- List of Contributors
- Feminist Theology and the Global Imagination
- Feminist Theology and the Jewish Tradition
- What is Feminist Theology?
- Transethnic Feminist Theology of Asia: Globalization, Identities, and Solidarities
- Gynocentric Thealogy of Tantric Hinduism: A Meditation Upon the Devi
- Globalization and Gender Inequality: A Contribution from a Latino Afro-feminist Perspective
- ‘The World Palpitates’: Globalization and the Religious Faith and Practices of Latin American Women
- Globalization, Women, and Religion in the Middle East
- Interrupting ‘Global-speak’: A Feminist Theological Response from Southern Africa to Globalization
- Theological Perspective on Mutual Solidarity in the Context of Globalization: The Circle's Experience
- Woman Lost in the Global Maze: Women and Religion in East Africa Under Globalization
- Feminist Theologies and the European Context
- Globalization the Second Wave of Colonization: Impacts on <i>wahine</i> Māori
- First Nation, Empire, and Globalization
- <i>Feminism, Inc.</i>: Globalization and North American Feminist Theologies
- Beyond Theology of Religions: The Epistemological and Ethical Challenges of Inter-religious Engagement
- Beyond the God/Man Duo: Globalization, Feminist Theology, and Religious Subjectivity
- Feminist Theologies of a World Scripture(s) in the Globalization Era
- The Challenges of Globalization for Muslim Women
- Theology and Identity in the Context of Globalization
- Doing a Theology from Disappeared Bodies: Theology, Sexuality, and the Excluded Bodies of the Discourses of Latin American Liberation Theology
- Globalization and Women's Bodies in Latin America
- Globalization and Narrative
- <i>La Morenita</i> on Skis: Women's Popular Marian Piety and Feminist Research on Religion
- Feminist Ritual Practice
- Globalization, Women's Transnational Migration, and Religious De-traditioning
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter begins with a discussion of the legacies of colonialism in the Middle East, and then turns to women and religion in the Middle East, feminisms in the Middle East, and Islamism in the Middle East. It argues that while religious discourse will always have an important role in the Middle East, it is seriously myopic to assume that the Muslim Brotherhood—and all other Islamists—are “anti-women” and “anti-democratic,” as previous nuancing holds. Even within the one organization itself, there are diverse perspectives on women's rights. There are extremely active, very well-educated, cultured, and articulate women members of the Brotherhood, for example, just as there will always be those who are uncomfortable with women's public roles. What must be appreciated is that, in tandem with regime change (and calls for it), are revolutions occurring within almost every group, party, and institution in the Middle East today.
Azza M. Karam serves at the United Nations Development Program where she has been Senior Policy Research Advisor in the Regional Bureau for Arab States, and Special Advisor on Middle East and Islamic Affairs to the Secretary General of and the Director of Women's Programs at the World Conference of Religions for Peace International. She has also worked at International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, and the Centre for the Study of Ethnic Conflict at the Queens University of Belfast. Her experience spans the fields of multi-religious collaboration, international gender issues, democratization, human rights, conflict, and political Islam. Her books include Transnational Political Islam: Religion, Ideology, and Power (2004), A Woman's Place: Religious Women as Public Actors (2001), and Women, Islamisms and the State: Contemporary Feminisms in Egypt (1998).
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