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date: 04 December 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Liberation theology is a form of contextual theology, in which the experience and circumstances of the interpreters are given a prime importance as the first step in seeking to be a disciple of Jesus. It is aptly summarized in the popular education material familiar in Latin American churches, where priority is given to the ‘text of life’ as the key to the approach to the biblical text. This article discusses liberation theology and contextual theology; the historical context of the theology of liberation, looking at the Second Vatican Council, the Vatican reaction after 1989, the collapse of communism, and the future of liberation theology; epistemology and the method of liberation theology; the Bible as the written text and the text of life; liberation theology and ideological criticism; and liberation's contribution to systematic theology.

Keywords: liberation theology, systematic theology, Latin America, contextual theology, Second Vatican Council, ideological criticism

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