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date: 25 February 2020

(p. xiii) List of Tables

(p. xiii) List of Tables

  1. 2.1 Health Care Spending in OECD Countries, 2008 12

  2. 2.2 Percent Change in Health Spending and GDP, 1970–2008 16

  3. 2.3 Number of CT Scanners and MRI Units per Million Persons, 2008 22

  4. 2.4 Percentage Change in Mortality per 100,000 Capita for FiveCommon Chronic Diseases, 1970–2007 25

  5. 3.1 Selected Health Indicators and GDP Per Capita 33

  6. 3.2 Health System Financing 35

  7. 3.3 Health System Inputs 39

  8. 3.4 Inequalities Within Country Groupings 41

  9. 3.5 The Impact of Weak Information Systems 50

  10. 7.1 Socioeconomic Status and Health, NHIS 1990, Ages 25–64 135

  11. 11.1 Spending on Health and Mental Health as Share of GDP 234

  12. 11.2 Psychiatric Beds per 100,000 Population 236

  13. 15.1 Out-of-Pocket Payments in Different Regions of the World 331

  14. 15.2 Countries with Out-of-Pocket Expenditures 〉60 Percentof Total Health Expenditures in 2005 332

  15. 17.1 Effectiveness and Market Distortions of Different Strategiesto Make Individual Health Insurance Affordable for High Risks ina Competitive Insurance Market with Open Enrollment 392

  16. 17.2 Criteria to Compare Three Modalities (see Figure 17.1) of Organizingthe Payment Flows of Risk-Adjusted Subsidies 399

  17. 21.1 Estimates of Stocks of Physicians who Emigrated fromSelected Sub-Saharan African Countries 508

  18. 31.1 Costs and QALYs of Mutually Exclusive Alternatives 751

  19. 31.2 Incremental Costs and QALYs of Mutually Exclusive Alternatives 752

  20. 32.1 Uncertainty in Population Net Health Benefits 769

  21. 32.2 Uncertainty in Net Health Benefits 772

  22. 33.1 Classification Systems of Generic Preference-Based Measuresof Health 790

  23. (p. xiv) 33.2 Valuation Methods of Generic Preference-Based Measures of Health 794

  24. 34.1 Differences in Health Streams Across Patients (Figures in Terms of QALY) 827

  25. 35.1 Changes in Inequality With and Without Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) in Rural Tanzania 862

  26. 36.1 Age Distribution of Health Spending, United States, 2004 871

  27. 36.2 Age Distribution of Health Spending Across ountries 872

  28. 36.3 Internal Rates of Return to Medicare 885

  29. 38.1 Percentage of Articles Falling in Each of Williams' Categories in the Two Leading Health Economics Journals up to 2000 929

  30. 38.2 Contributions from this Volume to Each of Williams' Categories930