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date: 17 June 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article begins with a brief review of the pattern of public pension development over the century from 1889, and follows this with a discussion of the reasons for expansion. The suceeding section examines in some detail the variation between countries and over time in the structure and purpose of public pension systems, and this is followed by some national case studies that illustrate both the incremental nature of system development, and the importance of the political context in which this development has taken place. The article concludes with a discussion of the role of historical legacy in setting the parameters within which current discussions of public pension reform take place.

Keywords: public pensions, national case studies, system development, pension reforms, pension expansion, public pension systems

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