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date: 05 March 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article examines the history of Mesoamerica based on archaeological evidence. The archaeology of the colonial period reveals a mosaic of adaptations and adjustments, in both native and Spanish populations, with individuals and communities pursuing a variety of subsistence and social strategies according to the conditions of local environments and markets, the efficacy of coercive force, and the possibilities of alliance-building through intermarriage and reciprocal feasting. Through processes of adaptation and culture change, native communities have survived into the contemporary world, where they continue to struggle for cultural self-determination.

Keywords: Mesoamerica, colonial period, subsistence, social strategies, adaptation, adjustments, native populations, Spanish populations, self-determination, intermarriage

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