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date: 09 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article examines prehistoric evidence for the emergence of bipedal hominids and the emergence of the earliest archaeological traces traditionally called the Early Stone Age in Africa and the Lower Palaeolithic in Eurasia. It explains that it was during this time that the major foundations of the human condition were established, including the quadruple increase in the human brain size and the development of hominid morphology. The fossil evidence suggests that apes were prevalent in the Old World during the Miocene period although exactly which forms may have been ancestral to the earliest hominids is still not clear.

Keywords: bipedal hominids, Early Stone Age, Africa, Lower Palaeolithic period, Eurasia, human brain size, Old World, Miocene period, prehistoric evidence

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