Abstract and Keywords
It is a serious question both in philosophy and the history of ideas just how our conception of mind has evolved. There is something of a consensus that Descartes introduced a particular conception and one, interestingly, that can be seen to take shape against the backdrop of an evolving scientific conception of the world. This scientific account of the world had no room for mind, and Descartes helped things along by hiving off the mind, so to speak, into its own realm. In Descartes's world-view mind and body are distinct, and distinct substances.
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