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date: 26 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The fundamental questions that must be answered by any adequate theory of causation fall into three main groups. First, there are issues concerned with the nature of causation: For instance, what it is for two states of affairs to be causally connected, what is a causal law, and how are the two related? Secondly, there are questions concerning the epistemology of causation, including whether causal relations can be immediately perceived, and what account can be given of the confirmation of causal hypotheses on the basis of statistical information. Thirdly, there are questions about the relations between causation on the one hand, and space and time on the other: Is it possible for there to be a temporal or spatial gap between a cause and its effect, with no intervening causal process? Can a cause be later than its effect, or else simultaneous with it?

Keywords: causation, causal law, epistemology of causation, causal hypotheses, statistical information, space and time

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