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date: 17 October 2019

(p. 1003) Index

(p. 1003) Index

Abba, Isaac 584
Aberbach, D. 529
Aboab, Isaac 236
abortion 72
Aboud, Nissim 584
Abraham ben Azriel 222
Abraham ben David (Rabad) 230
Abraham ben Isaac Asa 583
Abraham ben Isaac of Narbonne 230
Abraham ibn Daud 225, 277
Abraham ibn Ezra 322, 506, 688–9, 699
Abraham of Babylon 508
Abramovitsh, Sh. Y. 626
Abramson, G. 898–9
Abramson, Sh. 225, 226, 228, 229
˒Abu ˒alFaraj Harun ˒Ibn ˒alFaraj 318, 509
Abulafia, Abraham 725–6
messianism 715–16
Academy of the Hebrew Language 495, 511
Acco Theatre Center 885, 886
Addison, L. 979
Adelman, H. E. 366
Adler, E. N. 614
Adrianus, Matheus 504
Aggadic literature 124, 271, 272, 274, 275–6
Agranat, S. 452
agriculture 91–2, 457
Aguilar, G. 771–2
Ahad Ha˓am 519–20, 648
Aharon ben Moshe ben Asher 304, 508
Aharoni, A. 560
Ahima˓az ben Paltiel 246, 279–80
Albeck, H. 118, 121, 230, 271
Albeck, S. 230, 652
Alcuin 503
Alexander, D. 893
Alexander, T. 286–7, 585
Alexander Polyhistor 69–70, 71
Alexandrian Jewry 55, 70, 71
Alfasi, Isaac 226, 228
Alfassi, David Ben Abraham see David Ben Abraham Alfassi
Alfi, Y. 894
Algeria 334–5
allegories 869
Allen, W. 933
Alliance Israélite Universelle (AIU) 334, 381, 635, 977
Allony, N. 226
Almadari, Judah 231
Almosnino, Moses 583
Alon, G. 83–90, 91
on law 89–90
nationalism 85–7
reviewed by Urbach 88–9
Aloni, N. 886, 887, 892, 896
Alphabeth of Ben Sira 273, 276, 286
Alter, R. 529, 623
Alterman, N. 886
Alveltlikhn Yidishn Kultur-Kongress 876
Amama, Sixtinus 505
American Historical Association 475
American Jewish Archives, Cincinnati 484
American Jewish Committee 477–8, 993
American Jewish Historical Society 473, 474, 479, 480, 633
conferences sponsored by 484
Saul Viener Prize 483
American Jewish history 471–87
Canadian 482
differentiation between American and Jewish history 475–6
duality of American Jewry 471–2
early development of 471–80
gender studies 481, 482
(p. 1004)
immigration to United States 477–8, 480, 483, 487
journals 484, 486
late 20th century development of 480–7
Latin American 482
master narrative 482–3
place of Jews in 20th century American history 472–5
Sephardi forerunners 476–7
social/cultural history 479, 481
tercentenary of Jewish presence in America 476–7, 480
women's history 481, 482, 483, 486
American Jewish History Center, Jewish Theological Seminary 476
American Yiddish 630
American Yiddish Poetry 559–60
Americanized Wissenschaft Hebrew (AWH) 510
Amram, Gaon 734
Amutat Sefarad 595
Al-Andalus
Hebrew, study of 506–7
poetry 262, 263, 264, 265, 266
Anan ben David 303, 314
Andalusian school 245
Andrew of St Victor 499
androcentrism, in women's studies 776–81
Anglo-Jewish Association 381–2
Anglo-Jewry 334, 385, 386–7
animal tales 961
Ankawe, A. 591
An-Ski, Sh. (Ansky; Solomon Rappoport) 883, 979
anthropology 980, 991–2
and assimilation 989–90
definition of 981
Anti-Defamation League, New York 944
anti-Semitism
American 485
Arab 208–9
and films 927, 928
in Germany 946, 948
and Holocaust 380, 416, 417–18, 426
and Latin American Jewry 482
in Poland 948–9
racial 982–3, 988
western and central Europe, modern period 377, 379–80
anti-Semitism research 943–53
comparative studies 950–1
definition of 947–8
in Germany 943, 944
in Israel 943–4
psychology and psychoanalysis theories 950
research methods 946–7
social history of 951–2
tradition of 947–8
Antiochus IV Epiphanes 37, 43
anusim see conversos
Apocalypse of Abraham 56
apocalypticism 59–61, 66–7, 68
Apocrypha 40, 43, 44, 54, 55–6, 58, 68
at Qumran 66–7
apologetic literature 71–3
Aptowitzer, A. 222, 656
Aptroot, Marion 547
Arab Jewries 343–4, 345
anti-Semitism 208–9
Arbel, M. 595
archaeology 826–7, 832–3, 840–1
as adjunct to written texts 40–1
biblical scholarship, impact on 19–20
Kefar Nahum 103
synagogues 826–7, 832–3, 837
Talmud period 80, 88, 98, 103–6
architecture 43, 832–3
central issues 834–46
definition of 829–30
Hellenization 837–8
local influences on 842–3
synagogues 103, 833, 840–1, 842
archive studies 158
Eretz Israel 450, 452–3, 461–2
Holocaust 415, 418–19, 425, 427–8
Judaeo-Arabic 608–9
Judaeo-Spanish 594–5
Area Studies Hebrew (ASH) 511
Arei, Y. 885
Arendt, H. 416, 779
Argentina 635–7
(p. 1005) Arias Montano, Benito 503
Aristobolus 70, 72
Aronson, I. M. 404
art 43, 824–46
Bet Alpha 826, 828, 833, 834, 835, 838, 843
central issues 834–46
definition of 829–30
Dura Europos 41, 826, 828, 835–6, 839, 843, 845
figurative 88, 98–9, 843–4
Hammat Tiberias 826, 827, 835
Hellenization 836–9
influence of local context 842–3
Jewish-Christian nexus 839–40
late antiquity 826–9
modern era 825
recognition as discipline in Jewish Studies 824–9
Sepphoris 834, 836
symbolism 98–9, 831–2, 834–5
in synagogues 826, 831–2, 838, 842, 844–6
types of remains 830–3
Art Theatre 882
Artapanus 70
Artemidorus of Daldis 962
Artzi, E. 894
Arzooni, O.-G. 921–2
Ascension of Isaiah 58
Ashkenasy, N. 530, 531
Ashkenazi Jewry 227, 331, 335, 339
early modern period 364
Hasidim 148, 150, 151, 709, 710–11, 714
medieval 156–7, 158, 160, 166, 171
origins 556
liturgy and customs 223, 234, 253
piyyutim 222, 244–5, 253
responsa 657, 659, 660
Ashman, A. 884
Ashtor, E. 211, 225
Asia Minor 37, 80
Assaf, S. 659–60
assimilation 171, 376, 406
and anthropology 989–90
Association for Jewish Studies 5, 22
Aubigné, Agrippa d' 503
Augustine, saint 209
Auschwitz 423, 427
Austrian Israelite Union 381
autobiographies 407, 423, 449
Ave-Lallemant, F. C. B. 542
Averroism 173–4
Avi-Yonah, M. 88, 90, 829, 838
Avigad, N. 829
Avigal, Sh. 896, 898
Avineri, Sh. 448
Avisar, S. 880, 932
Axelrod, N. 918, 920
Ba˓al Makhshoves 622–3
Ba˓al Shem Tov, Israel (Besht) 722, 723, 965
Babel, I. 626, 628
Babylonia 37, 109–10, 159
Bacher, W. 614
Bacon, Roger 504
Baer, Y. F. 84, 86, 210–11, 226
on Ashkenazi Hasidim 148, 150
Bahir 712, 713, 714
Balaban, A. 529, 531, 532, 535, 537
Balaban, M. 399, 400
Balkans 331, 334, 339, 343, 344–5
Band, A. 529, 530
Bar Kokhba Revolt 80, 104, 491
Bar-Yosef, Y. 887
Bar-Zohar, M. 449
Bareket, E. 212
al-Bargeloni, Judah 230
Barnai, J. 372
Baron, D. 534
Baron, S. W. 278, 328
in America 510, 544
on American Jewish history 472–4, 475
on East European Jewry 401, 402
on sociology 985, 990
Barrios, Levi de 584
Bartal, I. 403–4
Baruch 55, 56, 58, 61
Bat-Ye'or (pseudonym of Giselle Littmann) 328
Bavli see Talmud Bavli
Becker, H.-J. 131
Bede, saint 503, 504
Beer-Sheva Theatre 885
(p. 1006) Beeri, L. 922
Beit-Arié, M. 232
Beit Lessin Theatre, Tel Aviv 885
Belgium 504, 505, 510
Belkin, A. 881
Bellow, S. 623, 631
Ben-Amos, E. 901
Ben-Ari, R. 899
Ben Asher family 508
Ben-Avi, I. 494
Ben-Dov, Y. 916–17
Ben Elazar, Jacob 506
Ben Ezra Rabbanite synagogue 196, 299–300
Ben-Gurion, D. 449–50
diaies 449, 451, 462
Ben-Menahem, H. 653, 669
Ben Saruq, Menahem 506
Ben-Sasson, M. 211–12, 228
Ben-Shammai, B. 233
Ben-Shaul, N. 923
Ben Sira 55, 56
Ben Veniste, Rafael Isaac Meir 584
Ben-Yehuda, E. 494, 495
Ben-Yehuda, H. 912–13
Ben-Zvi, L. 895–7
Benardete, M. J. 331
Benbassa, E. 331
Bendayan de Bendelac, A. 594
Benedict, B. Z. 230
Benjamin al-Nihāwendī 303, 304, 314, 317
Benjamin of Tudela 193, 965
Benoliel, J. 591, 594
Benor, S. B. 589–90
Benzimra, E. C. 652
Berdyczewski, M. J. (Bin-Gorion) 275–6, 520, 971
Berechiah ha-Nakdan 247, 285
Beregovski, M. 552
Berlin, C. 235
Bermuda Conference (1943) 427
Bernfeld, Sh. 141–2
Bernfeld, S. 758
Berril, C. 931
Beshtian Hasidism 372
bestiaries 247
Bet Alpha synagogue 826, 828, 833, 834, 835 838, 843
Beza, Th. 503
Bialik, H. N. 250, 253–4, 256, 520, 521, 622, 971
translation for theatre 883, 884, 890
Bible 63
Deuteronomy 65, 315–16
Exodus 26, 236, 319
Genesis 61, 236
Leviticus 14–20, 24, 65
translations 69, 203, 501, 690–2
Zechariah 53, 31315
see also Hebrew Bible
bible interpretation 69–70, 73, 88, 680–700
allegories 689
and Christian interpretation 685, 686–8
commentaries 684–5, 688–9, 692–3
compendia 696–7
contemporary models of study 694–8
interpretation, levels of 697–8
interpreters and schools 696
in northern France 684–5
origins of 680–3
PaRDeS 698
patterns of exegetical culture 683–94
plain sense of Scripture 15, 685, 686
rationalist approach 690
Saadiah Gaon 683–4
topics 695–6
translations 690–2
biblical commentaries 242, 584
Biblical Hebrew (BH) 23, 491, 492, 497, 498, 507
Biblical Studies 14–32
archaeological evidence 19–20
Jewish scholars and 20–3
Jewish Studies, integration with 26–9
Leviticus 14–20, 24, 65
and rabbinic literature 23–5
bibliographical studies 121–2, 153, 231–2, 235, 256–7, 267–8, 269
Biblioteca Palatina, Parma 232
Bickerman, E. 42
Bin-Gorion, M. J. see Berdyczewski, M. J.
