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date: 18 June 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article examines the collection of archaeological data by excavation. It points out that in order for the raw data of artefacts and other material remains to be useful to archaeologists, they need to have been structured through excavation. It explains that the excavation of a site without record of the associations of the artefacts with their structural levels and sequence of deposition will rob the cultural materials of much of the value they have as evidence of the society that created, used, and discarded them. It discusses the factors considered in the selection of sites and the processed involved in excavating the site.

Keywords: archaeological data, excavation, artefacts, sequence of deposition, cultural materials, site selection

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