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date: 17 October 2019

(p. 738) Language Index

(p. 738) Language Index

Abaza 312
Abkhaz 305, 306, 312, 317, 340, 342
Acehnese 342, 412, 436–7, 437 n.
Acoma 335, 342
Afro-Asiatic 588
Aguaruna 521
Ainu 340
Algonquian 608 n. 4
Alsea 579
Altaic 394, 395
Amele 93, 436, 452, 455
American Indian (or Amerindian) languages 20, 382, 394, 579
Amharic 352–3
Anatolian 573–4
Anejom 336
Angaataha 426
Ani 338
Apurinã 342, 646
Arabic 312
Arabic, Egyptian 621, 625
Arabic, Iraqi 625
Arandic 604
Arrernte 604
Athapaskan 608
Au 330, 336
Australian Aboriginal 573, 588
Austronesian 573, 661, 662–3
Avar 311, 317, 343
Badjiri 342
Baltic 583, 586, 588
Bamileke 448, 449
Bantu 20, 107, 390, 448, 523, 615
Barai 312, 338
Barbareno Chumash 340
Bari 336
Baskish 14
Basque 73, 93, 116, Table 6.3, 121, 256, 304, 306, 307, 312, 317, 318, 324, 342
Batsbi 342, 345
Bawm 330
Belhare 344, 418, 422–3, 424 n., 434–5, 442
Bella Coola 390, 394
Bimoba 338
Birman 19
Bote 353, 354
Bribri 332
Bukiyip 342
Buriat 73
Burmese 336
Burunge 338
Burushaski 121
Byansi 341
Caddo 455, 459
Cambodian 150–7
Canela Kraho 336
Cantonese, see Chinese, Cantonese
Cariña 463 n. 14
Catalan 87
Caucasian 107, 115, Table 6.3
Cavineña 342
Cayuga 179, 292
Cayuvava 328
Celtic 585, 588
Central Pomo 342, 455
Chacobo 336, 448
Chalcatongo Mixtec 330
Chamling 343
Chamorro 338, 493, 493 n., 494
Chang 345
Chickasaw 413–14, 436
Chinese 14, 17, 19, 20, 29, 32, 150, 157, 287, 291, 299, 480
Amoy 621
Cantonese 211, 625, 627, 628, 629
Late Archaic 281, 293, 295–7, 298, 301
Mandarin 73, 81, 177, 222, 403, 419–20, 420 n., 471 n. 6, 472, 608 n. 4, 610, 621
Chukchee 381, 382, 383
Chukchee-Kamchatkan 114
Chukchi 355, 356, 406;
see also Chukchee
Circum-Baltic languages 583
Comanche 324
Coosan 579
(p. 739) Copainala Zoque 341
Cora 257 n. 3
Creek 354, 390
Czech 104, 482, 546
Dalabon 516
Danish 332, 588
Dargwa 341, 343, 381
Delaware 17
Dhaasanac 490, Table 22.3
Diyari 332, 352, 363
Djaru 341
Dogon 394
Dravidian 446, 454, 523, 573
Duala 92
Dutch 310, 378, 393, 610, 611, 613, 614 n.
Dyirbal 332, 420, 421, 423, 424 n., 426, 524
East Asian languages 508
East Tucanoan 573
Eastern Pomo 336, 342
Egyptian 20
English 13, 22, 29, 35, 38, 47, 71–4, 80–1, 82, 84, 85, 166–7, 169, 169 n., 172, 177, 178, Figure 9.4, 182, 185, 190, 191 n., 193–4, 197–8, 200–1, 203, 207, 209, 212, 214 n., 218, 220, 223–4, 253, 271, 285, 287, 288, 296, 298, 300, 304, 306, 309, 310, 318, 320, 328, 332, 333, 335, 343, 368–9, 372, 373 n. 7, 374, 376, 380, 381, 382, 383, 385, 393, 415, 417, 420, 420 n., 423 n., 428, 431, 437 n., 446, 448, 449, 452, 453, 454, 456, 457, 458, 460–1, 479, 481, 484, 485, 492, 498, Figure 22.2, 499–500, 506, Figure 23.1, 511, Figure 23.3, 512, 514, 515, 516, 519–20, Figure 23.6, 522, 524, 525, 526, Figure 23.8, 528, 529, 530, 531, 535, 536, 537, 538, 541, 545–7, 564, 566, 575, 585, Table 26.1, 587, 593, 597, 599, 600, 601, 603, 604, 607, 607 n., 608, 609, 610, 611, 613, 640, 643
