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date: 23 August 2019

(p. xx) List of Tables

(p. xx) List of Tables

  1. 4.1 Date of first pension laws in selected countries 54

  2. 6.1 Male and female labor market participation rates 107

  3. 6.2 Share of standard and non-standard employment contracts, 2003 107

  4. 7.1 Sources of income by gender and marital status for individuals aged 65 plus, 2000 123

  5. 7.2 Incidence of poverty, United States, 2000 124

  6. 7.3 Average pension accumulation and the gender pension gap, United States, 1998 125

  7. 7.4 Gender differences in life expectancy 126

  8. 7.5 Gender and marital status of the elderly, 2000 127

  9. 8.1 Risks facing individuals in retirement 145

  10. 10.1 Changes in asset allocation due to the ageing process, 2000–2050 189

  11. 13.1 Decumulation phase of FDC schemes 251

  12. 13.2 Returns over various asset classes, Australia, 1993–2004 257

  13. 13.3 Returns of various share markets, 1993–2004 259

  14. 13.4 Comparative impact of asset, benefit, and contribution charges over varying periods 260

  15. 14.1 Cumulated pension wealth accruals for single people on average earnings 278

  16. 18.1 Pension assets as a percentage of GDP 2001, OECD 361

  17. 18.2 Estimated social security replacement rates (RR) for the average earner, 2003 and 2030 364

  18. 18.3 Percentage of UK workers with second-tier pension coverage, 1978/9–2001/1 372

  19. 19.1 Changes in compensation for union and non-union workers, 1988–2002 383

  20. 19.2 Pension coverage rates of all workers and union workers by income, sex, and firm size 384

  21. 20.1 Pension liabilities and deficits of the world's 500 largest companies in 2004 400

  22. 21.1 Four different pension deals 424

  23. (p. xxi)
  24. 21.2 Output of ALM studies 425

  25. 21.3 Output of ALM study D 430

  26. 21.4 Average generational account as percentage of liabilities for three age groups 436

  27. 23.1 Private pension funding in major developed countries, 1996 458

  28. 23.2 Assets under management for eight countries, 1999 459

  29. 23.3 Institutionalization of the UK equity market to 1999 460

  30. 23.4 Fund management fees charged in different countries for a £100 million mandate 461

  31. 23.5 Distribution of managers across pension funds by category of manager 463

  32. 23.6 Average annual returns on median UK pension fund by asset class, 1994–2003 466

  33. 23.7 Average asset allocation across UK pension funds, 1993–2003 466

  34. 23.8 Average asset allocation of occupational pension funds in major markets, 2003 467

  35. 23.9 Performance evaluation of UK pension funds, 1983–1997 474

  36. 23.10 Performance of UK pension funds, 1980–2000 474

  37. 25.1 Market structures of private pension systems in OECD countries, 2001–2002 518

  38. 27.1 Factors affecting pension valuation for employers and employees 552

  39. 28.1 Money's worth estimates for single premium immediate annuity at age 65 572

  40. 28.2 Money's worth of immediate annuities in various nations, nominal contract 574

  41. 31.1 Wealth holdings of older homeowners grew rapidly in the 1990s 621

  42. 31.2 Seniors now hold more mortgage debt 622

  43. 32.1 Prevalence of dementia by age 642

  44. 33.1 Percentage of the labor force covered by the public system before the reform and by private and public systems in 2004 669

  45. 33.2 Percentage of affiliates who contributed to the private system in the last month, December 1998 to December 2004 671

  46. 33.3 Size of insured market, number of administrative firms, and concentration in the largest two and three firms, December 2004 672

  47. 33.4 Managerial cost of the private system: deposit, costs, total deduction, and administrative burden, December 2004 674

  48. 33.5 Capital accumulation in the private system in US million dollars in December 2004, and as percentage of GDP in June 2004, and average capital return in December 2003–2004 676

  49. (p. xxii)
  50. 33.6 Portfolio diversification: percentage distribution of total pension fund by financial instrument in December 2004 678

  51. 35.1 Percentage of employees aged 55 and older working part-time in selected OECD countries, 1999 709

  52. 37.1 Income inequality and reduction of inequality through government redistribution and pensions in 12 industrialized countries 743

  53. 39.1 Old-age poverty indicators for Latin America and Africa 784

  54. 39.2 The contribution of non-contributory pension income to poverty reduction 787

  55. 39.3 Summary information on non-contributory pension programs for selected countries 790

  56. 42.1 Poverty rates among the population 65+, c. 2000 843