal invariant314–17, 319, 331–2, 338, 342, 489–90, 493, 505, 519
time reversal symmetric, see laws, time reversal invariant
transformation551
Leibniz, Gottfried179, 663
Lewis, C.I.367
Lewis, David19, 20, 25, 26, 28, 29, 58, 69, 87, 101, 107, 110, 113, 115, 127, 165, 175, 252, 301, 580, 582, 585, 601
Lewisian pluriverse20
light cone76, 185, 191–2, 191, 196–7, 201, 237, 255, 261, 294, 519, 550, 557, 558, 564, 566, 590, 612
location:
of the A‐theoretic foliation219, 221, 229
event180, 181, 183, 184, 236
exact18, 20, 23
instantaneous173
momentary, see q‐location
of particles194, 235
in phase‐space333
point‐sized203
of the quantum‐theoretic foliation215
relation of18, 34
spacetime166, 177, 181, 488, 492, 498, 500, 635
spatial170, 198, 383, 469
temporal181, 387, 393, 445, 470
of benefits and harms353–4, 358–9, 368, 369, 379 see also co‐location, multilocation
Locke, John366
logic:
bivalent582
classical150
dialethic581, n.4
free102
non‐bivalent47, 50, 52
propositional92–97, 100, 102, 108, 115
three‐valued44, 47–8, 50
and time‐travel581–9
two‐valued45–6, 48
logical connectives44, 48, 49, 92, 95, 97, 99, 108, 109
in three‐valued logic47, 48
Lorentz‐Dirac equation512–21
Lorentz gauge condition491
Łukasiewicz, Jan44–8, 50–1
manifold:
A‐theorist's204, 230–1
B‐theorist's239
differentiable590
ghostly176, 227
GR187, 200–3, 212, 233
Newtonian182, 227
non‐foliable188
one‐dimensional109
presentist's205, 229, 239
relativistic179, 236
sensory466
SR191, 196, 197, 232, 234
substantival179, 197, 199, 204, 205
three‐dimensional668
Markosian, Ned124, 141–3
materialism15, 413
material objects13, 18, 200 n.63, 385, 462, 565, 580, 650
mathematics156, 651
continuous158
philosophy of15
of space‐time distances182
Maudlin, Tim74–6, 180, 209, 213–16, 235, 286, 264, 295, 297–301, 303–4, 600, 624
Maxwell's equations188, 486, 487, 491, 493, 497, 498, 503, 506, 636, 638, 668
McTaggart, J.M.E.70, 72, 163, 280–1
meaning56, 138, 173, 205, 249, 254, 430, 435, 572, 580, 607
absolute493
physical203, 647, 661
and verification137
measurement158–9, 186, 214–15, 225, 235–7, 309, 498, 530, 537, 543, 572, 660
mechanics:
classical17, 154–5, 157–8, 253, 313–14, 528, 529, 533, 565, 571, 647, 669
Hamiltonian317
Newtonian313, 315–17, 326, 489, 547, 578, 663
quantum36, 76, 157, 233, 253, 259, 309, 310, 317, 332, 336, 575, 647, 649–52, 654, 656, 658–9, 664–5, 667–9, 672, 674, 677
time reversal invariant theories of333, 335
statistical261, 318, 323–8, 330–1, 335–40, 501, 572, 586
quantum522
mereology:
classical23
folk23
region‐relativized22
metric73, 189, 209, 211, 212, 235, 238, 465, 491, 538, 573, 590, 605, 618, 675
field180
of GR178, 187, 232
Lorentz‐signature590
Minkowski189, 201, 206, 208, 214–19, 224, 227, 229, 512, 636, 644
of SR196
temporal574
three‐dimensional667, 669–71, 673–4
Milne, Edward80–2
modality15, 53, 83, 168, 599, 624
modal realism14
modal status61
momentary object stages20
moving now69, 73, 249
moving spotlight theory171, 226, 277–8, 280, 405–6, 409, 411–12, 414–17, see also Grow‐Glow theory
multilocation 14, 18, 20
Nagel, Thomas360, 362–3, 369–70
Newton, Isaac179, 181, 214, 551, 571, 573
no‐go theorem615, 617
non‐locality235
Norton, John557
null cone285, 488, 502, 590
ontology
of concrete possibilia19
fundamental physical315, 340
of the manifold230
mixed particle‐field497
of persistence31
of physical objects16
pure particle497
of stages26, see also exdurance
(p. 686) ordering:
Bohmian237
B‐series74, 133
complete565
factor670
linear73
intrinsic temporal204
objective561
time554, 564
Parfit, Derek362–3, 366–71, 376–9
parthood13, 15, 26
as basic two‐place relation23
relativized21, 23
addicity of24 n.33
asymmetrical21
