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date: 24 August 2019

(p. xi) The Contributors

(p. xi) The Contributors

Dik Bakker ( has an MA in General Linguistics and a Ph.D. in Computational Linguistics, both from the University of Amsterdam. He is affiliated with the Amsterdam Center for Language and Communication, and an honorary member of staff at Lancaster University. His main fields of interest are language typology, language contact and borrowing, language relationships, and their computational aspects.

Balthasar Bickel ( is Professor of General Linguistics at the University of Leipzig. His research interests centre on the worldwide distribution of linguistic diversity, its historical causes, and its relationships to social and cognitive processes. Since the early 1990s, he has been engaged in fieldwork on typological outlier languages in the Himalayas. Together with Johanna Nichols, Bickel is co-director of the AUTOTYP research program for typological databasing. More information can be obtained at:

Walter Bisang ( studied general linguistics, Chinese, and Georgian at the University of Zurich. He has been Professor of General and Comparative Linguistics (Typology) in Mainz (Germany) since 1992. His research interests include linguistic typology and language universals, formal vs. functional linguistics, grammaticalization, language contact/areal typology. His languages of interest are East and mainland Southeast Asian languages, Caucasian languages (Georgian and others), Austronesian languages (Bahasa Indonesia, Tagalog, Yabêm, Paiwan), and Yoruba (together with Remi Sonaiya).

Melissa Bowerman ( is Senior Scientist (Emeritus) at the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics in Nijmegen, the Netherlands. Her research focuses on first language acquisition in cross-linguistic perspective, and its relationship to cognitive development and linguistic typology. She is the author of Early Syntactic Development: A Cross-linguistic Study with Special Reference to Finnish (Cambridge University Press, 1973), and the co-editor of Language Acquisition and Conceptual Development (Cambridge University Press, 2001) and Crosslinguistic Perspectives on Argument Structure: Implications for Learnability (Erlbaum, 2008).

Dunstan Brown ( is Senior Lecturer in Linguistics at the University of Surrey. He is the co-author of The Syntax–Morphology Interface: A Study of Syncretism (Cambridge University Press, 2005). He has research interests (p. xii) in computational linguistics, linguistic typology, and morphology. He has written widely on these subjects for journals such as Language, Lingua, and Yearbook of Morphology.

Joan Bybee ( is Distinguished Professor in the Department of Linguistics at the University of New Mexico. Her research interests include theoretical issues in phonology and morphology, language universals, and linguistic change. Her books include Morphology (Benjamins, 1985), The Evolution of Grammar (with Revere Perkins and William Pagliuca; University of Chicago Press, 1994), and Phonology and Language Use (Cambridge University Press, 2001). In 2004, she served as the President of the Linguistic Society of America.

Greville G. Corbett ( is Distinguished Professor of Linguistics at the University of Surrey, where he leads the Surrey Morphology Group. He works particularly on the typology of features, as in his books Gender (1991), Number (2000), and Agreement (2006), all with Cambridge University Press. He is one of the originators of Network Morphology, and currently holds an ESRC Professorial Fellowship for research into grammatical features.

Sonia Cristofaro ( received her Ph.D. in Linguistics from the University of Pavia in 1998, and is now Associate Professor of Linguistics at the same university. Her research interests focus on linguistic typology, cognitive linguistics, and historical linguistics. In addition to a number of articles, her publications include Subordination (Oxford University Press, 2003) and Aspetti sintattici e semantici dellefrasi completive in greco antico (La Nuova Italia, 1996).

Michael Daniel ( graduated with a Ph.D. from the Moscow State University for Humanities in 2001. He has undertaken fieldwork in the Caucasus (North East Caucasian). He teaches in the Department of Linguistics at Moscow State University and is also a researcher at the Institute for the World Culture at the same university.

Ferdinand de Haan ( has published extensively in the areas of modality, evidentiality, tense/aspect, and negation. He is working on the grammaticalization of modality and evidentiality and is co-editing a book on modals in the languages of Europe. He is currently teaching at the University of Arizona, Tucson. He is the author of The Interaction of Modality and Negation: A Typological Study (Routledge, 1997).

Fred Eckman ( is Professor of Linguistics in the Department of Foreign Languages and Linguistics at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. His publications include articles in journals and anthologies dealing with second language theory, and the learning of L2 syntax and phonology by adult language learners. He is the co-editor of Universals of Second Language Acquisition (Newbury House, 1984) and Second Language Acquisition: Theory and Pedagogy (Erlbaum, 1995).

