Abstract and Keywords
The French Byzantinist Gabriel Millet is credited with starting the modern history of the monastic archives of Mt Athos, when he embarked on photographic missions in the years immediately following World War I. Millet brought back photographic plates and copies of documents from the monasteries of the Lavra, Koutloumousiou, Pantokrator, Rossikon, Xenophon, and Docheiariou. In addition, he collected material from the Protaton, the administrative centre of the Holy Mountain. Millet's missions made the study of the Athonite archives a primary concern for subsequent generations of French Byzantinists, but he was not the first to attempt to record these rich resources. That honor belongs to Minoïdes Mynas, who, as early as 1843, had been sent by the French government to Athos to purchase manuscripts for the Bibliothèque Nationale. The contents of the Athonite archives may be divided into public and private documents, which include the imperial typika of John Tzimiskes, Constantine IX Monomachos, and Manuel II Palaiologos.
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