proper21–2
spatial21
temporal21, 32
passage of time75, 78, 248, 276–7, 282, 284, 299, 303, 305, 384, 385, 392, 408, 418, 547, 551, 561, 564, 600
past hypothesis325–30, 335, 337, 339–40, 501
Pauli, Wolfgang647–50, 657
Penrose, Roger161, 296, 579, 610, 676
perdurance17–20, 25, 29, 32, 34
perdurantism14–5, 26, 231, see also perdurance
persistence:
direct20
experience of388, 392–3, 395, 396, 404
of the time traveler588
problem of13
relativistic31, 32
three modes of17, 22, 24, see also endurance; perdurance; exdurance
vicarious20
visible398 n.13
phase space321–2, 328, 330, 332–5, 489, 670
physics:
classical259, 550–3, 649, 650
continuous154
final223–4
foundational575
fundamental222, 223, 233, 236, 257, 260, 264, 273, 308, 312, 313, 386
micro‐313
molecular673
Newtonian230, 550, 663
relativistic87, 225, 229–30
spacetime588
of space‐time190, 228
of SR193
thermal506
time‐invariant287
Planck's constant158, 647
Planck mass672–3
Planck scale618, 675
Planck time158, 675, 677
Platonism15
Poincaré covariance496
possibilism70
power308
causal443
explanatory412
expressive106, 138
modally loaded68
purchasing304
resolving506, 660
predicate99–100, 102, 104, 110, 149
definable150
existence101
tensed70
truth128
vague28, 150
predication123, 590 n.13
temporal15 see also predicate
Price, Huw75, 312, 324, 327, 341, 589
Principle of Bivalence46–7, 56, 58, 61
Principal Principle87–8
Prior, A.N.53, 91, 96, 103, 105–6, 128, 165, 169, 173, 236
probability:
backward‐looking81, see also probability, past‐directed
(p. 687) conditional81
conservation of664, 6173
counterfactual253–4, 270
current645
distribution254, 258–60, 322, 329, 331, 335–5, 607–8, 659, 661
uniform323, 325, 334, 340
law‐derived84
lawful333
measure254, 257, 261, 322, 607–8
past‐directed258–9
postulate328
quantum mechanical335, 337
theory
discrete version of158
of time‐travel587–9
transition258–9, 334
backward259, 263
propensities68–70, 80–7
single‐case81, 83
properties:
alien115
backward‐looking199, 202, 203
classical672, 677
contingent597
epiphenomenal223
of events104, 170
geometrical201, 209
imprecise247
instantaneous physical27
intrinsic15, 317, 406, 414
lingering26–27
logical93
metrical179, 180, 191, 192, 200, 209, 211, 212, 227, 229, 231, 238, 538
modal308
negative18
phenomenal223, 386, 387, 397
physical386, 406, 575
qualitative468
relativization of26, 32
structural110, 230
syntactic93
temporary26, 31, 32
temporary intrinsic25, see also change, problem of
tensed130–1, see also A‐properties
topological537
prudence353–63, 367–8, 370–3, 379, 380
Putnam, Hilary74, 167, 205–7, 219–21, 228, 233
q‐location21, 31–6
quantization497, 621, 664, 666–70, 675, 677
quantum field theory36, 159, 497, 522, 524, 579, 613, 639, 642, 646, 665
linear522
Lorentz invariant633
relativistic633, 642
special664
spinor645
quantum gravity178, 233, 238, 578–9, 599, 609, 621, 625, 664–9, 671, 674–7, 678
Bohmian234
loop577, 619, 621, 625, 664, 667, 674, 677
semi‐classical617, 619, 625
quantum mechanics, see mechanics, quantum
quark178, 200, 269–70
quasi‐location, see q‐location
Ramsey, Frank358
Raychaudhuri equation616
Rea, Michael58–9
reduction23, 87, 154, 386, 565
of order513
reductionism84, 286
Lockean366
psychological366–8, 370
psycho‐physical387
reference15, 54, 125, 130, 134, 135, 434
failure of48
point of105–6
Reid, Thomas368, 387
relativity theory31, 75, 648–9, 661
special76, 543
(p. 688) region of spacetime, see spacetime region
renormalization518, 666
retardation condition493–5, 497, 505–6, 523
Rohrlich, Fritz514, 518–19
Rynasiewicz, Robert557–9
Saunders, Simon208, 219–20, 232
Savitt, Steven76, 78, 88, 207, 223, 225, 566, 598
Schrödinger equation157, 332–4, 664, 666, 669–70, 672–4
