Abstract and Keywords
Theological literature encompasses almost every literary genre, along with genres peculiar to theology, including hagiography and the homily. In addition, there are genres with a distinctively theological form. Two such genres, the chronicle and the church history, appear to be the invention of Eusebios of Caesarea (c.260-c.340), and may be interpreted as a development of the apology, or defence of Christianity against Graeco-Roman paganism (and, to a lesser extent, Judaism). The Scriptures occupy a central place in all theological literature. A good deal of theological literature is polemical, intended against those who challenged Christian orthodoxy. The decisions, doctrinal definitions, and disciplinary canons of the church councils form another genre of theological literature. Two other genres of theological literature from the Byzantium Era are poetry and prayer.
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