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date: 13 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article outlines the strengths and limitations of the tidal and tectonic metaphors and introduces the potential insights offered by adding relativity and reflexivity to the metaphorical soup. Three claims regarding the use of metaphors in understanding bureaucratic development are presented through an examination of two of the most profound developments in contemporary bureaucracy: the shift from administrative to market-based delivery of public goods and the erosion of regulatory boundaries between institutions and sectors. The article then shows how tidal and tectonic metaphors are combined with dashes of reflexivity and relativity to capture the dynamic reshaping of the traditional administrative regulatory state. It finally provides several promising research questions for scholars that span metaphorical approaches to American bureaucratic development. It is noted that a theory of administrative reform that integrates the metaphors of tides, tectonics, reflexivity, and relativity will be richer than one which unconsciously accepts a single perspective.

Keywords: American bureaucratic development, tidal metaphors, tectonic metaphors, relativity, reflexivity, market, public good

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