- The oxford handbooks of Political Science
- The Oxford Handbook of Political Methodology
- About the Contributors
- Political Science Methodology
- Normative Methodology
- Meta‐Methodology: Clearing the Underbrush
- Agent‐Based Modeling
- Concepts, Theories, and Numbers: A Checklist for Constructing, Evaluating, and Using Concepts or Quantitative Measures
- Typologies: Forming Concepts and Creating Categorical Variables
- Measurement Versus Calibration: A Set‐Theoretic Approach
- The Evolving Influence of Psychometrics in Political Science
- Causation and Explanation in Social Science
- The Neyman— Rubin Model of Causal Inference and Estimation Via Matching Methods
- On Types of Scientific Enquiry: the Role of Qualitative Reasoning
- Studying Mechanisms To Strengthen Causal Inferences In Quantitative Research
- Experimentation in Political Science
- Field Experiments and Natural Experiments
- Survey Methodology
- Endogeneity and Structural Equation Estimation in Political Science
- Structural Equation Models
- Time‐Series Analysis
- Time‐Series Cross‐Section Methods
- Bayesian Analysis
- Discrete Choice Methods
- Survival Analysis
- Cross‐Level/Ecological Inference
- Empirical Models of Spatial Inter‐Dependence
- Multilevel Models
- Counterfactuals and Case Studies
- Case Selection for Case‐Study Analysis: Qualitative and Quantitative Techniques
- Interviewing and Qualitative Field Methods: Pragmatism and Practicalities
- Process Tracing: a Bayesian Perspective
- Case‐Oriented Configura‐Tional Research: Qualitative Comparative Analysis (Qca), Fuzzy Sets, and Related Techniques
- Comparative-Historical Analysis in Contemporary Political Science
- Integrating Qualitative and Quantitative Methods
- Qualitative and Multimethod Research: Organizations, Publication, and Reflections on Integration
- Quantitative Methodology
- Forty Years of Publishing in Quantitative Methodology
- The Eitm Approach: Origins and Interpretations
- Name Index
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
This article describes the categories and typologies as an optic for looking at concept formation and measurement. It also provides an overview of the multiple contributions of typologies and presents numerous examples from diverse subfields of political science. It gives a framework for working with multidimensional typologies, outlining the building blocks of typologies, and illustrating how the cell types constitute categorical variables. In addition, the role of typologies in concept formation, the source of the concepts and terms in the cells of the typology, and the role of ideal types are explained. Finally, it explores the contribution of typologies to mapping empirical and theoretical change and to structuring comparison in empirical analysis. It suggests norms for the careful use of typologies. Among the guidelines for careful work with typologies, a significant priority to keep clearly in view is their contribution to wider goals of formulating and evaluating explanatory claims.
David Collier is Professor of Political Science at University of California, Berkeley and former President of the American Political Science Association. His fields are comparative politics, Latin American politics, and methodology. His latest book is Rethinking Social Inquiry: Diverse Tools, Shared Standards, of which he is co-editor and co-author with Henry E. Brady.
Jody LaPorte is a Doctoral Candidate in the Charles and Louise Travers Department of Political Science, University of California, Berkeley.
Jason Seawright is Assistant Professor of Political Science, Northwestern University.
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