Abstract and Keywords
Like most pre-industrial societies, Byzantium relied on a wide array of technologies that touched their daily lives. Because it commanded the greatest network of resources in addition to technical treatises and expertise, the state produced and had access to equipment and machines that most private citizens did not. Technological changes affected everyday life in Byzantium, but they were the kinds of macro changes that might have a direct impact on only one element of the economy and society. By the twelfth century, Byzantium lagged behind neighbouring states in so-called strategic technologies, especially in the areas of warfare and shipping. In general, however, Byzantines were on a par with their neighbours as far as technology is concerned throughout its history. This article discusses the technologies used by Byzantines on a daily basis, including those for food storage and preservation, material sciences, water supply, and sanitation.
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