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date: 21 May 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article is organized into four sections. The first section gives a brief historical survey of the contributions made by biologists to the understanding of causality. The second section looks at the role of causal concepts in the theory of evolution. The third section discusses Mayr's distinction between proximate and ultimate causation, and the related issue of teleological explanation. The fourth section looks at causation in genetics, with special reference to the nature–nurture problem.

Keywords: causality, theory of evolution, proximate causation, ultimate causation, teleological explanation, nature–nurture problem

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