- List of Contributors
- List of Illustrations, Plans, Maps, Charts
- Byzantine Studies as an Academic Discipline
- Primary Sources
- Chronology and Dating
- Late Roman and Byzantine Weights and Weighing Equipment
- Critical Approaches to Art History
- Literary Criticism
- Textual Criticism
- Lexicography and Electronic Textual Resources
- Greek Palaeography
- Topography of Constantinople
- Communications: Roads and Bridges
- Population, Demography, and Disease
- The Economy
- Justice Legal Literature
- Byzantium and Its Neighbours
- Byzantium's Role in World History
- Patriarchs and Popes
Abstract and Keywords
Art historians have always employed a variety of methodological approaches to study Byzantine art. With the notable exception of Kurt Weitzmann, however, most Byzantinists have recently put an explicit emphasis on theory, tacitly adopting particular critical tactics without comment. In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, debates on the nature of art and art history recognized, but did not often focus on, Byzantium. As a result, critical approaches to the art of the East Roman Empire remained essentially similar to the approaches to medieval art in general until the twentieth century. This article examines the critical approaches used to study the history of Byzantine art, focusing on the period before 1980 and during the 1980s.
Leslie Brubaker, Professor of Byzantine Art, University of Birmingham.
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