(p. xiii) Patience Epps ( is Assistant Professor in the Department of Linguistics at the University of Texas at Austin. She has conducted documentary fieldwork in Amazonia, primarily on Hup (a Nadahup/Makú language), and is also interested in issues of language contact and change. Her publications include A Grammar of Hup (Mouton de Gruyter, 2008), New Challenges in Typology (co-edited with Alexandre Arkhipov; Mouton de Gruyter, 2009), and various articles.

Nicholas Evans ( is Professor of Linguistics in the Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies at the Australian National University. A specialist in Australian Aboriginal languages, he has published grammars of Kayardild and Bininj Gun-wok, and dictionaries of Kayardild and Dalabon. His research in general linguistics spans a broad range of fields, including linguistic typology, historical linguistics, contact and areal linguistics, the pragmatics semantics interface, and culture-specific effects on language structure.

Volker Gast ( studied Comparative and General Linguistics as well as Latin at Johannes Gutenberg University in Mainz, and obtained a Ph.D. in English Linguistics at the Free University of Berlin. Since April 2009, he has been Professor of English Linguistics at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena. His research interests include linguistic typology, contrastive linguistics (English-German), and semantics.

Giorgio Graffi ( is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Verona, Italy. His research topics include methodology of linguistics, general syntax, and history of linguistics. He has published 200 Years of Syntax: A Critical Survey (Benjamins, 2001).

John Haiman ( is the author of Talk is Cheap (Oxford University Press, 1998) and other books. He has done fieldwork on Romantsch, Hua, and Khmer, and research on syntactic change in Germanic languages and iconicity in syntax. He is the director of the Linguistics Program at Macalester College (St Paul, USA), where he has been teaching since 1989.

John A. Hawkins ( is Professor of Linguistics at University of California (Davis), and he also holds the Professorship of English and Applied Linguistics at the University of Cambridge. He has previously held permanent positions at the University of Southern California (Los Angeles), the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics (Nijmegen), and the University of Essex (Colchester). His current research focus is on typology and universals and the performance-grammar interface. His most recent books are Efficiency and Complexity in Grammars (Oxford University Press, 2004) and A Performance Theory of Order and Constituency (Cambridge University Press, 1994).

Seppo Kittilä ( is a lecturer in linguistics at the University of Helsinki, Finland. After defending his Ph.D. dissertation on transitivity, he has been studying ditransitives from a cross-linguistic perspective. He has published (p. xiv) papers in a number of leading journals including Studies in Language, Linguistics, and Linguistic Typology.

Maria Koptjevskaja-Tamm ( is Professor in the Department of General Linguistics at Stockholm University. She is the author of Nominalizations (Routledge, 1993) and the co-editor (with Östen Dahl) of Circum-Baltic Languages (Benjamins, 2001). She has been involved in cross-linguistic, typological, and areal-typological research on various morphosyntactic and lexical phenomena, among others, within the EUROTYP Project, and as a contributor to The World Atlas of Language Structures (Oxford University Press, 2005).

Leonid Kulikov ( is affiliated with the Leiden University Centre for Linguistics, currently working on a diachronic syntactic dictionary of the Old Indo-Aryan verb, as well as on a grammar of early Vedic Sanskrit. His research interests include synchronic and diachronic typology, in particular, typology of voices, labile verbs, and valency-changing categories, as well as Vedic verbal syntax. He is the co-editor of Typology of Verbal Categories: Papers Presented to V. Nedjalkov (Niemeyer, 1998), Tense-Aspect, Transitivity and Causativity: Essays in Honour of Vladimir Nedjalkov (Benjamins, 1999), and Case, Valency and Transitivity (Benjamins, 2006).

Ian Maddieson ( holds the titles of Adjunct Professor Emeritus in the Department of Linguistics at the University of California (Berkeley) and Adjunct Research Professor in the Department of Linguistics at the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque, where he now lives. He held a research appointment at UCLA for twenty-two years before moving to UC Berkeley in 2000 and retiring from the UC system in 2006 to move to New Mexico. His main interests are in phonetic and phonological universals, and he has collected data on many languages in the field to enrich the empirical database on which these are founded. His major publications include Patterns of Sounds (Cambridge University Press, 1984) and The Sounds of the World's Languages (Blackwell, 1996), co-authored with Peter Ladefoged.