American English Table 10.1, 521, 546
British English 190, Table 10.1
Old English 565, 566
Epena Pedee 332
Eskimo 407, 426, 440 n. 19;
see also Yupik
Eskimo-Aleut 107, 114, 115, Figure 6.1, 406, 427
Estonian 184, 457
Etruscan 12
Eurasia 578, 579, 581, 582, 584–5, 589
Europe 575, 580, 582–5, 588
Even 94, 467, 468–9
Evenki 359, 480
Ewe 94, 467, 469, 604
Fijian 475
Finnic 32, 576, 583, 585, 586, 588
Finnish 93, 184, 214, Table 11.2, 308, 338, 350, 351, 352, 355–6, 376, 377, 593, 597, 613
Flemish 12–13
Fore 412
French 12, 13, 16 n., 17, 22, 28, 29, 38, 80–1, 103, 161, 166–7, 197, 258, 310, 368–9, 375, 378, 385, 387, 388, 460, 480, 508, 575, 644
Fur 336
Gapun 336
Geez 336
Georgian 390–1, 482, 605
German 13, 14, 17, 29, 30, 32–3, 38, 81, 378, 384, 385, 389–90, 397, 415, 418–19, 435, 438, 507, 524, 529, 564, 607, 620, 625, 633
Germanic 12, 17, 80, 558, 561–2, 565, 575, 608
Gilyak 338, 562
Godoberi 343, 357–8
Gothic 565
Greek Table 11.1, 214, Table 11.2, 370 n. 2, 458, 553, 558, 565, 622
Greek, Ancient/Classical 10–11, 12, 13, 14, 17, 29, 304, 306, 310, 368, 416, 467–8, 469–70, 470 n., 473
Greenlandic Eskimo 311–12, 343, 452, 454, 605
Guajajara 257 n. 3
Guaraní 316, Table 15.1, 317, 319, 320
Guaymi 332
Gumbaynggir 305
Gundungurra 328
Gyarong 403, 403 n.
Haida 342
Halkomelem 338, 431
Hamito-Semitic 588
Hani 343
Hanunóo 521
Hausa 526, Figure 23.8
Hayu 344
Hebrew 12–13, 14, 17, 38, 86, 87–8, 209, Table 11.1, 211, 213, 214 n., 607
Himba 609
Hindi 525, 526, Figure 23.8, 605
Hittite 342, 560, 565
Hmong 157, 162
Hua 328, 341, Table 22.5, 501–2, 502 n.
Huave 343
Hungarian 71, 81, 86, 88, 308, 311, 482, 627
Hunzib 343, 351–2
Hup 637, 639, 641, 646, 647
Igbo 299
Ika 342, 343
Imbabura Quechua 318, 338
Imonda 342
Indic 573
Indo-European 15, 19, 20, 27, 28, 32, 33, 36, 104, 107, 110, Table 6.3, 370 n. 2, 391, 392 n., 397, 523, 527, 585, 586
Indonesian 477–8, Figure 23.1, 510, 515
Ingush 341
Inuktitut 20, 605
Iranian 320, 570–1, 573–4, 587
Iraqw 475
Irish 11–12, 14
Iroquoian 281, 288, 292
Italian 14, 16 n., 17, 22, 28, 333, 454, 597
Itelmen 543
Jakaltec 342
Jalonke 644
Jaminjung 529, 608, 638–9
Japanese 38, 72, 76–7, Table 11.1, 220, 221, 304, 309, 318, 328, 331, 396, 431, 442, 458, 471–2, 477, 478, 480–1, 506, Figure 23.1, 510, 515, 600, 601, 608, 610, 623, 624, 628, 629
Javanese 457
Jino 324
Jiwaili 332
Kalam 512
Kaliai-Kove 263
Kaluli 605
Kamaiurá 320
Kamaiura 639
Kammu 353, 354
