Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 04 December 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article examines the archaeological study of pre-Islamic Central Asia. It explains that archaeology began in Western Turkestan after the Russian conquest of the area in the late nineteenth century and excavations began at Dzhankent on the lower Syr Daryai n 1867 and at Afrasiab in 1875. The historical and numismatic records available from the advent of the Achaemenian Persians in the mid-first millennium bc help to illumine the picture drawn from earlier archaeological material, of an area of urbanism located in oases and dependent on sophisticated irrigation agriculture, and of a transhumant population, both utilizing marginal areas for summer grazing from within the oases as well as genuine nomadic herdsmen.

Keywords: pre-Islamic Central Asia, archaeological study, Western Turkestan, Dzhankent, Syr Daryai, Afrasiab, numismatic records, Achaemenian Persians, urbanism, nomadic herdsmen

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.