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date: 26 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Despite notable antecedents, as early as Bolzano, analytic philosophy emerged as a movement at the very end of the nineteenth century when Russell and Moore launched an attack on the neo-Hegelian philosophy that was then dominant in Britain. In Russell’s case the revolt came after an extended attempt to construct a neo-Hegelian encyclopaedia of the sciences and focused on the neo-Hegelian treatment of relations. Moore’s engagement with neo-Hegelianism was briefer and less extensive and his critique focused on the vestigial psychologism of Bradley’s treatment of judgement. Though Russell was primarily interested in the philosophy of mathematics and Moore in ethics, they combined to replace neo-Hegelianism by a philosophy that was atomist, direct-realist, and radically anti-psychologistic. The chapter outlines their work as neo-Hegelians, the reasons that led them to change their position, and the broad outlines of their new philosophy.

Keywords: Russell, Moore, neo-Hegelianism, internal and external relations, anti-psychologism, philosophical analyses, transcendental arguments

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