Kannada 185, 186, 446, 447, 573
Karen 263
Karo-Batak 338
Kartvelian 390, 391, 573–4
Kâte 425–6
Kawaiisu 324
Kayah Li 336
Kayardild 428, 510, Figure 23.2, 516, 519, 524, 528, 547, 636, 656–7
Ket 256
Kewa 338, 342
Khiamnungan 345
Khoisan 102
Kʼicheʼ Mayan 312, 605
Kikuyu 457
Kinyarwanda 312, 318, 622
Kiowa 407–8
Kiribatese 312, 329, 335–6, 337, 338
Koasati 342, 345, 454
Koh Lakka 336, 344
Kokborok 336
Komi 588
Konjo 342
Konyak 345
Korean 255, 355, 394, 474, 512, Figure 23.4, 608, 610, 624, 625, 628, 629, 632
Korya Chiini 344
Kuikuro 311
Kurdish 311, 587
Kusaiean 338
Kutenai 338, 343, 642
Kwa 604
Kwaza 343
Kxoe (Central Khoisan) 397
Ladakhi 93
Lak 343
Lakhota 235, Table 12.1, 333, 340, 342, 345, 470, 471, 478–9
Lamang 397
Lappish 14
Larike 342
Latin 10–12, 13, 14, 17, 22, 23, 29, 80, 103, 109, 185, 186, Figure 9.6, 303, 304, 306, 310, 368, 370, 371, 372, 374, 453–4, 459, 489, 524, 558, 643, 644
Latvian 374–5, 393, 576, 585
Lavukaleve 324, 514
Leti 636
Lezgian 356
Lhasa Tibetan 342
Lillooet 521
Lillooet Salish 343
Limbu 375, 418
Lisu 86, 87
Lithuanian 526, 530, 565, 576, 584
Livonian 585
Lower Umpqua 338
Lowland Chontal 639
Luganda 256, 456
Maasai 397
Maithili 416–17
Makuchi 342
Malagasy 93, 255, 622, 661–2
Malak Malak 336, 341
Malay 20, 32, 256
Maltese 312, 456
Manam 218
Manchu 394
Mandarin, see Chinese, Mandarin
Manipuri 360, 361, 459–60
Mao Naga 447
Mapuche 324
Maranguku 336
Marathi 573
Margany 332
Mari 489
Maricopa 324
Marubo 330, 342
Maung 459
Mawng 514
Mayan languages 508
Maybrat 547–8
Mazatec 330–1
Mediterranean languages 582, 583
Meithei 336
Mesoamerican 573
Miraña 638
Mohave 308
Mohawk 340
Mongolian 394
Mopan Maya 604
Mordvin 311, 588
Motuna 318
Movima 418, 429
Muna 198–9
Mundari 92, 328, 338
Murinypata 341
Murle 496
Murrinh-Patha 179
Muyuw 455
N. Tepehuan 257 n. 3
Nadahup 637, 639, 641, 643, 646
Nadëb 255, 342, 345 n.
Nahuatl 395
Nahuatl, Classical 281, 292, 293–5, 301
Naisoi 342, 345
Nambiquara 343
Nanti 639
Narinjari 342
Navajo 340
Ndendeule 390
Ndumba 521
Nepali 400, 401, 404–5, 407, 414, 415, Table 19.2, 416, 422
New World 579–80
Nez Perce 544
Ngalakan 341
Ngandi 341
Nganhcara 330
Ngiyambaa 343
Nias 308
Niger-Kordofanian 117, Table 6.3
Niuean 256, 357
Nivkh (Gilyak) 388
Noon 338, 547–8
Nootkan 281, 288
North Straits Salish 328–9
Northern Russian Romani 575
Norwegian 72, 332
Nostratic 562
Nufor 97
Nyangumarta 341
Oceanic 573
Ocotopec Mixtec 481
Oirata 428–9, 442
Ojibwa (Central) 409–10, 418, 424–5
Old World 579–80
Oneida 342
Oregon Coast 579
Oromo 308
Oroqen 483–5
Ossetic 587
Paamese 522
Pacific 575, 579
Paiwan 336
Palauan 338
Palikur 336
Panare 255
Panyjima 338
Papago 340
Papua New Guinean 107, 573, 581
Papuan languages 512, 581, 581 n.