bioethics 663
(p. 1007) Birnbaum, P. 987
Blanc, H. 610
Blau, J. 609
Bloch, M. 647
blood libel 164, 166–8, 334, 380
Boas, F. 981, 989
Boccaccini, G. 37, 60
Bokher, Elye see Levita, Elijah
Bonfil, R. 279–80, 366
Bonné, A. 447
Book of Tears 141–3
Borges, J. L. 624
Borisov, A. 608
Borokhov, B. 543
Boyarin, D. 108, 133–4, 786
Bracciolini, P. 499
Bracher, K.-D. 413
Bradford, William 505
Brann, R. 264
Brauer, E. 970–1
Brazil 482, 637
Brecht, B. 736
Bregman, D. 262
Bregman, M. 838
Brennan, T. 518
Brenner, A. 782
Brenner, Y. H. 520–1
Breuer, E. 16, 17
Brewster, William 505
Bridenbaugh, C. 475
Brinkley, Richard 504
Brit Shalom 994
Brody, H. 252, 253
Broshi, M. 95
Bruni Aretino, Leonardo 499
Buber, M. 400, 464, 977, 982, 984, 994–5
on Hasidism 723, 726, 727
on the kibbutz movement 456
Buber, S. 229
Buber-Rosenzweig Bible translation 691
Bucer, Martin 502–3
Bukhvald, N. 876
Buksboim, Y. 220
Bunis, D. M. 582, 585, 588, 593, 594
Bureau of Jewish Statistics 977
Burstyn, I. 922
Busleiden, Jerome 504
Buxtorf, Johann 501, 542, 978
Byzantium 160–1, 236
Cahan, A. 630
Cairo Genizah 68, 196–7, 206, 221, 226
ancient Palestinian liturgy 234
and Ben-Ezra Rabbanite Synagogue 299
Damascus Document 68, 300
Gaonic legal texts 654–5
Judaeo-Arabic manuscripts 608, 610, 614
Judah ha-Levi, life of 268–9
medieval poetry and piyyut 267–8
Taylor-Schechter collection 608, 610
and women's studies 786
Calvin, Jean 502, 503
Cameri Theatre 884–5, 886, 887, 888, 900–2
Canada 482
Canpanton, I. 236
cantigas 587–8
Capito, W. 502
Carasso, J. 589
Cardoso, I. 370
Carmel Film Company 920
Carné, M. 931
Carvajal the Elder, Luis de 633–4
Carvajal the Younger, Luis de (El Iluminado) 633, 634–5
Caselius, Gregor 502
Catharism 150, 159, 714
censuses 811–12
Central Asian Jewries 343, 344
Central European Jewry 368–9
Centralverein 381
ceremonies 958
Chajes, Z. H. 645
Chaplin, C. 930
Charles, R. H. 54
Charlesworth, J. H. 57
Chavel, C. 227
Chazan, R. 278
Cherezli, S. Y. 594
Cherikover, I. M. 400, 401
Chevallier, A. 503
Childs, B. 26, 27
Chilton, N. 885, 887
Chmielnicki Uprising (1648) 397, 721
Choueka, A. 226
(p. 1008) Christendom, medieval Jewry in 153–81
Christian Hebraists 3, 367, 503, 644, 978–9
Christiani, Paulo 503
Christianity
art and architecture 836–40
bible interpretation 685, 686–8
cultural values 170–2
interreligious polemics 168–9, 208–10
Jewish Christians 41, 46
Jewish culture, influence on 147–51
legislation against Jews 160–3
medieval Jewish attitude to 169–70
persecution of Jews 163–6
religious texts, preservation of 38
similarities with Judaism 58, 282–3
chronicles 278, 279–80, 281
Chronicles 17–18
Chrysander, Wilhelm Christian Justus 542
Ciment, M. 931–2, 934
Circle of Contemplation 712–14
Cirignano de Lucca, Giovanni 499
Classical Biblical Hebrew (CBH) 492, 493
Clement of Alexandria 69
Cohen, A. A. 765
Cohen, B. 666
Cohen, G. D. 225, 277
Cohen, H. 332, 511
Cohen, M. 328
Cohen, M.A. 633, 634–5
Cohen, Sh. 104, 105
collaboration 414, 424–6
colonialism 334–5, 977
commentaries 26, 62, 65, 122–3, 686, 692–3
Bible 242, 313–16, 319, 584
Mishnah 607
al-Qūmisī 305–6, 307, 311
talmudic 220, 227, 229, 231
Torah 220
Tosafists 235–6
Tosefta 122
Community Rule (Dead Sea scrolls) 68
concentration camps 422–3
Constantine the Great 160–1
conversos 169, 174, 177, 178–81, 330–1, 339, 371, 576, 580, 591, 584
see also marranos
Cook, M. 302
coplas 587–8
Cordovero, Moses 718
Corinaldi, M. 652
cosmology 709, 735-6, 743-4 749–50
Cotton, H. 107
Council of Jewish Federations 993
Crémieux, I. A. 335
Crisps, C. 930–1
Cross, F. M. 63, 66
Cruciger the Elder, Caspar 502
Crusades 162, 165–6, 245
customs
folklore 958, 960, 962
in rabbinic literature 223, 234
Cutler, W. 134
Czerniakow, A. 430
Dalman, G. 859
Damascus affair (1840) 334
Damascus Document 68, 300
Dan, J. 141–51, 276–7, 711
Daniel 55, 68
Danzig, N. 233
Daube, D. 647, 649
David, Y. 880
David ben Abraham Alfassi 508, 509
David ben Abraham Maimuni 609
Davidon, Y. 914
Davidson, I. 251, 253
Dawidowicz, L. 328–9, 402
de Costesy, Henry 504
De Leon, Y. 236
Dead Sea (Qumran) scrolls 23, 46, 54, 55, 62–8, 74
apocalypticism 66–7, 68
discovery of 41
and karaism 300–2, 303–5
language of 491
pesharim 24, 62, 65, 68
Psalms scroll 24, 63
study of 62–4
Temple Scroll 63, 65
del Medigo, Elia 500
Delitzsch, F. 249
Demetrius 70
demography 406, 797–821, 977 (p. 1009)
applied uses 797–8, 819–21
causation in 804–5
comparative nature of population study 800–2
contemporary patterns of change 815–19
continuity/erosion issues 803–4
core/periphery issues 804, 816
data sources 809–12
definition of Jewish identity 806–9, 816
distinctiveness/conformity issues 802–3
ethnicity 799–800
historical patterns of change 813–15
investigative focus issues 802
Israel/diaspora issues 804
methodological issues 798–9, 806–13
minority/majority issues 802
policies 819–20
population composition 798–9, 805
population trends 798, 801, 811–12, 814–15, 816
quantitative/qualitative issues 803
race/environment issues 802
research resources 812–13
structural/cultural determinants 803, 805–6
substantive patterns 813–19
teaching of 820–1
deportations 419–20, 422, 429
Der pinkes (The Record Book) 543
Derenbourg, J. 607
de'Sommi Portaleone, Leone 871–2, 881
diaries
Ben Gurion 449, 451, 462
Holocaust 414, 418, 430
theatre 916–17
diaspora 80, 534
Babylonian 37, 109–10
Hellenistic 71
Judaism 69–71
and problem of ageing 818
diaspora literatures 621–39
Babel (Russian) 626, 628
definition of Jewish literature 621–5
duality of 621–3, 625
Greek 71–2
Holocaust, impact of 629–30
Inquisition, impact of 633–4
Kafka (German) 624, 626–7
Latin America 632–8
literary criticism 638
North America 630—2
Schulz (Polish) 626, 627–8
translations 638–9
Diaspora Nationalism 542, 544
and Yiddish Studies 552
and YIVO 544
Diaspora Revolt 79–80
Diaz-Mas, Paloma 331
Dimitrovsky, Hayyim Zalman 227
Dinaburg see Dinur, Ben-Zion
Dinari, Y. 224, 368
Diner, H. 480, 481
Dinnerstein, L. 480
Dinur (Dinaburg), B. Z. 82–3, 143–4, 400–1, 451–2
Dionysius of Halicarnassus 73
D'Israeli, Isaac 625
Divinity School Hebrew (DSH) 510
divorce 157, 644, 663, 773, 786
diwans 250, 252, 265, 268
Dizengoff, M. 914
Documentary Hypothesis 16, 25
dogmatics 651, 662–4
Don-Yehiya, E. 459
Dora Teitelboim Foundation 560
Dowty, A. 465
drama
Holocaust 886
Judaeo-Spanish Studies 584–5
ritual as 750–1
social and political drama 886–7
universal-Existentialist drama 887–8
see also theatre
dreams, interpretation of 962–3
Drory, R. 264
Droyanov, A. 450
Drusius, Johann 505
Dubnow, S. 399, 985
DuBois, E. C. 486
Dunaŝ ben Labrat 243, 506
Dura Europos synagogue 41, 826, 828, 835–6, 839, 843, 845
Durkheim, É. 981, 986–8
(p. 1010) Duvshani, M. 880
Dvir publishing house 254
Eastern European Jewry 335
and anti-Semitism 947–8
emigration 397
and folklore 398, 966, 968, 970
and Hasidism 398, 399, 400, 401
and Haskalah 398, 401
memoirs and autobiographies 407
modern period (1750–1939) 396–408
pogroms 404
Polish Jewry 396, 397, 400, 401
Russian Jewry 396, 404
scholarship, history of 398–405
scholarship, lacunae in 405–7
Soviet-Jewish scholarship 398–400, 401
United States scholarship 402, 403
Wissenschaft des Judentums 398
Zionism 402
economics, Talmud period 93
ecstatic kabbalah 715–16
Edrei, A. 652–3
education 334
Eretz Israel 458–60
Haskalah 979
Judaeo-Spanish 574, 575
medieval 157
Talmudic period 94–5
Efron, J. 983
Egypt 37, 38 69, 193, 243, 331: see also Cairo Genizah
Eibeschütz, J. 721
