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date: 06 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter reviews the ways Egyptologists have studied the materials and technologies of ancient Egypt, and how these have changed over time. Historically, most Egyptologists have concentrated on text-rich sites, notably tombs and temples, rather than on those associated with crafts and industries. Since the 1970s, however, there has been an increasing focus on understanding the production processes of the items of material culture found in sites of all types. This focus has included work on ethno-archaeology, archaeological experiment, and laboratory analyses alongside traditional examinations of literary evidence. This holistic approach to the study of materials and technology is the one put forward here.

Keywords: Egypt, materials, technology, crafts, vitreous materials, metal, pottery, archaeological science, experiment, ethno-archaeology

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