Päri 342, 463
Pashto 587
Persian 84, Table 11.1, 214, Table 11.2, 220, 356, 357, 362, 587, 622
Pintupi 341
Pirahã 470–1
Pitjantjatjara 87–8, 330
Plains Cree 319
Polish 93, 333, 376, 376 n. 9, 377, 393, 612–13
Ponapean 338
Portuguese 104
Proto-Indo-European 397, 553–4, 555, 556, 557–8, 558 n. 9, 561, 564–5
Puma 411
Quechua 14, 299, 395, 511, Figure 23.3
Rembarnga 341
Romance 320, 453, 459 n., 575
Rotuman 495
Roviana 312
Rumanian 306, 307, 325
Russian 65, 93, 104, 184, 201–2, Table 10.3, 310, 311, 373, 376, 377, 380, 381–2, 384, 385, 392, 393, 395 n., 397, 400, 446, 450–1, 456, 462, 462 n. 12, 489–90, Table 22.2, 493, 494–6, 525–6, 529, 530, 538, 575, 583, 585–6, Table 26.1, 605, 613
Sahaptin (Umatilla) 342, 412
Salinan 336
Sami 586
Samoan 304, 317, 462
Sanskrit 217, 218, 370, 371, 372, 374, 388–9, 436, 560, 565
Savosavo 512
Sema 338
Semelai 342, 345
Semitic 20, 32, 33
Serbian/Croatian/Bosnian 194–6
Serbo-Croatian 511, Figure 23.3, 512, 514, 597
Seri 433
Sesotho 611, 615
Sotho 546
Sotho-Tswana 543–4
Sharanahua 477
Shipibo-Conibo 332
Shona 310
Siamese 19
Sierra Popoluca 342
Sinhala 56, 360, 361
Sinhalese 256
Sino-Tibetan 608 n. 4
Siuslaw 579
Slavic 104, 450 nn. 6 & 7, 451, 463, 583, 584, 586, 600, 608, 613
Slavic, Old 17
Songhai 394
South-Asia 575
South Eastern Pomo 332, 336, 342
South-eastern Tepehuan 338, 343
Southern Agaw 460
Southern Cushitic 106
Spanish 14, 16 n., 17, 22, 28, 103, 104, 149, 158, 159, 214, Table 11.2, 256, 456, 497–8, 573, 599, 607, 608, 621, 627, 629
Squamish 340
Straits Salish 495, 531
Suena 325
Sumerian 336, 342
Sundanese 537
Sursurunga 455
Swahili 312, 456
Swedish 14, 94, 185–6, Figure 9.6, 214, Table 11.2, 318, 332, 379, 397, 585–6, Table 26.1, 587, 588, 623, 625, 627, 633
Taba 636
Tabasaran 306, 341
Tagalog 281, 292, 408–9, 410, 418, 421, 425, 426 n., 429, 430, 431
Tajik 570–1, 574, 587
Takelma 36
Takia 573
Tamil 454
Tariana 573
Tashlhiyt 546
Tauya 341, 412
Tepehuan 343
Thai 72, 157, 162, 255, 328, 538, 539
Tibeto-Burman 523
Tidore 512
Tigak 338
Tiriyo 324
Tiwi 340
Tlingit 342
Toba Batak 622
Tocharian 560
Trumai 330, 342, 343
Tsakhur 343, 519
Tsez 306
Tsou 342
Tübatulabal 644
Tubu 474
Tunebo 332
Tupinamba 320
Turkana 308
Turkic 454, 570–1, 574
Turkish 17, 19, 20, 29, 30, 72, 80, 87–8, 184, 310–11, 317, 318, 377, 395 n., 400, 426, 542, Table 24.4, 544, 573–4, 575, 593, 597, 600, 607
Tuscan 12
Tuscarora 288
Tutelo 345
Tuvan 387, 394
Tzeltal 520, Figure 23.6
Tzeltal Mayan 610
Tzotzil 170, 514
Udehe 397
Udihe 473–4
Uradhi 332
Uralic 395, 584–5, 586
Uralo-Altaic 19, 28
Urdu 573
Urubu-Kaapor 256
Usan 436
Ute 310
Uto-Aztecan 395, 461
Uzbek 570–1, 574
Vafsi 587
Vaupes multilingual region 570
Vedic 391
Vietnamese 157, 162, 328
Walmathari 341
Walpiri 341, 343
Wangaybuwan 342
Wappo 332
Warekena 328, 342, 637
Warembori 353–4
Wari 335, 336
Waris 360–1
Warlpiri 427, 605;
see also Walpiri
Warnman 328, 341
Warrgamay 524
Washo 343
Waskia 573
Welsh 14, Table 11.1, 218–19, 255, 379
West Greenlandic, see Greenlandic
Wichita 340, 342, 345
Wikchamni 332
Woleaian 329, 338
Wolof 354–5, 457
Worombori 390
Xokleng 332
Yagua 254, 257 n. 3, 342, 448–9
Yakut 394
Yamphu 344
Yapese 338
Yaqui 332
Yava 342
Yélî Dnye 430–1, 519
Yessan Mayo 336
Yidiñ 352, 357, 358
Yidiny 332, 527;
see also Yidiñ
Yimas 340
Yongning Na 639
Yoruba 470, 537, 538, 539, 543, 544, 545, 546
Yucatec 424, 433
Yuchi 342
Yuhup 646
Yukaghir 114
Yulbaridja 341
Yupik 342, 343, 406, 427
Yurok 411–12
Yuruk-are 324
Yuwaalaraay 343
Zaiwa 343
Zaozou 326–7
Zapotec 609
Zuni 332