Eichmann, A. 419
Eisenbach, A. 401
Eisenstadt, Sh. N. 447, 453, 995
Eisenstein, Y. D. 273
Elazar, D. 464–5
Elazar ben Asher ha-Levi 274, 281
Elbogen, I. 740, 741, 748–9
Elboim-Dror, R. 458
Eldad-Sheib, I. 890
Eleazar of Worms, Rabbi 157
Eliash, B. Z. 652
Elijah, Gaon 645
Elijah the Second of Trani 229
Ellenson, D. 749
Elliott, M. 60
Elon, A. 457, 459
Elon, M. 233, 652, 653–4, 665–6, 667, 669
emancipation 333, 377–8, 379, 388
Emanuel, S. 222–3, 224, 230, 231, 655–6
Emden, Jacob 721
emigration 397, 575
England 176
Hebrew Studies 504–5
Jewish Studies in 10
Yiddish Studies 548, 557, 558–9
Englard, Y. 666
Enoch 56, 58, 59, 61, 68
Astronomical Book of 60
Similitudes (Parables) 57, 66
Ephraim of Kale Hamad 228
Epstein, J. N. 120–1, 221–2, 128, 630
Erasmus of Rotterdam 500
Erder, Y. 301–2
Erens, P. 927
Eretz Israel 445–66
basis for research 446–7
biographies 449–50, 452–3
criticism and revisionism 460–3
diaries 451, 462
foundation of settlements 451
histories of 447–9, 451
ideological debate 447–8
immigration history 453–5
increased interest in 445–6
journals 446
as Jewish state 464–6
kibbutz movement 455–7, 461
publications 446
Eretz-Israel Theatre 882
Erik, M. 874
Erpenius, Thomas 505
Esdras 55
Eshkol (Shkolnik), L. 452
Essenes 46, 62
Ester Rokhl Kaminska Teater Musey 879
Esther 55
Estraikh, G. 548
ethnography 978–9
(p. 1011) ethnology 854, 859, 981
Etkes, I. 404
Ettinger, Sh. 401, 652
Eupolemus 70
European Association for Jewish Studies 5
European Genizah 229, 232
European Jewry
Central European Jews 368–9
early modern period (1492–1750) 363–72
emancipation 377
German Hebraists 367
German Jews 368–9
intellectual history 366–7
kabbalah 367
messianism 371–2
Muslim Spain 364
Renaissance Italy 364, 365–6, 367
Sephardic diaspora in western Europe 369–71
Eusebius 69
Evian Conference (1938) 427
evil 60, 164, 712
Evron, B. 465
Evron, G. 886
Ewald, H. 510
exilarchate 109, 303, 316
Exodus 26, 236, 319
expulsions 154, 174, 176–7, 718
extermination camps 421, 422, 423, 428
EYDES Project 561
Ezekiel 70
Ezra 58, 60, 61
Ezrahi, Y. 456
Fabian, Johannes 980
fables 247, 285–6
Fabre d'Olivet, Antoine 510
Fagius 503
family life 157–8, 781
Fass, P. 486
Faur, J. 658–9
Feierstein, R. 635
Feiner, S. 365
Feingold, B.-A. 893, 897
Feingold, H. 480
Feldman, L. H. 73
Feldman, Y. 531
Feliks, Y. 91–2
Felix Posen Bibliographic Project 944
feminism
in America 992
first-wave 771–2, 781, 782
literary 530–1, 534, 554–5
and modern Hebrew literature 530–1, 534, 537–8
Second Temple criticism 74
second-wave 770, 772–3, 781, 782
Ferrara Bible 581, 582
Ferro, M. 931
festivals 958, 962
Fichman, Y. 890
Ficowski, J. 627
Fiebig, P. 125
Fifth Zionist Congress 982
film industry 552
and Holocaust 919, 922, 928–9, 932–3
film studies, Israeli 912–25
academic writing on 921–5
cinema periods and film genres 912–20
documentaries 919, 920
feature films 919
film reviews 913, 914, 917–18
Holocaust and 919, 922
magazines 919, 920–1, 922
movie theatres 912–13, 915–16, 917–18
publications 912–13
Zionism and 924
film studies, Jewish 925–35
anti-Semitism 927, 928
categorization of 925–6
cinema periods and film genres 930–3
creators of cinema 933–4
definition, difficulty of 925
Holocaust and 928–9, 932–3
Jewish presence 934–5
Jewish sources for films 934
national cinema industries 926–30
Final Solution 413, 416, 420–4
Finkelstein, H. 914
Finkelstein, I. 95
Finkelstein, L. 44, 743–4, 990
Fiorenza, E. S. 660
Firkovitch, A. 298, 607–8
(p. 1012) Firkovitch collections 298, 300, 607–8, 609, 614
Fischel, H. A. 124
Fischel, W. 344
Fishbane, M. 25, 650
Fishberg, M. 989–90
Fisher, J. 504
Fishman, D. 548
Fleischer, E. 234, 257, 258, 265–8, 748
Flusser, D. 125, 280–1
Foerster, G. 838
folk literature 274–5, 588, 957–62, 965, 968–9
epic poetry 957–8
folk poetry 962
folk tales 588, 957, 960–1
functional poetry 958
legends 957, 959, 961–2
lyrical poetry 957
minor genres 958–62
poetry 957–8
proverbs 958, 959–60, 962
riddles 958, 960, 961
folk songs 859
folktales 588, 957
folk theatre 874–5; see also Purimspiel
folklore 956–72, 981, 985
animal tales 961
anonymity 957
army 968
in the Bible 959–60
ceremonies 958
characteristics 956–7
collectivity 956–7
cultural creativity and expression of 956–9
customs 958, 960, 962, 963, 964
as discipline 969–72
dreams, interpretation of 962–3
East European 966, 968, 970, 971
epic poetry 957–8
festivals 958, 962, 967
folk art 958, 960
folk literature 957–8
folk music 854, 857, 859, 861
folk poetry 962
folk tales 588, 957, 960–1
functional poetry 958
German influences 964
hagiography 961, 965, 968–9
hasidic movement 965–6
Hebrew 273–5
history of 959–69
influence of 978–80
under Islam 966
Israel 967–8, 971
of Jewish women 966
legends 957, 959, 961–2
lyrical poetry 957
material culture 962
medieval 963–4
Mediterranean region 966, 968, 970
minor genres 958–62
Morocco 968–9
mourning, culture of 968
mysticism 965
North Africa 960, 965, 968–9
orality 957
oriental influences 963
pilgrimages 964–5, 968
poetry 957–8, 962
proverbs 958, 959–60, 962
in rabbinic literature 960–3
riddles 958, 960, 961
rituals 958
and sociology 980, 985
tradition 957
United States 967
West European 966
YIVO 970
Forman, Z. 583
Förster (Christian Hebraist) 503
Foucault, M. 931
foundation myths 159–60
Fox, R. 504
Fraenkel, Y. 124
France 247, 322
Collège de France 502, 510
communities in 156–7
expulsions from 176–7
film industry 930–2, 934
Hebrew language in 502–3, 510
integration in 987
Jewish Studies in 10, 11
kabbalah in 150
(p. 1013)
medieval 150, 155, 156–7, 158
rabbinic literature 221–4
Tosafists 227
Yiddish Studies in 548, 558
Francus, I. 226
Frank, A. 430
Frank, J. 932
Frank, Jacob 721
Frankel, J. 403
Frankel, Z. 121, 646–7
Frankfurt Institute for Social Research 946
Frankfurt School 988
Frankism 721
Frazer, J. G. 980
Freimann, A. 648
Frerichs, E. 15
Freudenthal, J. 71
Friedland, E. L. 749
Friedländer, M. 71
Friedman, M. 466
Friedman, M. A. 231, 237
Friedman, S. 119, 123
Friling, T. 463
Fuchs, E. 531
Funkenstein, A. 378
Gabai, Y. 900
Gal-Ezer, J. 924
Galicia 381, 406
Galinsky, Y. 658
Gans, Eduard 646
Gaster, M. 274–5
Gattegno, E. 593, 594
Geddes, A. 502
Geertz, C. 734, 749
Geiger, A. 18, 25, 195, 283, 300, 764
Gelis, J. 235–6
Gelli, Giovanni Battista 499
gender issues, in theatre 898
gender relations 284
gender studies 108, 369, 371, 406
American Jewry 481, 482
and women's studies 780–1
genealogy of mysticism 705–24
Genesis Apocryphon 64, 67, 74
Geneva Academy 503
Genizah 268
European 229, 232, 655–6
material on Maimonides 237
Princeton Genizah Project 213
see also Cairo Genizah
Gerber, D. 486
Gerber, J. 329, 331
Gerchunoff, A. 635, 636
German Hebraists 367
Germany 3–4, 368–9, 387
anti-Semitism 946, 948
anti-Semitism research 943, 944
blood libel 167
Book of Memory 281
Hebrew language in 501–2
Hebrew literature 246–7
Jewish Studies in 10
medieval 155, 156, 167
rabbinic literature 221–4
Yiddish Studies in 547–8, 557
Gerondi, Jonah 227
Gersonides (Levi ben Gerson, Ralbag) 762
Gertz, N. 923, 924
Gesenius, H. F. W. 509–10
Gessen, I. 399
Gezer Calendar 491
ghettos 177–8, 420, 422, 989
Gikatilla, Joseph 712
Gikatilla, Moses ben Samuel ha-Kohen 507
Gil, M. 303–5
Gilbert, M. 328, 448
Ginsberg, H. L. 21
Ginsburg manuscript (Moscow) 252
Ginzberg, L. 122, 273–4, 646, 985
Ginzburg, N. 624
Ginzburg, S. 399
Girgus, S. B. 932
Gitelman, Z. 403
Glenn, S. 483
Gnosticism 150, 707, 708, 712, 714
Goido, I. see Schiffer, I.
