- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Boxes
- List of Contributors
- Health Systems in Industrialized Countries
- Health Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries
- The Political Economy of Health Care
- The Promise of Health: Evidence of the Impact of Health on Income and Well-Being
- Health Production
- Socioeconomic Status and Health: Dimensions and Mechanisms
- Determinants of Health in Childhood
- Economics of Infectious Diseases
- Economics of Health Behaviors and Addictions: Contemporary Issues and Policy Implications
- Economics and Mental Health: an International Perspective
- Public-Sector Health Care Financing
- Voluntary Private Health Insurance
- Health Care Cost Growth
- User Charges
- Insurance and the Demand for Medical Care
- Guaranteed Access to Affordable Coverage in Individual Health Insurance Markets
- Managed Care
- Hospitals: Teaming Up
- Primary Care
- The Global Health Workforce
- The Economics of the Biopharmaceutical Industry
- Disease Prevention, Health Care, and Economics
- Long-Term Care
- Physician Agency and Payment for Primary Medical Care
- Provider Payment and Incentives
- Non-Price Rationing and Waiting Times
- Increasing Competition Between Providers in Health Care Markets: The Economic Evidence
- Measuring Organizational Performance
- Health System Productivity
- The Methods of Cost-Effectiveness Analysis to Inform Decisions about the Use of Health Care Interventions and Programs
- Analyzing Uncertainty in Cost-effectiveness For Decision-making
- Health Utility Measurement
- Concepts of Equity and Fairness in Health and Health Care
- Measuring inequality and Inequity in Health and Health Care
- Inter-Generational Aspects of Health Care
- Econometric Evaluation of Health Policies
- Health Economics and Policy: the Challenges of Proselytizing
Abstract and Keywords
This article reviews the past two decades of research on the SES–health gradient, with a focus on how the mechanisms linking health to each of the dimensions of SES diverge and coincide. It discusses the concept of SES in four domains, namely, education, financial resources, rank, and race and ethnicity. It lays some basic facts about the SES-health gradient and gives a detailed description of each of these socioeconomic correlates of health. This article further examines education and financial resources and concentrates on conceptual approaches that view the individual in isolation. It focuses on the interplay between the individual and society and links between occupation and health. It then summarizes the evidence on racial and ethnic differences in health and provides some concluding remarks.
David M. Cutler is the Otto Eckstein Professor of Applied Economics in the Department of Economics and Kennedy School of Government. Cutler's work in health economics and public economics has earned him significant academic and public acclaim. Cutler is the author of Your Money or Your Life: Strong Medicine for America's Health Care System, published by Oxford University Press. This book, and Professor Cutler's ideas, were the subject of a feature article in the New York Times Magazine, “The Quality Cure,” by Roger Lowenstein. Cutler is a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research and a member of the Institute of Medicine.
Adriana Lleras-Muney is an associate professor in the Economics Department at UCLA and a research associate of the NBER. She received her Ph.D. from Columbia University and was an assistant professor at Princeton University. Her research examines the relationships between socioeconomic status and health and the effect of disease on economic development.
Tom Vogl is a Ph. D. Candidate in Economics at Harvard University and a doctoral fellow of the Multidisciplinary Program on Inequality and Social Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School.
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