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date: 18 August 2019

(p. 821) Index

(p. 821) Index

absolutism282–95, 303–5
absolutism, origins289–90
Accursius157, 159
Adams, Abigail644
Adams, Herbert Baxter62
Adams, John644, 703
Adeimantus101–3
Adorno, Theodor65, 456, 488, 490–1
Advaita philsophy805
Aeschylus77–8, 704
Aglout, Marie d'370
Agora75–6, 93
Agreement of the People268–9
al‐Afghani, J.166, 175, 177
Albigensian Crusade757
al‐Bishri, Tariq797
Alexander of Alexandria148
Alexander the Great124, 129–32, 136, 255, 647–8
Alexander VI, Pope249
Al‐Farabi27–8, 33 n. 7, 34, 165–71, 177–8, 791
Alghazali171
Alkindi165
Almain, Jacques577, 716
al‐Mulk, Nizam792
Alrazi165
al‐Sayyid, Lufti797
Althusius, Johannes578
Ambrose of Milan143, 146–7, 537
American Political Science Association63
American Revolution291, 593
American Social Science Association61
Anabaptists243–4, 693
analytical philosophy480, 484, 486–7, 496
analytical political philosophy486–7, 496 see analytical philosophy
anarchism721, 725–36
Indian813
libertarian675
philosophical721–2
anarcho‐syndicalism729, 734
Anderson, Benedict92
Anderson, Elizabeth620
Angle, Stephen781
animal rights see rights
Antiphon77–9
Antony, St151
apartheid805, 818
Aquinas, St Thomas193–6, 351, 508, 533, 539–40, 576, 612, 706, 716, 757
Arendt, Hannah54, 64, 440, 443, 445, 457, 495
aristocracy97, 109, 113, 118
Aristophanes34, 77
Aristotle1–2, 31, 48, 50, 55, 61, 79–80, 82, 92, 96–8, 104–6, 110–18, 122, 124, 130, 165–8, 171, 173, 175, 190–1, 193, 195, 250 n. 3, 251–2, 282, 349–50, 352, 356, 358–62, 437, 447–8, 517, 520, 526, 549, 553–4, 557, 566, 575, 701, 703–5, 707, 713, 725, 735, 738, 740, 746, 756, 767, 791
Constitution of Athens89–90, 92
ideal constitution116–18
neo‐Aristotelianism628, 637
Nicomachean Ethics108, 116–17, 165
Politics96, 106, 110–18
Arius148
Armory v. Delamirie605
Arneson, Richard618, 620
Aron, Raymond482
asceticism151–2
ASPCA758
Assyria80
(p. 822) Astell, Mary742, 749
Astyages84
Athanasius of Alexandria144
Augsburg, Peace of565
Augustine, St142–4, 147–8, 150–1, 197, 201, 230, 253, 288, 297, 612, 691, 697, 757
City of God143–4, 147–8, 150–1
Augustus, Emperor145, 282, 575
Austin, J. L.14, 57, 284
Austin, John532, 549, 555
authority722
questioning481–3
autonomy526, 777–8, 783, 785
Averroes (ibn Rushd)165, 171, 173–5, 178, 791
Avicenna (ibn Sinna)165–6, 168–71, 178, 791
Avineri, Shlomo409
Avrich, Paul389
Ayer, A. J.457–8
Aymar du Rivail160
Aztecs249, 252
Bachofen, J. J.162
Bacon, Francis34, 224
Bakunin, Mikhail379, 381–2, 389, 721, 729–34
Baldus163
Balzac, Honoré de372
baptism, infant242–3
Barker, Ernest63
Barry, Brian424–5, 430, 458, 474, 507
Barth, Karl763
Bartolus157, 159–60
Basham811
basic goods459, 469, 628–30
basic income617–18
Bastiat, Frédéric337, 681, 683
Baudouin, François160
Bayle, Pierre285, 297, 332, 697
Beard, Charles63
Beaumelle, Laurent Angliviel de la299
Beauvoir, Simone de741
Bebel, August400–1, 666
behaviorism48, 64
Beitz, Charles475
Bellarmine, Cardinal290