Edith A. Moravcsik ( is Professor Emerita of Linguistics at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, USA. Her research interests are language typology, syntax, Hungarian grammar, and cognitive science. In addition to a number of articles and edited books, she has published An Introduction to Syntax (Continuum, 2006) and An Introduction to Syntactic Theory (Continuum, 2006).

Maria Polinsky ( is Professor of Linguistics at Harvard University. She received her Ph.D. from the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1986. She previously taught at the University of Southern California and the University of California (San Diego). Her research interests include language universals and their explanation, comparative syntactic theory, and the expression of information structure in natural language.

(p. xv) Beatrice Primus ( is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Cologne, Germany, and President of the Scientific Board of the Institute of German Language (Mannheim). She is the co-editor of the monograph series Linguistische Arbeiten (Niemeyer). Her major areas of research are semantic roles, case-marking, word order, and writing systems.

Paolo Ramat ( is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Pavia, Italy. He is the author of nine books and also the (co-)editor of several collected volumes. His research interests include historical linguistics, Indo-European studies, typology, and language theory. He has previously held the position of the President of the Comite International Permanent des Linguistes (CIPL), and was also Italian Representative in the Governing Council of the European Science Foundation (1999–2005).

Kenneth Shields ( is Professor of English at Millersville University of Pennsylvania, where he teaches a variety of linguistics courses. His research focus is Indo-European linguistics, with frequent emphasis on the application of linguistic typology to the reconstruction of both Proto- and Pre-Indo-European. He also has special interest in the morphosyntax of the early Germanic and Anatolian subgroups. He has published widely in such journals as Diachronica, Folia Linguistica Historica, General Linguistics, Historische Sprachforschung, Indogermanische Forschungen, Journal of Indo-European Studies, NOWELE, and Studi Micenei ed Egeo-Anatolici. He is the author of A History of Indo-European Verb Morphology (Benjamins, 1992) and Indo-European Noun Inflection: A Developmental History (Pennsylvania State University Press, 1982), and he is currently working on a book about Indo-European personal pronouns.

Anna Siewierska ( is Professor of Linguistics and Human Communication at Lancaster University. She is one of the founding members of the Association of Linguistic Typology and the co-editor of the Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic Theory series. In the 1990s, she was one of the coordinators of the European Science Foundation EUROTYP Project, dealing with the typology of the languages of Europe. More recently, she has been involved in the World Atlas of Linguistic Structures project, based in Leipzig, and the Linguistic Typology Resource Centre project, based in Utrecht. She is the author of Person (Cambridge University Press, 2004), Functional Grammar (Routledge, 1991), and Word Order Rules (Croom Helm, 1988), and the editor of Constituent Order in the Languages of Europe (Mouton de Gruyter, 1997).

Jae Jung Song ( is Associate Professor of Linguistics at the University of Otago, New Zealand. His research interests include linguistic typology, Korean linguistics, Oceanic linguistics, and language policy. He is the author of Causatives and Causation: A Universal-Typological Perspective (Addison Wesley Longman, 1996), Linguistic Typology: Morphology and Syntax (p. xvi) (Pearson, 2001) and The Korean Language: Structure, Use and Context (Routledge, 2005), and also the editor of Case, Typology and Grammar (with Anna Siewierska; Benjamins, 1998) and Frontiers of Korean Language Acquisition (Saffron, 2006).

Leon Stassen ( is Senior Lecturer in Linguistics at the Radboud University, Nijmegen. He also holds a special chair in Language Typology at the University of Utrecht. His major publications include Comparison and Universal Grammar (Blackwell, 1985), Intransitive Predication (Oxford University Press, 1997), and Predicative Possession (Oxford University Press, 2008).

Johan van der Auwera ( is Professor of General and English Linguistics at the University of Antwerp in Belgium. His student days were spent in Antwerp, Berkeley, and Stockholm, and longer research appointments took him to Hanover, Nijmegen, Paris, and Princeton. His current research focuses on grammatical semantics and typology (including areal typology and dialectology), with special reference to mood, modality, and negation. He is Editor-in-Chief of the journal Linguistics.

Lindsay Whaley ( is Professor of Linguistics and Chair of the Program in Linguistics and Cognitive Science at Dartmouth College. He is the author of Introduction to Typology (Sage, 1997) and the co-author of Saving Languages (Cambridge University Press, 2006). His research interests include language typology and language endangerment and Tungusic languages.