Goitein, Sh. D. (Fritz) 970, 994
Cairo Genizah 196, 197, 201, 211, 608, 786
interfaith Utopia 195, 200–1
Golb, N. 609
Goldberg, A. 125, 876
Goldfaden, A. 873, 875
(p. 1014) Goldman, B. M. 835
Goldschmidt, E. D. 746–7
golems 709, 965
Gómez, E. 584
Goodenough, E. R. 70, 96, 828, 835, 845
on art 98–9
Goodman, J. 485–6
Goodman, M. 104, 105–6
Gordon, M. 990
Goren, A. 480
Gorin, B. 877
Gorny, Y. 448
Gover, Y. 515
Graboïs, A. 277–8
Graeco-Roman world 41–2, 134
Graetz, H. 81, 302, 363–4, 742, 714, 786, 985
on messianism 372
Graf-Wellhausen hypothesis 16, 25
Great Arab Revolt 918
Greek Jewry 339, 345
Greek culture, impact on Judaism 42–3, 98–9
literature of 54, 71–2
Green, N. 931
Green, W. S. 134–5
Greenbaum, A. A. 399
Greenberg, J. 497
Greenberg, L. 402
Greenberg, M. 27–8
Greengus, S. 24
Grégoire, Henri 979
Gregory of Huntingdon 504
Grinstein, H. B. 475
Gross, N. 923
Grosseteste, Robert 504
Grossman, A. 222–3, 236, 785–6
Gruen, E. 71
Grunwald, M. 859, 970, 979, 981
Güdemann, M. 282, 368
Guidacerius, Agathias 502
Gulak, A. 647–8, 652, 664
Gurock, J. 480
Guttmann, J. 762–3, 836
ha-Levi, Eliezer b. Yoel 656
ha-Levi, Judah (Halevy, Yehudah) 220, 243, 244, 250, 252, 254, 268–9, 580
Habermann, A. M. 253
Habsburg Empire 382–3
HaCohen, D. 595
Hadda, J. 631
Haggadah 581
Haggai 53
hagiography 161, 278–9, 287, 961, 965, 968–9
Hai, Gaon 225, 228, 247, 507–8
Haifa Municipal Theatre 885
Hakohen, N. Y. 234
halacha and law 643–69
academic methodology 646—8
Ashkenazic 656–8
biblical law 644, 649–50
bioethics 663
Cairo Genizah 654–5
Christian Hebraists 644
comparative approach 668–9
Conservative movement 646, 665
divorce 644, 663
dogmatic-analytic approach 664
dogmatic-historical approach 663–4, 665–6
dogmatics 651, 662–4
feminist methodologies 660–1
Gaonic legal texts 654–6
historical approaches to 649–61
historical-anthropological approach 660
Israel Supreme Court 665, 666–7
Jewish law in State of Israel 665–8
law of succession 644, 662–3
literary-rhetorical criticism of responsa 661
Lithuanian School 645
marriage 644, 664
medieval Jewish law 653–61
Mishpat Ivri school 652, 663–4, 665–6, 667, 669
Orthodox movement 644–6, 662
philosophical approach 669
Provencal 658, 659
rabbinical methodology 644–6
relationship with English law 666–7
scholarship, history of 644–8
(p. 1015)
Second Commonwealth and Talmudic law 650–3
Sephardi 658–9
Halbertal, M. 230–1
Halevy, M. 900
HaLevy, Yehudah see ha-Levi, Judah
Halivni, D. 123
Halperin, I. 401
Halpern, B. 448
Hameiri, A. 918
Hamishpat Haivri Society, Moscow 647
Hammat Tiberias synagogue 826, 827, 835
Hananel ben Hushiel 228
ha-Nasi, Yehudah (see Judah ha-Nasi)
Handelman, S. A. 134
Handlin, O. 477, 478–9, 990, 991
Hannover, N. 397
Hanoch, G. 899
Hanokh ben Mores 225
Hansen, M. 929
Halpern, M. L. 630
Harding, S. 502
Harel, Y. 920
Hariŝon, A. 509
Harkavy, Al. 558, 608
Harrán, D. 860
Harris, T. K. 574–5
Harshav, B. H. 525, 530, 557
Hart, M. 977, 983
Hary, B. 609
Hasday ibn Shaprut 243
Hasfari, Sh. 886
Hasidism 364, 722–4
Ashkenazi 148, 150, 151, 709, 710–11, 714
Buber on 723, 726, 727
Eastern European 398, 399, 400, 401
and messianism 723–4
and Yiddish Studies 553–4
Haskalah (Enlightenment) 364–5, 384–5, 493
Eastern European Jewry 398, 401
education, influence on 979
Hebrew literature, early development of 518
Jewish biblical scholarship in 16
and Sabbatianism 721
Hasmoneans 37, 43, 62
El-Hassan, Abu 913
Hatiŝbi, Isaac 509
Hayes, C. 131
Hayyūj, Yehuda 507
Hazony, Y. 464
Hebraists 3, 367, 501–3, 644, 978–9
Hebrew Bible 53, 63, 69
feminist criticism of 781–3
Masoretic text (MT) 16, 63, 64, 205, 508
Hebrew language 491–512
Americanized Wissenschaft Hebrew (AWH) 510
Ancient 491
Area Studies Hebrew (ASH) 511
Biblical Hebrew (BH) 491, 492, 497, 498, 507
Classical Biblical Hebrew (CBH) 492, 493
Divinity School Hebrew (DSH) 510
and Hegira 506–8
Israeli Hebrew (IH) 495, 497, 498, 511
Jewish Studies Hebrew (JSH) 511
Karaites and 205–6, 310–12, 508–9
Late Biblical Hebrew (LBH) 492
linguistic characterization 495–6
Medieval Hebrew (MdH) 492, 497
Mishnaic (Rabbinic) Hebrew (MH) 492, 496, 497–8
in modern era 509–12
and Muslim world 506–8
poetic 243
revival of 493–5
Semitic Philology Hebrew (SPH) 510
spoken 492, 493–4, 516
study of, in Christian world 498–505
Tarbut Ivrit Hebrew (TBH) 510–11
typology 496–8
Hebrew literature, medieval 241–88
Aggadic literature 124, 271, 272, 274, 275–6
Andalusian school 245, 268
Ashkenazic school 245
bestiaries 247
biblical commentary 242
biblical tales 283–4
Chronicle of Ahima˓az 279–80
chronicles 278, 279–80, 281
comparative approach 281–4, 286
(p. 1016)
diwans 250, 252, 265, 268
fables 247, 285–6
folklore 273–5, 284–7
genres, development of 266–7
hagiography 278–9, 287
and Haskalah 518
historiography 242, 277–81
Italian school 245
legends 273, 275–6
linguistics 242
liturgy 242
midrashim 245–6, 270–1, 272–3
Mimekor Yisrael 275, 276
mysticism 242
narrative 242, 244, 270–88
paytanim 242, 243, 249, 267, 268, 269
philosophy 242
place of Spain 265–6, 268
prophetic stories 284
religious law 242
secular poetry 207, 243–4, 251, 252, 253, 257–8, 268, 269
Sefer ha-Aggadah (The Book of Legends) 275–6
stories 242, 245–7, 276–8, 283
Hebrew Theatre 882.
Hebrew Union College 29–30
Hebrew University Law School 233
Hebrew University, Jerusalem 27, 28–9
Institute of lewish Studies 4, 5
research into East European Jewry 401
Hegira 506–8
Heikhalot mysticism 706–8, 717, 724
Heilman, S. 993
Heine, H. 622, 625
Heinemann, J. 124, 744–6
Hengel, M. 42, 45
Henschke, D. 652–3
Herberg, W. 990–1
Herbert of Bosham 504
Hertz, J. 692
Hertzberg, A. 448
Herzl, Th. 448, 457, 977
Herzlia Studios 920
Herzog, M. 403, 558
Hevrat Meqize Nirdamim 250
Heydrich, R. 419
Hezser, C. 107, 115–35
Himmler, H. 418, 419, 421, 423
Hirsch, Baron M. de 635
Hirsch, S. R. 646
Hirschberg, H. Z. 332
Hirschfeld, H. 608
Hirschfield, A. 537
Histadrut Labor Federation, Cinema Division 919
Hitler, A. 417, 418, 419, 420, 421–2
hodayoth 68, 74
Hoffman, S. 931
Hoffmann, D. Z. 14, 15–17, 19, 20
Hoffmann, M. 15
Holbeach, L. 504
Holocaust 143, 397, 412–33 575
and anti-Semitism 380, 416, 417–18, 426
Christian churches, attitudes of 427, 432
collaboration 414, 424–6
concentration camps 422–3
deportations 419–20, 422, 429
diaries 430
diaspora literature, impact on 629–30
drama 886
extermination camps 421, 422, 423, 428
and film industry 932–3
Final Solution 413, 416, 420–4
ghettos 420, 422
history of bystanders 412, 424–8, 432
history of perpetrators 412, 415–24
history of victims 412–13, 414, 429–31, 432
and Judaeo-Spanish, decline of 575
mass murder 420–1, 422, 423–4
memoirs 430–1
Nazism 415–17, 424
negationism 431–2
refugee policies 426–7
resistance of 429–30
stolen gold 425
and theatre 886, 897–8
Yiddish Studies, effect on 544, 545, 555–6
Yishuv and 463
homilies 127
(p. 1017) homosexuality 72
Hopkins, S. 609
Horowitz, Danny 887
Horowitz, David 447, 461
Houtman, Al. 132
Howe, I. 623, 631
HSSPF (Höhere SS und Polizeiführer) 419
Hugo of St Victor 499
Hurvitz, E. 231, 237
Husik, I. 759–60
ibn Adret, Solomon see Rashba
Ibn Daud, Abraham see Abraham ibn Daud
Ibn Ezra, Abraham see Abraham ibn Ezra
Ibn Ezra, Moses see Moses ibn Ezra
Ibn Gabirol, Solomon see Solomon ibn Gabirol
Ibn Ghiyyat, Isaac 225
ibn Latif, Isaac 698
ibn Nūh, Abū Ya˓qūb Yūsuf 310–11
Ibn Qurayŝ, Yehuda 508
Ibn Tammim, Dunaŝ 506
ibn Verga, Solomon 280
ibn Yihya, Gedalya 247, 278–9
Idel, M. 341, 367, 715–16, 725–6
on messianism 372, 723
on mysticism 727–8
Idelson, A. Z. 861, 971
identity 9, 39, 378–9, 381, 386, 387–8, 465
diaspora Judaism and 71–2
idolatry 72
Igel, R. 637
Immanuel Tremellius 501, 503
immigration 575, 995–6
to United States 477–8, 480, 483, 487
Index to Yiddish Periodicals, Hebrew University 561
infant exposure 72
Ingber, N. 921
Inquisition 158–9, 164, 165, 177, 179, 180
diaspora literature, impact on 633–4
Institute for Polish-Jewish Studies, England 404
Institute for the Translation of Hebrew Literature 536
Institute for White Russian Culture, Minsk 544
Institute of Contemporary Jewry 812–13
Institute of Jewish Law, Hebrew University Law School 233
Institute of Jewish Studies, Hebrew University 234
Institute of Microfilmed Hebrew Manuscripts, Jerusalem 5, 232–3, 298
Instituto de Estudios Sefardíes 594, 595
interfaith Utopia myth 194, 195, 196, 197
intermarriage 69, 105, 817, 977, 993
International Organization for Masoretic Studies 21
International Research Seminar in Yiddish Culture 549–50
International Scientific Advisory Committee (ISAC) 813
Iran 334, 344: see also Judaeo-Persian; Persia
Iraq 243, 318, 331, 966
Isaac ben Abraham Hatroki 509
Isaac ben Barun 507
Isaac ben Walid 591
Isaiah 53
Isaiah of Trani (Rid) 229
Isidore of Seville 503
Islam
autonomy of Jews under 210–12
Jews in economy of 200–2