Bentham, Jeremy45, 55–6, 62, 331, 342, 419–20, 422, 508, 519, 530–1, 549, 662, 720, 758, 803
Berkeley, George349
Berlin, Isaiah121–4, 126, 134, 140, 406–8, 418, 424–8, 443, 457–8, 625, 638
Berman, Sheri666
Bernstein, Edouard405, 409, 456, 666
Beveridge Report667–8
Beveridge, W. H.594
Bevir, Mark12 n. 1, 21, 57
Bhagavad Ghita805, 808–9, 813–14, 817
Bible143, 145–6
1 Peter287
New Testament143, 145, 147, 232
Old Testament143–6, 150, 232
Romans 13287
Bismark, Otto von665
Blackstone, William284, 599
Blake, Michael475
Blakey, Robert62
Blanc, Louis377–80, 389
Blickle, Peter238
Bloom, Allan737
Bluntschli, Johann61–2
Boesche, Roger333
Bologna156, 159, 188
Bonaparte, Napoleon157, 161–2, 211, 316, 334, 337, 339, 651
Boniface VIII, Pope286
Borgia, Cesare211
Bosanquet, Bernard415, 422, 439, 442, 456
Bossuet, Bishop283, 285, 288–90, 302
Botero, Jean293
Boucher, Jean579
Boulanvilliers, Henri de306, 332
Bradley, F. H.415, 422
Brennan, Gerald382
Briggs, Asa660, 662
Bright, John341
Britain298–9, 301, 304–8 see also England
(p. 823) Brook Farm375
Brown, John305
Bruni, Leonardo207
Bryce, James63, 438–9
Buchanan, George4, 577–9, 716–17
Buchanan, James477
Buchez, Philippe376
Buddhism756
Bull, Hedley557
Burgess, John W.62
burial of dead136
Burke, Edmund54, 314, 508
Burrow, John13
Butler, Judith485–6, 737, 747
Butler, Melissa55
Butterfield, Herbert12
Cabet, Étienne376
Caiaphas149
Calibresi, Guido602
caliphate791–2, 795, 797, 799
Calvin, Jean227–34, 236–7, 251, 693–5, 707
Calvinism285
Cambridge School11–14, 18–19, 49–57, 68–9
Cambyses84–5
Cameron, Ewan565–6
Candaules80
Cano, Melchor246–7, 252–3, 255
canon47, 49, 54, 61–6, 69, 509, 737–45, 749–50
canon law see law
capabilities619
capacities629, 631–2
capitalism716
capitalism, emerging215
Carlyle, Thomas372
Cassius the Skeptic134
caste807, 809, 814
Castellio, Sebastian694–5
Catalonia735
Catlin, G. E. G.64, 443
Cato's Letters639
cave, allegory of104, 110
Cavendish, Margaret742, 744, 749
Cavendish, William742
Cephalus88
Chamberlin, Wilt456, 466
Charles I, King263, 291, 456, 466, 575
Charles II, King272, 575, 697
Charles II (King of Spain)303
Charles the Bald (King of West Franks)575
Charles V, Emperor235, 249–50, 255, 565
Chastellux, Marquis de308
checks and balances292, 335–6, 523, 693, 696–8
Chernyshevsky, Nikolai383–5, 389
Chesterton, G. K.734
China509–10
Christendom207, 209
Chrysippus125–6, 135–6
Church, Catholic142–3, 148–9, 185–9, 207, 227, 236, 242–3, 284, 551, 553, 565–7, 569, 690–2, 696, 698–9, 714–15, 757
Great Schism715
Churchill, Winston52
Cicero126, 143–4, 210, 218, 534, 574, 589, 612, 638, 678, 701–3, 706
citizenship586–98
cosmopolitan595
legal591–3, 596
republican586–90, 596
civil disobedience805, 813, 818
civil society360–5, 404, 445
Claeys, Gregory369 n. 1, 376
Clark, M. G.747
Cleanthes125
Clement of Alexandria144
Cobden, Richard341
coercion625–8, 631–5
Cohen, G. A.410, 463, 618, 620
Colbert, Jean‐Baptiste303
Cole, G. D. H.372, 526
Collingwood, R. G.14, 20, 67
Collini, Stefan18, 60
Columbia School of Political Science62–3
