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date: 18 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article describes simultaneous interpreting (SI) with special regard to its historical development, the models drawn up to capture its underlying neurolinguistic and cognitive processes, and some of the major issues investigated in past and present research. Simultaneous interpreting is one of the basic modes in which the translational activity of interpreting can be carried out. It is characterized by its immediacy. Source and target language messages are typically in a natural language, in the spoken or signed modality, and essentially ephemeral, requiring immediate processing. The best-known and prototypical form of simultaneous interpreting is spoken-language SI in conference-like settings. SI has been at the heart of scientific interest in interpreting ever since its technology-based form and became widely adopted after World War II. It is studied with special regard to its neurolinguistic foundations and complex cognitive processes.

Keywords: simultaneous interpreting, cognitive processes, immediacy, ephemeral, neurolinguistic foundations, modality

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