and karaism 205, 302–3
and medieval Jewry 144, 156, 193–213
similarities with Judaism 195, 197
tolerance of Judaism 194, 197–200
Israel, J. 365
Israel
anti-Semitism research 943–4
Jewish Studies in 4, 5, 9
Yiddish Studies in 547, 549, 557, 558–9
Israel Exploration Society 827
Israel Film Institute 919, 921
Israel Studies (journal) 446, 456
Israel Supreme Court 665, 666–7
Israeli Academy for Arts and Sciences 267
Israeli Academy of Sciences 223, 256
Israeli Folktale Archive, Haifa University 971
Israeli Hebrew (IH) 495, 497, 498, 511
Italy 339, 385
diaspora in 80
(p. 1018)
emigration from 155
ghettos 177
Hebrew, study of 499–500
literature 225, 229, 245, 246, 261–2
medieval 155, 158, 159, 177
Renaissance 364, 365–6, 367
women, status of 158
Izre'el, Sh. 511
Jabotinsky, VI. 452
Jabotinsky, Z. 916, 917
Jacob ben Joseph Tavus 613
Jacob (Iaaqob) ben Shlomo 509
Jacobs, J. 983
Jacobs, L. 763
Jacques Mosseri Collection 232
Jakobson, R. 525
Japhet, S. 28
Jellinek, A. 272–3
Jerahme'el ben Solomon (Shlomo) 274
Jerome, saint 499
Jerusalem School 400, 403
Jerushalmi, I. 595–6
Jessner, L. 884
Jewish Agency 446, 447
Jewish Colonization Association 381–2
Jewish Defense League 992
Jewish Historical Institute 401, 559
Jewish Labour Movement 401
Jewish National and University Library, Jerusalem 232–3
Jewish National Fund 917
Jewish Publication Society 399, 476, 691, 989
Jewish Studies
archaeological evidence 19–20
Biblical Studies and 14–32
integration with Biblical Studies 26–9
Jewish scholars and 20–3
Leviticus 14–20, 24, 65
and rabbinic literature 23–5
Jewish Studies Hebrew (JSH) 511
Jewish sufism 716–17
Jewish Territorial Organization 381–2
Jewish Theological Seminary of America (JTSA) 476, 614, 692, 985, 990
E. N. Adler collection 233
Joel 53
Joffe, J. A. 558
Joseph and Aseneth, romance of 69
Joseph ibn Kaspi 507
Josephus, Flavius 46, 47, 69, 72–3, 246, 280, 281
apologetic literature 73
biblical interpretation 73
on figurative art 843
historiography 73
on messianism 47–8
Second Temple period 38–9, 43, 44, 45
Seleucid state 40
Jossipon 44
Book of Jossipon 246, 280–1
Joüon, P. 510
journals 6–7
American Jewry 484, 486
archaeology 827
art 827
Eretz Israel 446
ethnological 859
folklore 970, 971
Hasifrut 525, 526, 530, 535
Hebrew literature 535–6
Hulyot 547
Israel Affairs 446
Israel Studies 446, 456
Israeli film 921, 922
Likrat 522
Mikan 534, 535
Moznayim 523, 535
music 859
Poetics Today 525, 526
Prooftexts 536
rabbinic literature 234–5
Siman Keriah 525, 535
social sciences 984, 990, 991
theatre 877, 888, 890
women's studies 790
Yalkut hare'im 522
in Yiddish 558–9
YIVO Bleter 557, 559
Jubilees 56, 60–1, 63, 67
Jud, Leo 501
(p. 1019) Judaeo-Arabic 601–11
Cairo Genizah, manuscripts in 608, 610, 614
Classical 602, 603, 604, 606
Classical Arabic, deviation from 202–3, 603, 609
conferences 609–10
Early 602–3, 606, 608
Golden Age of literary activity 296–7
grammatical structure 603
Hebrew and Aramaic elements 603
history 601–2
Karaite texts 298, 604, 607–8, 614
Late 602, 603, 606, 607, 608
orthography 602–3
as vernacular 610–11
Judaeo-Persian 612–15
Cairo Genizah documents 311
Classical 612, 614
dialects 613
Early 612, 614
Golden Age of literary activity 296–7
history of 612
Karaite texts 612, 614
messianic movements 302
spoken form 613
translations into 612, 613
written form 612–13
Judaeo-Spanish (JS) Studies 572–96, 636
belles lettres 585–6
biblical commentaries 584
conferences on 593
current publications 589–90
current use 574–6, 592–6
decrease in speakers of 574–6
dialects 590–2
dictionaries 594
drama 584–5
emigration, effect of 575
folk tales 588
history of language 573–6
Holocaust and 575
journalism 586
Ladino translations 579–83
literary genres 577–88
Meant Loez 584
newspapers 586, 589
oral 577, 578
orthography 575, 576–7, 578
poetic literature 586–8
proverbs 588, 595
rabbinical literature 583
Sepharad I 579–80
Sepharad II 580–8
sermon collections 583
textbooks 593–4
translations 579–83, 585
Judah ben Benjamin Anav 229
Judah ben Samuel he-Hasid 151, 157, 246, 710, 711, 964
Judah ha-Nasi 80, 120–1
Judaism 60, 407, 990
converts to 39
diaspora 69–71
Orthodox movement 644–6, 662
philosophy of 759, 762
Second Temple period 36–48
as religious system 173–4, 199–200, 759, 763–4, 775, 784–5
Judith 55–6
Jungmann, J. A. 740–1
Kabakoff, J. 529
kabbalah 150, 220, 367, 372
ecstatic 715–16
folklore in 965
Lurianic 717–20, 721
orthodox 724
theosophical 711–14
Kafih, Y. 231
Kafka, F 624, 626–7
Kahle, P. 508
Kainy, M. 898
Kalmanovitch, Z. 543
Kalmin, R. 129
Kamin, S. 28
Kaplan, Ch. 430
Kaplan, Y. 370
Kara, J. 686
karaism, medieval 205–6, 295–322, 683–4
definition of 295–6
Firkovitch collections 298, 300, 607–8, 614
Hebrew grammar, study of 310–12, 508
(p. 1020)
hermeneutics 305–12
history 299–305
Islamic influence 205, 302–3
and Judaeo-Arabic 604
literal readings 306–8, 310
manuscript sources 298–9
non-literal readings 306–7, 308–9, 310
Oral Law 302, 312, 315–17, 318
al-Qūmisī's commentaries 305–6, 307, 310, 311
Qumranic influence 205, 300–2, 303–5
recent research 297–312
redefinition 312–19
study of, paradigm shift in 320–2
Written Law 315
Kariv 524
Karo, Y. 583, 978
Karsh, E. 462–3
Kasher, M. 697
kashrut, laws of 72, 735
Katz, D. 542–3, 548, 551, 557
spelling reforms 556
Katz, J. 364, 377, 402, 657, 658, 994
Katznelson, B. 452
Katznelson, G. 523
Kaufmann, Y. 83
Kaynar, G. 898, 901–2
Kazan, E. 932
Kazin, A. 623
Kefar Nahum (Capernaum) 103
Kerem, Y. 589
Keren Hayesod 924
Kerler, D.-B. 546, 548
Kessler, H. 839
Kessner, T. 480
Khan, G. 610
Khan Theatre, Jerusalem 885, 887
Khuli, Jacob 584
kibbutz movement 455–7, 461, 995
Kimelman, R. 748
Kimhi, David (Radaq) 322, 507, 688
Kimmerling, B. 461
al-Kirkisani, Jacob (Ia˓aqob alQirqisani) 509
Kirschenblatt-Gimblett, B. 979
Kishon, E. 887
Klar, B. 229, 279
Klausner, M. 920
Klausner, Y. 400–1
Klein, A. 922
Klein, S. 91
Klemperer, V. 430
klezmer music 551–2, 855, 857, 863–4
Klinger, R. 902
Knohl, I. 28
Kohansky, M. 895
Kohl, H. 826, 833
Kohut, Al. 229
Kokowzow, P. 608
Kolatt, I. 448
Komrov, G. 918
König, E. 510
Korherr, Richard 424
Kotler, O. 885
Kovez ˓al yad 234
Kraeling, C. 828
Kraemer, D. 129, 135
Kraemer, J. 204, 371
Krauss, K. S. 859
Kruk, H. 430
Krutikov, M. 548
Kugel, J. 27, 54
Kühnel, B. 836
Kurzweil, B. 517, 524, 532, 890–1
lachrymose conception of Jewish history 194, 328, 380, 402
la Roche Chandieu, Antoine de 503
Lahad, E. 902
Lahav, P 452
Lakhish letters 491–2
Lambroza, Sh. 404
Lamdan 787
Landau, E. 644–5
Langer, R. 748, 933
Langmuir, G. 951
Lapin, H. 107
Laqueur, T. 433
(p. 1021) Laqueur, W. 428, 448
Lasker, D. 302
Laskov, S. 450
Lassner, J. 284
Latin America 482, 635–7
Latvia 396
Laurence, R. 56
law 89–90
civil 24
Dead Sea scrolls and 61, 63–4, 65
medieval 160–3, 206–7
Law of Return 808–9
Lazar, M. 579, 580, 582, 594, 595, 893
Lazarus, E. 622
Lebanon War 531
legal texts
classical 126–7
Gaonic 654–5
legends 159, 273, 275–6, 957, 961–2
Leib, M. 630
Leibowitz, N. 693
Leibson, G. 654
Leivik, H. 883
Lemlein, A. 371
Lenhard, D. 127
Leo Baeck Institute 414
Lerner, M. B. 229, 886
Lerner, S. 652
Lesser, J. 482
Lessing, E. 363
Letter of Aristeas 69, 70, 72
Letter of Jeremiah 55
Lev-Ari, Sh. 899
Levantine Jews 337
Levenson, J. 30–1
Levi, I. 282
Levi Apocryphon 67
Levi Ben Gerson see Gersonides
Levi Ben Yaphet Halevi 509
Levin, H. 886, 887–8, 896–7
Levin, I. 256, 262–3
Levin, M. 922
Levine, B. 21
Levine Melammed, R. 787
Levinson, B. 25
Levita, Elijah (Elye Bokher) 542
Leviticus
commentaries on 14–20, 24
higher criticism 15, 16, 20
Hoffmann 14, 15–17, 19
lower criticism 16
Milgrom 14, 24
reinterpretation in Temple Scroll 65
Levy, E. 899–900
Levy, Sh. 892, 901, 902
Lewin, A. 430
Lewin, B. M. 221
Lewis, B. 332, 339
Lewis, D. L. 486
Lewy, H. Y. 97
liberalism 96, 381, 383
Library of Yiddish Classics 560
Lieberman, S. 96, 97, 98, 118
commentary on Tosefta 122
on redaction of Yerushalmi 130
view of rabbis 99
Liebman, C. 459
Liebman, S. B. 634
Lifschitz, B. 233, 652
Lilienblum, M. L. 882
Limor, O. 282–3
Lindstrom, N. 635–6
Lippomano, Marco 499
literary criticism 518, 519–20, 536–7
abroad 526, 528–30
in Israel 521–2, 523–4, 526–8
postmodern 133–5
schools of 523–4, 530–1, 534, 535, 537-8
literary theory, postmodern 108
literature
Aggadic 271, 272, 274, 275–6
Apocrypha 54, 55–6, 66–7
apologetic 71–3
Dead Sea scrolls 41, 46, 54, 55, 62–9, 74, 300–2, 303–5, 491
diaspora Judaism 54, 69–71
Maccabees 62
modern Hebrew 515–38
Prayer for King Jonathan 62
Pseudepigrapha 54, 56–61, 63, 66–7, 74
Second Temple period 53–74
(p. 1022)
literature, modern Hebrew 515–38
abroad 526, 528–30
biblical and liturgical sources 532–3
classical modern texts 533–5
feminism and 530–1, 534, 537–8
fiction 527
in Israel 521–2, 523–4, 526–8
in journals 529, 534, 535–6
Lebanon War and 531
