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date: 17 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Traditionally, eschatology comprised the ‘four last things’ that the Christian faith expects to be the destiny of humans at the end of time: resurrection, last judgement, heaven, and hell. These formed the last section of a dogmatics or a systematic theology, a position they still usually occupy. But in the twentieth century, eschatology ceased to be merely one doctrinal topic among others to be treated after the others; it became something more like a dimension of the whole subject matter of theology. With this development, this article discusses eschatology as the direction of Christian theology; the Christological basis of eschatology; eschatology in cultural contexts; holistic eschatology; eschatological language; the parousia; the last judgement and the question of universal salvation; and the kingdom of God, the vision of God, and eternal participation in God.

Keywords: Christian eschatology, Christian faith, Christology, holistic eschatology, universal salvation, God's kingdom

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