Abstract and Keywords
Byzantine texts not only fulfil a wide range of functions within their cultural context of production, but are also carriers of literary meaning. By understanding such a meaning, we can better appreciate Byzantine culture as a whole. Due to a confluence of reasons, however, concerted efforts to apply literary criticism, partly with the support of literary theory, to a literary understanding of the texts written in Byzantium have been made only in the past three decades. The first attempts at literary criticism focused on texts that fit more easily into modern concepts of literature, such as the romances. This article discusses various theories used to study Byzantine literature, and presents indicative examples of studies that have used them. These theories, which range from socio-historical analysis of the texts to thematics, intertextuality, and reader-orientated approaches, can be used by critics interested in the interpretation of Byzantine literature. However, the article argues the importance of interdisciplinarity and theory, together with history as complementary methods in the application of literary criticism to Byzantine texts.
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