literary criticism 518, 519–20, 525, 529
literary criticism, schools of 530–1, 534, 535, 537–8
literary scholarship 521–2, 525–33, 536–7
Mizrahi literature 533
modernity of 517
multiculturalism 537–8
and nationalism 520–1
new trends 525
in newspapers 535
origins 516, 518
poetry 527–8
politics and literary scholarship 536–7
postmodernism and 531–2, 534, 537–8
realism in 520
secularism 537
Lithuania 396
Lithuanian School 645
Littmann, Giselle see Bat-Ye˒or liturgy 242, 733–52
Amidah 742–3
ancient Palestinian 234
Ashkenazi 234
and biblical study 744
classification of 741–51
comparison with Christian approach 739, 740–1
definition of 733–4
development of disciplines 737–41
form-criticism 744–6
historicism 742–3
meaning 749–51
popular scholarship 749
reform 748–9
ritual-as-drama 750–1
study of 735–41
Zionist paradigm 746–8
see also piyyutim
Loewe, R. 517
Loewenstamm, S. E. 649
Losey, J. 932
Lucas, N. 448
Lueger, K. 379–80
Lunz, A. M. 970
Luria, Isaac 372, 718–19, 965
Lurianism 717–20, 721
Luther, Martin 501
Luzatto, M. H. 517, 872
Luzzatto, Samuel David (ShaDaL) 250
Maccabees 40, 43, 44, 55–6
Machon Jerushalaim 227
Machon Maale Adumim 595
Maclaren, J. 39
McLean, N. 486
magazines, Israeli film 919, 920–1
Maghrebijews 337, 339
Magriso, I. 584
Mahler, R. 401
Mahzor 581
Maimon, Solomon 625
Maimonides, Abraham 204, 237, 716
Maimonides, David 716
Maimonides, Moses (Rambam) 174, 204, 231, 235, 313, 645, 658
codificatory methodology of 658
commentary on the Mishnah 607
Guide of the Perplexed 146, 158, 174, 219, 605
Mishneh Torah 207, 219, 656, 658–9
on music 863
work on 231, 237
Yad Hachazaka 662
Maimonides, Obadiah 716
Makhon Yerushalayim 220
Malachi 53
Mandelbaum, Y. D. 233
Manetti, Giannozzo 499
Mann, J. 210
manuscript studies 117–20, 232, 251, 252–3, 267–8 (p. 1023)
halacha and law 654–5
Judaeo-Arabic 604–5, 606–10
Judaeo-Persian 614–15
liturgy 746–7
Mappu, A. 493
Marcus, I. G. 278, 327
marginalization 161–2, 163–4, 166
Margulies, M. 221, 225, 229
Mark, Y. 558
Marmorstein, A. 127
marranism 369–72, 718, 721–2
marriage 158, 644, 664, 773: see also intermarriage
Martini, R. 503
martyrdom 157, 166–7, 176
Marx, K. 986
maskilim 16, 116, 386
Masozet Israel 227
MAT (Moscow Art Theatre) 883
Mather, C. 505
Matheus Aurogallus 502
Matityahu, M. 589
Matmor, Y. 886
Max Weinreich Center for Advanced Jewish Studies 545
Mayer, S. 646
Mchedelov, V. 883
Meam Loez 584
medicine 173, 204
Medieval Hebrew (MdH) 492, 497
medieval history
Book of Tears 141–3
cultural achievements 146–7
exile 143–4
Jewish culture, external (Christian) influences on 147–51
mysticism 146–7
narratives 141–51
periodization 143–6
poetry 147
Sabbatianism 144–6
medieval Jewry
and Islam 193–213
blood libels 164, 166–8
Cairo Genizah 196–7, 206
in Christendom 153–81
Christian doctrine of witness 209
Christianity, Jewish attitude to 169–70
communities, development of 156–9
conversos 169, 174, 177, 178–81
expulsions 154, 174, 176–7
family life 157–8
Genizah studies 210, 211, 212
ghettos 177–8
images 172
interreligious polemics 168–9, 208–10
Islam, autonomy under 210–12
Islam, in economy of 200–2
Islam, legal status under 197–200
Islam, similarities with 195, 197
Islamic culture, relationship with 202–8
Karaism 205–6
language 202–4
legislation against 160–3
medicine 204
myths 159–60
Pact of Umar 198, 199
persecution 154, 161–2, 163–6
philosophy 203–4
poetry 207–8
pogroms 175–6
polemical literature 168–9
rituals 171
Spain 172–5
study of language 204–5, 206
symbols 170–1
Mediterranean Jews 337
Meged, A. 886
Meir Gaon family 304, 305
Meir ha-Levi Abulafia 226–7
Meir of Rothenburg 224, 233
Mekize nirdamim 220, 234
Meklenburg, J. Z. 17
Melammed, E.-Z. 371, 696–7
Melanchthon, Philip 501–2, 504
Memmi, A. 624
memoirs 407
film industry 917, 918, 922
Holocaust 414, 430–1
Menahem ha-Meiri 170, 231
Menasseh ben Israel 370
(p. 1024) Mendelson, E. 403, 406
Mendelssohn, Moses 363, 364, 625, 690–1, 758
Mendelssohn, School of 145
Menéndez Pidal, R. 587
Merkavah Mysticism 706
Mesopotamia 80
messianism
Abulafia 715–16
early modern period 371–2
Hasidism 723–4
Josephus on 47
Sabbatianism 144, 372, 720–2
Safed 718, 719
Second Temple period 47
Mestel, J, 876, 879
Metzger, D. 228
Meyers, E. 103
Michaelis, J. 644
Mickiewicz, A. 949
Middle Ages
Ashkenazic community 156–7, 158, 160, 166
Averroism 173–4
blood libel 164, 166–8
Christian cultural values, assimilation of 170–2
Christianity, attitude towards in halachic and polemical literature 169–70
community life 156, 210–12
converso communities 169, 174, 177, 178–81
culture 141–51
economic situation 155, 200–02
expulsions 154, 174, 176–7
First Crusade 165–6
forced conversions 162, 166
France, Jewish communities in 156–7
ghettos 177–8
Hebrew medical corpus 173
host desecration 168
and Inquisition 158–9, 164, 165, 177, 179, 180
Jewish foundation myths 159–60
Jewish society, character of 157–8
Jewry in Christendom 153–81
Jews, legal status of 155, 160–1, 197–200
Jews, persecution and marginalization of 161–2, 163–4, 166
martyrdom (kiddush hashem) 166, 167
and Islam 156, 193–213
philosophy 173–4, 175
pogroms 175–6
political situation 155–6
Provençal Jewry 158, 159, 160, 174, 176
religious debate 164–5, 168–9, 208–10
ritual murder 164, 167, 168
Sephardic Jewry 160
Spain, Jewish life in 155, 171, 172–5
women, status of 157, 158
Middle Eastern Jewries 329, 337, 344, 345, 346–7
Sephardi Jewry, connection with 330–3
Middle Platonism 70
midrashim 115, 116, 119, 245–6, 270–1, 272–3
Talmud period 80
Midrash Genesis Kabbah 131
Midrash of the Ten Commandments 245–6
Mikhali, B.Y. 523
Mikhoels, Shn. 626
Milgrom, J. 14, 18–20, 21, 24
Milik, J. T. 57, 66
Milikowsky, C. H. 117
Milo, Y. 885
Milon, C. 932
Minervini, L. 573–4, 579
Miron, D. 403, 526, 527–8, 529, 534, 555, 623
Mirsky, S. K. 229
Mishnah 105, 115, 118, 120–1
Maimonides˒ commentary on 607
relationship with Sifra 132
relationship with Tosefta 131–2
Mishnaic (Rabbinic) Hebrew (MH) 115, 492, 497–8
Mishpat Ivri school 652, 663–4, 665–6, 667, 669
Mitrani, M. 584
Mittelpunkt, H. 886
Mizrahim (Eastern/Oriental) 329, 330, 337, 346–7
literature 533
Modena, Leone 366
modern society and sociology 975–97
1960s on 992–4
(p. 1025)
anthropology, contribution of 980, 981, 991–2
background to 976–8
ethnography, contribution of 978–9
folklore, contribution of 979
Israeli society and 994–7
Jewish societies in sociological theory 986
Jews in development of modern social science 987–9
Jewish history and 983–5
post-Second World War 989–91
racial issues 981–3
and Zionism 977–8
Modern Yiddish Library 560
modernity 145, 383–7, 388, 517
Mokdoni, A. 875, 876
Molkho, Sh. 371–2
Monis, J. 505
Moore, D. D. 465–6, 480
Moore, G. F. 60, 96
Morawaska, E. 483
More, Thomas 505
Morocco 193, 331, 334
Morris, B. 461–2
Mosaic Judaism 60
Moscow Art Theatre see (MAT)
Moscow Central Archives 418
Moŝe haKohen Chiquitilla see Gikatilla, Moses ben Samuel ha-Kohen
Moses de Leon 712, 713
Moses ibn Ezra 243, 252, 255, 506, 509
Pagis on 259–60
Mossad Harav Kook 227
Mossinsohn, Y. 887
mourning, culture of 968
Müller, H. 421
multiculturalism 537–8
Mundy, Y. 887
Munitz, B.-Z. 901
Muníz-Huberman, A. 637–8
Munk, S. 607, 756
Münster, Sebastian 501, 503
Muraoka, T. 510
Murphy, F. J. 74
Musar movement 404
Museum of Jewish Theatre, New York 879
music 852–66
contemporary context 862–4
folklore 857, 859, 861
historiography 858–60
identification of Jewishness in 856–8
in Jewish Studies 852–4, 865–6
klezmer 551–2, 855, 857, 863–4
ontologies of 854–6
place of 860–2
relationship of body to 862–3
research institutions 864–5
in synagogues 860, 861
Musta˒rabim 331, 337, 339
Muth, Konrad 500
mysticism 242, 705–29
Ashkenazi 709, 710–11, 714
ecstatic kabbalah 715–16
folklore 965
genealogy of 705–24
Gnosticism 707, 708, 712
Hasidism 722–4
Heikhalot 706–8, 717, 724
Jewish sufism 716–17
Lurianic kabbalah 717–20, 721
medieval 146–7
methodology in study of 726–8
nature of 725–6
place of, within Judaism 728–9
Sabbatianism 720–2
Scholemian paradigm 705–6
scope of 724–5
Sefer Yetzirah 708–10, 715, 717
theosophical kabbalah 711–14
see also kabbalah
myths, foundation 159–60
Nagid, H. 896–7
Nahman, Rabbi 966
Nahmanides 220, 227, 714
Nahson, E. 880
Nathan, M. 896
Nathan of Gaza 720, 721
National Agency for Yiddish Culture 559
National Association of Professors of Hebrew (NAPH) 21, 512
(p. 1026) National Authority for Ladino and its Culture 575, 595
National Children and Youth Theatre 885
National Film Service 919
National Jewish Population Survey (NJPS) 804, 812, 993
National Library of Russia 298
nationalism 85–7, 518, 520–1, 574, 860
Navon, Y. 589, 595
Nazism 194, 412, 415–24, 988
Neckam, Alexander 504
negationism 431–2
Nehama, J. 594
Netanyahu, B. 449
Netherlands 505
Neubauer, A. 279
Neumark, D. 758–9
Neusner, J.
