- the oxford handbooks of American Politics
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Abbreviations
- About the Contributors
- A Heritage Made Our Own
- Historical Institutionalism, Political Development, and the Study of American Bureaucracy
- The “First New Federalism” and the Development of the Administrative State, 1883–1929
- A Gendered Legacy?: The Progressive Reform Era Revisited
- Reevaluating Executive‐Centered Public Administrative Theory
- Metaphors and the Development of American Bureaucracy
- Herbert Hoover's Revenge: Politics, Policy, and Administrative Reform Movements
- Agency Theory and the Bureaucracy
- Agency Design and Evolution
- Goal Ambiguity and the Study of American Bureaucracy
- Street‐Level Bureaucracy Theory
- The Promises and Paradoxes of Performance‐Based Bureaucracy
- Leading Through Cultural Change
- Postmodernism, Bureaucracy, and Democracy
- Myths, Markets, and the <i>Visible Hand</i> of American Bureaucracy
- Networking in the Shadow of Bureaucracy
- The Promises, Performance, and Pitfalls of Government Contracting
- Reluctant Partners?: Nonprofit Collaboration, Social Entrepreneurship, and Leveraged Volunteerism
- Policy Tools, Mandates, and Intergovernmental Relations
- Promises, Perils, and Performance of Netcentric Bureaucracy
- Multilevel Methods in the Study of Bureaucracy
- Legislative Delegation of Authority to Bureaucratic Agencies
- “Presidentializing” the Bureaucracy
- Bureaucracy, Democracy, and Judicial Review
- Interest Groups, Rulemaking, and American Bureaucracy
- Policymaking, Bureaucratic Discretion, and Overhead Democracy
- Choice‐Theoretic Approaches to Bureaucratic Structure
- Has Governance Eclipsed Government?
- Revitalizing Human Resources Management
- Representative Bureaucracy
- Innovations in Budgeting and Financial Management
- The Prospects for Revitalizing Ethics in a New Governance Era
- Experimental Methods, Agency Incentives, and the Study of Bureaucratic Behavior
- Name Index
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
This article first outlines the competing definitions, aims, and perspectives on budgeting and budgets that have informed practice, scholarship, and theory building during the twentieth century. Next, it provides a discussion of the primary tenets, historical antecedents, and budget reforms offered over the past decades, showing how little is really ‘new’ under the sun. It also summarizes three major and distressing trends that broach politics and technical-rationality in the twenty-first century: tax expenditures, unfunded mandates, and entitlement program growth. It then illustrates their linkage to traditional approaches and their insufficiency in dealing with the reality of budgetary politics in the United States. Additionally, it argues that the fiscal profligacy that these trends reflect is the result of a dominance of political-philosophical forces over technical forces. Four major avenues of future research are finally given.
Daniel R. Mullins is Associate Professor of Public Administration and Policy in the School of Public Affairs at American University.
John L. Mikesell is Chancellor's Professor of Public and Environmental Affairs in the School of Public and Environmental Affairs at Indiana University-Bloomington.
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