- The Oxford Handbook of Archaeology
- List of Contributors
- The Discipline of Archaeology
- The Formative Century, 1860–1960
- The Theoretical Scene, 1960–2000
- Into the Future
- Measuring the Passage of Time: Achievements and Challenges in Archaeological Dating
- Human Activity in a Spatial Context
- Data Collection by Excavation
- Mastering Materials
- The Nature of Humanness
- Early Hominids
- The Emergence of <i>Homo</i> Sapiens Sapiens
- The Neanderthals
- Peopling the World
- Hunters and Gatherers
- Early Farming and Domestication
- Studying Human Diet
- Cultural Complexity
- Trade and Interaction
- China: State Formation and Urbanization
- The Central Andean Region in Prehistory
- The Mediterranean and its Hinterland
- The Archaeology of Sub-Saharan Africa
- Pre-Islamic Central Asia
- The Circumpolar Zone
- East Asia
- The Pacific Islands
- North America
- South American Archaeology
- Indigenous Voices, Archaeology, and the Issue of Repatriation
- Sex and Gender
- Archaeological Representation: the Consumption and Creation of the Past
- Community Archaeology
- Subject Index
- Index of Personal Names: Includes all referenced authors.
Abstract and Keywords
This article examines the emergence of Homo sapiens sapiens or anatomically modern humans (AMH) primarily from the archaeological perspective. It analyses the emergence of anatomical and behavioural modernity of humans based on evidence from Africa, Europe, and the Near East. It explains that the trait lists of behavioural modernity have commonly emphasized the importance of symbolic behaviour and the use of complex spoken language in the ultimate success of our species and suggests that the spatio-temporal coherence of the regional archaeological records should be used to encourage caution or confidence in our pronouncements on the development of behavioural modernity.
William Davies is Lecturer in Human Origins, Centre for the Archaeology of Human Origins, School of Humanities, University of Southampton.
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