on rabbinic texts 100–2, 124–5, 133
on redaction of Bavli 128, 130–1
on sage stories 126
New Criticism 259
Newman, H. 107–8
Newsom, C. 74
newspapers
on cinema 912–13, 914, 917–18
Haaretz 535
Hatzevi 912–13
Judaeo-Arabic 607
Judaeo-Spanish 586
literature in 535
Niborski, Y. 558
Nicholas of Lyra 502, 504
Nickelsburg, G. 60
Niger, Ralph 504
Niger, Sh. 543
Nikoidski, C. 589
Niss´n, R. 638
Nissim, Gaon 228, 246, 285
Noah, M. 480
Nordau, M. 977
Norman, I. 900
North African Jewries 228, 343, 344, 345, 346–7
Morocco 331, 334, 968
piyyutim 243
rabbinic literature 225, 228
North America 4, 19, 26, 630–2
Canada 482
Noth, A. 198
Novick, P. 475
Nowersztern, A. 550, 557
Noy, D. 971
Nuremberg Racial Laws 419
Nussenblatt, R. 589
Ochs, P. 30
Odes of Solomon 55
Ofek Institute 220
Ofrat, G. 892
Ohel Theatre 883, 884, 900
Oislander, N. 876
Olcott, S. 914
Olivetan, Robert 502
Open University of Israel 282
Ophuls, M. 931
Oral Law 17, 205
and medieval karaism 302, 312, 315–17, 318
Orian, A. 894
Oriental Jews 237, 337
Origen 498–9
Orobio de Castro, Isaac 370
Orthodox movement 553, 644–6, 662
and women's studies 790
Osiander, Andreas 502
ostraca 491
Ottoman Empire 144, 335, 338–43, 344, 637–8
Judaeo-Spanish in 572
Ovadya, S. 589
Oz, A. 893, 901
Ozick, C. 631, 632
Pact of Umar 198, 199
Pagis, D. 252, 255–6, 258, 259–62, 265
Pagninus, Santes 499–500
Palachi, A. 583
Palestine 331
dispute over 194
and Hebrew Bible 205
Palestine Foundation Fund 924
(p. 1027) Paper, H. 614
Papirna, A. 874
Papo, Y. E. 583
Pappé, Il. 462
Pappenheim, B. 779
parables 125–6
Paradis, Paul 502
PaRDeS 698
Paris Polyglot (1645) 606
parshanut 27–9
Passovsky, Y. 884
Patai, R. 332, 971
patriarchate 80
Patterson, D. 528–9
Paul, D. W. 933
Pawel, E. 625
paytanim 242, 243, 249, 267, 268, 269
Peñaforte, Raymund de 503
Penguin Book of Modern Yiddish Verse 559–60
Penso della Vega, J. F. 872
Pentateuch 48, 606
Constantinople 581, 582
Perahya, K. and Perahya, E. 594
Perechodnik, C. 430
Perez, A. 589, 595
Perry, M. 525, 892
persecution 154, 161–2, 163–4, 166, 174, 176–7
Vatican attitude to 427–8
Persia 318, 331, 343: see also Judaeo-Persian
Pesah, M. Sh. 583
Petahia of Regensburg 965
Pharisaic Judaism 15
Pharisees 45–6, 54, 55, 80
Philo Judaeus of Alexandria 38, 42, 70
on Essenes 46
influence on Karaites 206
on observance of law 72
philosophical work 71
Philo the Epic Poet 70
philology 543
philosophy 756–63, 765–6
Islamic 203–4
Mekor Hayyim 756–7
medieval 173–4, 175
religious 758, 761–3
and theology 763–6
photography 552
Pico, Giovanni 500–1
Pinsker, L. 982–3
Pinsky, D. 883
Pirke Avot 581–3
Pirkoi ben Baboi affair 228
Pirozhkova, A. N. 626
Pius XII, pope 427–8
piyyutim 222, 242–4, 249, 250, 251, 253, 257–8, 261–2, 267–9, 279, 747–8
Andalusian school, influence of 245
Ashkenazic 244–5
in Cairo Genizah 242, 267–8
exegesis 236
Palestinian 245
Talmud period 80
Plaskow, J. 776–7
Pliny 46
Pococke, Edward 606–7
poetry 242–5
Al-Andalus 262, 263, 264, 265, 266
liturgical see piyyutim
medieval 147, 207–8, 267–8
secular 243–4, 251, 252, 253, 257–8, 268, 269
pogroms 721
Aronson on 404
Eastern European 404
medieval 175–6
November 1938: 419
Poland 948–9
Poland 396, 559
Polish Jewry 397, 400, 401
pogroms 948–9
Polybius 73
Pontrimoli, R. H. 584
Port Jews 385–6
Portugal 178, 179, 180
postmodernism 531–2, 534, 537–8
literary theory 108, 133–5
Poznanski, S. 684–5
Prayer for King Jonathan 62
Prayer of Manasseh 55
Prell, R.-E. 481
Prilutski, N. 875
Primitive Monotheism 988
Princeton Genizah Project 213
(p. 1028) Pritchard, J. B. 284
Project for the Research of Poetry and Piyyut 267
Project Judaica 548–9, 558
Prophets 55, 64–6
Proust, M. 622
Provençal Jewry 150, 156, 174, 176, 257, 696
law 658, 659
rabbinic literature 230–1
studies of 158, 159, 160
proverbs 588, 595, 958, 959–60, 962
Prylucki, N. 543
Psalms 17–18, 23
origin and dating 23–4
Psalm 151: 55
Psalms of Solomon 55, 56, 58
Pseudepigrapha 54, 56–61, 63, 70–1, 74
apocalypticism 59–61, 66–7
at Qumran 66–7
pseudepigraphy 45, 71
Purimspiel 871, 872–3, 874–5, 877, 878, 880–1
Putnam, H. 734
Qabbalah see kabbalah
Qalonymus family 710
Qanquarbre 502
Qaro, Joseph see Karo, Yosef
Qimhi, David see Kimhi, David
al-Qirqisānī, Abu Ya˓qūb Yūsuf 300, 318
alQirqisāni, Ia˓aqob see al-Kirkisani, Jacob
al-Qūmisī, Daniel 303, 304, 318
Qumran scrolls see Dead Sea scrolls
Rabbi see Judah ha-Nasi
Rabbinic Hebrew 23
rabbinic literature 23–5, 100–2, 583
animal tales 961
Byzantium 236
customs 962
festivals 962
folk literature 960–1, 965, 968–9
folk lore 960–3
folk poetry 962
form-critical analysis 124–5
hagiography 961, 965, 968–9
homilies 127
indeterminacy of 134–5
interpretation of dreams 962–3
intertextuality of 133–4
postmodernism 133–5
proverbs 962
readership of 135
responsa 963
Smith on 100
tales 960–1
rabbinic literature, classical 115–35
amoraic literature 115, 121
authorship of 135
case stories 126
commentaries 122–3
critical study of 116–17
diatribes 127
form-criticism of 116–17, 124–7
homilies 127
indeterminacy of 134–5
intertextuality of 133–4
introductions 120–2
legal rules 126–7
midrashim 115, 116, 119
Mishnah 115, 118, 120–1
parables 125–6
pericopes 127
and postmodern literary theory 133–5
readership of 135
redaction criticism 123, 124–5, 128–32
sage stories 126
Talmud Bavli 115, 116, 118, 119, 121, 123, 126
Talmud Yerushalmi 115, 116, 121
text criticism 117–20
Tosefta 115, 118, 122
rabbinic literature, medieval 219–37
bibliographic databases 231–2
bibliographies of scholars 235
Byzantium 236
customs 223, 234
Franco-German 221–4
halachic monographs 219–20
holidays 746
Italian 229
kabbalah 220
legal decisions 221
(p. 1029)
microfilms 232
North African 228
Oriental 231, 237
Piyyut exegesis 222, 236
prayer liturgy 234
Provençal 230–1
published research tools 231–5
Rashi 235
research desiderata 235–7
responsa 221, 223–4, 227, 230, 233
Spain 225–7, 236
Spain, Christian period in 225, 226–7
Spain, Muslim period in 225–6
talmudic commentaries 220, 227, 229, 231
Tosafists 220, 222, 235–6
Rabbinical Assembly of America 692–3
racial issues, and sociology 981–3
Radaq see Kimhi, David
Radin, P. 985
Radziner, A. 652–3
Rahmani, M. 589
Rakover, N. 652
Ralbag see Gersonides
Raoul-Lambert, R. 430
Rappoport, S. see An-Ski, Shlomo
Rashba (Solomon ibn Adret) 174–5, 227, 233
Rashbam 688, 696
Rashi (Shlomo Yitzhaki) 220, 235, 247, 277, 688
Ratosh, Y. 523–4
Ratzaby, Y. 262
Ravid, B. C. 366
Ravnitzki, Y. H. 254, 622, 971
Rebatet, L. 931
Recuero, P. 594
Redler, D. 894
refugees, conferences on 427
Reichman, R. 132
Reif, S. C. 610, 751
Reiner, R. 223
Reinharz, J. 448, 452
Reisen, Z. 543
Renan, E. 510
Research Institute for Hebrew Poetry, Berlin 253
responsa 206, 221, 223–4, 227, 230, 233, 645, 738
Ashkenazic 657, 659, 660
folklore in 963
Gaonic 655
Judaeo-Spanish 583
literary-rhetorical criticism of 661
and women's studies 786
Reuben ben Abraham of Shtip 583
Reubeni, David 371
Reuchlin, Johannes 500–1, 503
Revital, S. D. 652
Richler, B. 232
riddles 588, 958, 960, 961
Ringelblum, E. 430, 559
Ringer, A. 860
Rischin, M. 477, 478–80
Ritba (Yom-Tov ben Abraham ibn al-Ishbili) 227
ritual-as-drama 750–1
ritual murder 164, 166, 167, 168
rituals 171, 270, 748, 958
Rodrigue, A. 331, 334
Rogan, E. 462
Rogin, M. 929
Rokem, F. 896
Roman Empire 80, 92–3
Romano, J. 229, 594
Romaniots 339, 371
romansas 587–8
Romero, E. 585
Rosén, H. 495, 511
Rosen, T. 241–88
Rosenberg, M. 913
Roskies, D. 560, 631
Rosovsky, S. 900
Rossi, Salamone 860
Rotenstreich, N. 765
Roth, C. 365–6
Roth, P. 624, 632, 929–30
Rousseau, H. 931
Rowley, H. H. 59
RSHA (Reichssicherheitshauptamt) 419, 426
Rubenstein, J. L. 126
Rubin, U. 284
Ruderman, D. B. 365, 366
(p. 1030) Ruiz, V. L. 486
Ruppin, A. 446–7, 984, 994
Russia 396, 518
anti-Semitism in 947
Firkovitch collections 298, 300, 607–8, 609, 614
Russian Jewry 399, 402, 404
Saadiah, Gaon 203–4, 243, 268, 506, 507, 683, 745
exegetical works 607
Judaeo-Arabic Pentateuch 606
Saalschütz, Joseph 646
Sabbatianism 144–6, 341, 372, 720–2
and messianism 720–2
Sabel, S. 914
sabra 458, 522
Sacchi, P. 60
Sachar, H. M. 448, 449
Sadan, D. 517, 520, 524, 547, 554, 623, 971
Sadducees 46
Safed, Lurianic kabbalah in 717–20, 721
Safrai, Z. 93–5
sage stories 126
Salaman, N. 779
Salanter, Rabbi Yisrael 404
Salinger, J. D. 624
Salvatore, C. 912
Salzberger, G. 284
Samaw˒al ibn ˒Ādiyā˒ 601
Samuel ha-Nagid 225, 226, 243, 254, 507
San Ildefonso, College of 503
Sanders, E. P. 60
Sanders, J. A. 63
Sandier, B. 559
Sandmel, S. 25
Sandrow, N. 880
Sanhedrin 47, 86, 94
Sapir, E. 990
Sarei ha-Elef 233
Sarna, J. 480, 486
Sasson, J. 21
Sayings of Pseudo-Phocylides 71