self‐adjointness656
semiclassical limit664, 667, 676–7
semiclassical time672–5
set theory23, 111
causal625, see also causal sets
Sider, Theodore28, 141–3, 167, 173, 189, 197–8, 200, 205–7, 219–21, 233
Sidgwick, Henry355–60, 362–3
signaling186, 225–6
simultaneity17, 18, 33, 78, 166, 191, 195, 208, 211, 223, 224, 228, 238, 546–7, 557–60, 595
absolute21, 181, 219, 221, 663
conventionality of554–5, 559, 560
distant186, 187, 209, 552, 564–5
Einstein556
optical186, 187, 210, 215, 228
problem395–6
quantum measurement186
relativity of74, 165, 181, 549–52, 554, 560–1, 564, 580, 595
telepathic186
singularity514, 610–11, 613, 677
theorems590, 610, 614, 618, 665
Sorites series28
spacetime
BMPV black hole622
career14, 18
chronology‐violating592, 594–6, 600–1, 603–4, 624
classical19, 31, 33, 617, 621, 672, 673
de Sitter509, 511
Friedman‐Lemaître‐Walker‐ Robertson520
Galilean21, 22, 180, 182
Gödel592, 598–9, 601–2, 622
realism17, 25
region14, 18, 21, 23, 24, 36, 186, 253, 254, 268, 284, 566, 584, 588, 601, 611, 614, 618, 619
achronal21
instantaneous18
specious present76, 78, 393–404, 408, 410–21, 414–17, 425, 462, 464, 467, 469, 472, 474, 476–7, 481, 566
Doctrine of462
Extensional409, 411, 412, 416
individual409
Retentional401, 402, 415
s‐parthood, see parthood, spatial
Stachel, John557–8
stage theory, see exdurance
statistical mechanics, see mechanics, statistical
statue22, 24
superposition521, 640
supersymmetry622
supervalidity48
supervaluation48–9, 150
supervenience223, 299
temporally extended object26, 29
temporal modification24, 26
temporal orientability284–5
temporal neutrality353–64, 366–80
temporal parts14, 18, 19, 24–6, 29, 170, 230, 364 n.7, 366 n.9, 464, 471, 479
finitely extended proper25
temporally extended25
proper22, 25 see also t‐slices
(p. 689) temporal substantivalism109, 117
temporary intrinsics, see properties, temporary intrinsic
tenseless proposition49, 53, 55
tensor:
Einstein618
energy‐momentum590, 594, 606, 612, 613, 617, 618,
fields584, 638, 645
field theories633, 646
Levi‐Civita638
Maxwell487, 488, 492
Maxwell‐Faraday638
Ricci491
stress‐energy502–3, 512, 518
Weyl676
time reversal633, 636, 638, 675
invariance288, 317, 319, 486–8, 495, 501, 512, 515–16
for electromagnetism487
the failure of511, 513, 519
operator316–17
symmetry314–16, 320, 331, 489
transformation516 see also law, time reversal invariant
three‐dimensionalism, see endurantism
Tooley, Michael47–8, 50, 57
t‐parthood, see parthood, temporal
t‐parts, see temporal parts
truth:
conditions53, 117
tense‐logical175
token‐reflexive54
of tensed sentences16, 106, 142
tenseless16
factual47, 50
logical45–6, 50, 93, 94, 97, 130
truth‐bearer52–3, 55, 173
truth‐maker127, 131, 175, 202
principle127–8
truth‐value45, 47, 51, 53, 54, 55, 172
determinate49, 51
indeterminate49, 57, 59
gaps48
links58–60, 134, 137, 139–41
t‐slices18–24, 26, 31, 33
t‐stage18, 20
twin paradox75, 528, 531, 536, 537, 539, 541, 542
universalism:
achronal24, 33–5
vagueness15, 149, 161, 523
the argument from28–30 see also predicate, vague
valuation48–9
resolved48
van Fraassen, Bas48, 555
vector field294, 488–9, 590, 638, 640
velocity27, 71, 72, 214, 217, 283, 316, 321, 520, 528, 536, 537, 548, 584
field502
Liénard‐Wiechert503
Coulomb502, 518
four‐488, 495, 498, 639
infinite658
of light76, 158, 213, 490, 536, 552
surface623
relative152, 184, 214, 529, 548, 550
wave equation667, 670–1
inhomogeneous491
Maxwell's188
wave packet521, 671–2
Weyl, Hermann152, 389
Wheeler‐DeWitt equation670–2, 674–7
Wigner, Eugene496, 650
WKB approximation521
world‐line190–2, 194–6, 466, 496
wormhole615, 618
traversable614–15, 618
Zeh, Dieter504, 506, 508, 519, 675