Schaechter, M. 557, 559
Schäfer, P. 104
Schatz, B. 913
Schechter, S. 16, 252, 300, 608, 692, 980, 985
Scheindlin, R. 263, 265
Schepansky, I. 226, 228
Schiffer, I. (pseudonym Isahk Goido) 877–8
Schindler, Valentin 502
Schirmann, Jefim 253, 255, 256–9, 260, 261, 264, 265
Schneerson, M. M. 723
Schneider, D. 880
Schneur, Z. 143
Schnitzer, M. 923
Schnitzler, A. 622
Schocken, S. Z. 253
Schocken Institute 252, 253, 267
Schoenberg, A. 860
Scholem, G. 144–6, 341, 401, 517
Bahir 712, 713, 714
ecstatic kabbalah 715
Gnosticism 707, 708, 712, 714
Hasidei Ashkenaz 709, 710–11, 714
Hasidism 709, 710–11, 714, 722–4
Heikhalot mysticism 706–8
Lurianic kabbalah 717–20, 721
on messianism 372
methodology in study of mysticism 726–7
mysticism, genealogy of 705–24
mysticism, nature of 725
mysticism, paradigm of 705–6
mysticism, place of within Judaism 728, 729
mysticism, scope of 724–5
Sabbatianism 720–2
Sefer Yetzirah 708–10
theosophical kabbalah 711–14
Zohar 711–14
Schorsch, I. 328
Schroeter, D. 333
Schulz, B. 626, 627–8
Schürer, E. 40, 54
Schussman, A. 284
Schwartz, B. 28
Schwartz, D. 236
Schwartz, S. 79–110
Schwarzbaum, H. 284, 285–6
Schwarzwald, O. R. 582–3
Schweid, E. 456, 728–9
(p. 1031) Schweitzer, A. 924, 932
Scliar, M. 637
Sebastian, M. 430
Second Temple period 17, 18, 53–4
Apocrypha 54, 55–6
apologetic literature 71–3
biblical interpretation 38
Book of Jossipon 246, 280–1
conflation of sources, problem of 44–8
Dead Sea scrolls 54, 55, 62–9
development of scholarship 39–44
diaspora Judaism 69–71
feminist criticism 74
Greek-speaking diaspora 54
Hellenization of Judaism 42–3
Jews and Judaism 36–48
literature 53–74
messianism 47–8
Pharisees 45–6
political history 37–8
Prayer for King Jonathan 62
Pseudepigrapha 54, 56–61
Zealots 45
secularism 537
Sefer Hasidim 148, 150, 151, 282, 286–7, 710 711–12
folklore in 964
Sefer ha-Zichronot 246–7
Sefer Jossipon 246, 280–1
Sefer Teshuva 580, 583
Sefer Yetzirah 708–10
Segal, I. 890
Segal, P. 652–3
Segev, T. 454, 463
Seiger, M. L. 880
Selden, John 644
Seleucids 37, 40, 43
Semitic Philology Hebrew (SPH) 510
Sephardi Jewry 327–47, 385
in the Americas 331, 345–6, 476–7
colonialism 334–5
decolonization 345
development as discipline 327–30
emancipation 333–4
Golden Age of Islamic Spain 328
medieval 160
and Middle Eastern Jewries 330–3
modernization 342
and Ottoman Empire 144, 335, 338–43, 344
Sabbatian crises 341
Sephardic Mystique 327–8
terminology, problem of 337–8
in Western Europe 369–71
Westernization 342
and Zionism 335–7, 345
Sephila, H. V. 589
Sepphoris 834, 836
Septimus, B. 227
sexuality 157–8, 773, 781
Seymor, St. J. 284
Shabbetai Zevi 341, 371–2, 720, 721
Shabetay ben Yaacob Vitas 583
Shabtai, Y. 886, 887
Shacham, N. 885, 887
Shafir, G. 461
Shailat, Y. 234
Shaked, G. 517, 526–7, 529, 535, 623, 880, 891–2, 896
Shaked, S. 614
Shaki, H. 584
Shakow, Z. 894–5
Shamir, M. 522, 884, 886
Shapira, A. 448, 452, 458, 935
Sharett, M. 452
SHAS (Sephardi ultra-orthodox party) 996
Shatzky (Shatski), J. 401, 876, 878–9
Shaul, M. 589, 595
Shavit, Y. 452, 457
Sheffer, G. 452
Shelomoh min ha-Yatom 229
Shemaria Argueti, Isaac 584
Sherira, Rav 228
Shevelson, M. 935
Shilo, Sh. 652
Shiloah Tunnel inscriptions 492
Shimoni, G. 448
Shirmann, J. 880
Shlaim, A. 462
Shmeruk, Ch. 401, 547, 548, 554, 623
on Purimspiel 880–1
(p. 1032) Shochetman, E. 652, 664
Shoef, C. 901, 902
Shoham, H. 892, 900
Shohat, E. 922–3
Shohet, A. 364–5
Shohet, D. 659
Sholem Aleichem 560, 626
Sholem Aleichem Foundation, New York 560
Shonmann, Sh. 894
Shoshana, A. 220, 237
Shtif, N. 543
Shulman, E. 874
Shunami, G. 235, 893
Sibylline Oracles 56, 58, 70–1
Siddur 203, 580, 581
Sifra, relationship with Mishnah 132
Silberg, M. 665
Simeon Kayyara of Baghdad 228
Similitudes (Parables) 57, 66
Simon, Richard 502
Simon Grynaeus 502
Sinai 235
Singer, I. B. 551, 560, 630–1
Singer, I. J. 397, 630
Sionita, G. 606
Six Day War, and theatre 887
Sklare, D. 226
Sklare, M. 990
slavery, Jewish participation in 200
Smalley, B. 685–6
Smith, M. 100, 133, 845
Smith, W. Robertson 980
Smolenskin, P. 494
Sobol, J. 886, 887, 896, 897
social science journals 984, 990, 991
Society for Judaeo-Arabic Studies 609–10
Society for the Promotion of Enlightenment Among Russian Jewry 398
Society for the Study of Jewish Folklore 970
Society of Biblical Literature (SBL) 20–1, 32
sociology, modern society and 975–97
1960s on 992–4
anthropology, contribution of 980, 981, 991–2
background to 976–8
ethnography, contribution of 978–9
folklore, contribution of 979
Israeli society and 994–7
Jewish history and 983–5
Jewish societies in sociological theory 986
Jews in development of modern social science 987–9
post-Second World War 989–91
racial issues 981–3
and Zionism 977–8
Sofer, Moses 644, 645
Solomon Bar Isaac 156
Solomon ibn Gabirol 253, 254, 506
Mekor Hayyim 756–7
Soloveitchik, H. 230, 233, 657–8, 694
Sombart, W. 984, 986
Sommer, B. 25
Sorkin, D. 365
source criticism 28
Soviet-Jewish scholarship 398–400, 401
Soviet Union
archives in 396, 415, 558
Yiddish culture 553
Spain 193, 268, 364
conversos 178–9, 180
expulsions 176, 177
folk literature 280
Hebrew in 503
Hebrew poetry 207, 253–4, 261, 265–6, 786
interfaith Utopia myth 194, 195, 196, 197
medieval 155, 156, 160, 171, 172–5, 257
rabbinic literature 225–7
Spanier, A. 744
Sperber, D. 93, 234
Sperling, D. 31
Speyer, H. 284
Spiegel, A. 929
Spiegel, Y. S. 656
Spinoza, Baruch (later Benedict) 370, 505, 693, 758
Stalinism 399, 416, 947
Stanislavsky, K. 883
Stanislawski, M. 529
Stavans, Il. 623
Steinschneider, M. 249–50, 272
Die Arabische Literatur der Juden 607, 608
(p. 1033) Steinschneider, Moshe 874, 875
Stephen Roth Institute for the Study of Contemporary Anti-Semitism and Racism 944
Stern, D. 126, 134
Sternberg, M. 892
Sternhell, Z. 455–6
Steven Spielberg Digital Yiddish Library, National Yiddish Book Center 561
Stiles, E. 505
Stillman, N. 332, 339
Stow, K. 366
Strauss, L. 693–4, 761–2
Sturm, J. 503
Stutchkoff, N. 558
succession, law of 644, 662–3
sufism 716–17
sugyot 121, 123
Babylonian and Palestinian 223, 228
Sukenik, E. L. 828, 833
Sulayman, Ali ben 508–9
Sundberg, A. C. 55
Sussmann, Y. 222
Sutzkever, A. 558
Switzerland 501, 502, 503
synagogue studies 41
synagogues
archaeological remains 832–3, 840–1
architecture of 825, 842
art in 825, 831–2, 838, 842, 843
Ben Ezra Rabbanite 196, 299–300
Bet Alpha 826, 828, 833, 834, 835, 838
dating of 103, 833, 840–1
Dura Europos 41, 826, 828, 835–6, 839, 845
Hammat Tiberias 826, 827, 835
Hellenization 837–8
interpretation of scenes and symbols in 834–5
Jewish-Christian nexus 839–40
Kefar Nahum 103
music in 861
rabbinic influence 844–6
Roman-Byzantine Palestine 833, 840–1
Sepphoris 834, 836
similarity with pagan temples 837
symbolism 831–2, 838
Talmud period 80
Syria 37, 243, 331
Szold, H. 779
Ta-Shma, I. 223, 656–7, 748
Tabori, J. 234, 748
TAI 882
Talmon, M. 924
Talmon-Garber, Y. 995
Talmud 109
Talmud Bavli 80, 115–16, 118–19, 121, 123, 129, 206, 707
Bavot tractates 126
redaction of 128, 130–1
Talmud period 79–110
agriculture 91–2
archaeology 80, 88, 103
art 88
Babylonian diaspora 109–10
Bar Kokhba Revolt 80, 104
Diaspora Revolt 79–80
economics 93
Israeli historiography (1950–1990) 89–95
latest developments 106–8
non-Israeli historiography 95–104
socio-economics 93–5
synagogues 80
Zionist historiography 81–9, 102
Talmud Yerushalmi 115, 116, 122, 131, 206, 228
Bavot-tractates 118, 121, 126, 130
redaction of 129–30
Tam, Jacob 223, 235
Tanzimat Reforms 335
Tarbiz 230, 234
Tarbut Ivrit Hebrew (TBH) 510–11
Targum 29, 501, 684, 744
Taylor, C. 608
Taylor-Schechter Genizah collection 608, 610
Tcherikover, V. 39, 42, 71
Tchernowitz, Ch. 653
Teitelboim, A. 876
television 919, 920, 933
Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs 56, 58, 66, 74
Teveth, Sh. 449–50, 463
theatre 870–902 (p. 1034)
folk theatre 871, 872–3, 874–5
gender issues 898
Hebrew theatre 871–2, 874
and Holocaust 886, 897–8
journals 877, 888, 890
and Six Day War 887
Yiddish theatre 874, 875, 880
theatre, Israeli 882–902
biblical and historical drama 886
genres 884, 885–8
history 882–8
Holocaust drama 886
social and political drama 886–7
theatre studies 888–902
universal-Existentialist drama 887–8
women˒s dramaturgy, personal theatre, and performance arts 888
Zionist and post-Zionist drama 886
theatre, Jewish 870–81
history of 870–3
Purimspiel 871, 872–3, 874–5, 877, 878, 880–1
theatre studies 873–81
YIVO 876
theatres
Acco Theatre Center 885, 886
Art Theatre 882
Beer-Sheva Theatre 885
Beit Lessin Theatre 885
Cameri Theatre 884–5, 886, 887, 888, 900–2
Eretz-Israel Theatre 882