Columbus, Christopher501
commercial class342–3
(p. 824) communicative reason490, 495–6
communism243 see also socialism
Zeno136
communitarianism466–8, 494, 507, 773
Comte, Auguste437, 439, 441–2, 444, 446, 448, 450, 453
conciliarism576–7, 715, 717
Condorcet, M., Marquis de440
Conference for the Study of Political Thought68
Confucianism771–88
Confucianism, Neo‐Confucians782
Confucius771
Connolly, William56, 485, 495
Conrad, Joseph734
consent55, 268, 270, 277, 321, 551–2, 574, 576, 578, 580, 592, 712–13, 715–20, 726
express719
hypothetical460, 551, 592, 720
tacit551, 574, 576, 579, 713, 719–20
consequentialism see utilitarianism
conservatism326
Considerant, Victor376
Constance, Council of715
Constant, Benjamin316, 332, 334–41, 470, 625
Constantine, Emperor142–6, 148, 187, 243, 690–1, 696
Constantius, Emperor143–4
constitution96–8, 111–18
ideal, Aristotle116–18
U.S.707
“Constitutional Draft”239–40
Constitutionalism239–40, 290
constitutions, classification of109–10, 113–14
Contextualism25–6, 29–35, 41
continental philosophy480–3
contract of government see social contract
Copernicus, Nicolaus349, 462
Corpus juris civilis156, 188
cosmopolitanism127–8, 131–5, 429–31, 507
Cotton, John695
Court, Julian de la274
Court, Pieter de la274, 310
Crawford, P.749
Crick, Bernard61
Critchley, Simon481
Croesus79–82, 84, 86
Cromwell, Oliver267, 269
Cropsey, Joseph65
Crowder, George427
Cua, Antonio780
customs209
Cynics120, 127 n. 2, 151
Cyprian148–51
Cyrus79–82, 84–5
Dahl, Robert48, 65, 519
Dallmayr, Fred494
Dante Alghieri210–11, 286
Darius79–80, 82, 85–6
Darwin, Charles402, 406, 441, 732, 803
David (King of Israel)146, 231
Davidson, Donald20–1
Decius142
Declaration of Independence44, 720
Deconstruction36, 43–4, 483, 491
Decretum see also Gratian
Defoe, Daniel15
Deioces80, 83–4
Deleuze, Gilles483
Deliberatin76, 85, 90, 93
Demaratus624
Democracy274, 814–15
deliberative520, 523, 525–7
direct702
in Confucianism784
in Islamic thought 896–9
institutions522–5
representative523, 526, 702
social665
democratic assembly522–3
Democritus77
Denmark, Estates282
DenUyl, Douglas686
(p. 825) dependency theory654, 656–7
Depostism311–16
Derrida, Jacques43–4, 56, 69, 483, 491, 493
Derrion, Michel375
Descartes, René2, 40–1, 297, 335–6, 742, 757
Desert466
Despotism282, 290, 331–5, 337–341, 345–6, 522
despots, enlightened285, 293
Destutt de Tracy, A. L. C.336
Dewey, John336, 428–9, 432, 457, 521, 524, 526, 785
Dickens, Charles372
dictatorship of proletariat732
Diderot, Denis161, 297
difference principle see Rawls, John
global505
Digest286 see also law, Roman
Dikê78
Dilke, Charles652
Diocletian, Emperor142
Diogenes Laertius133–5
Diogenes of Sinope129
Diognetus150
Diotogenes145
Disraeli, Benjamin651
dissoi logoi (double arguments)91–3
divine right of kings283, 285–7, 293, 562
Domat, Jean161, 541
Domination638–46
and fear639–46
and imagination641–6
Dominicans193, 196–7
Domitian, Emperor144
Donation of Constantine187
Donatists149–51
Douglass, Frederick637–8, 640, 642–5
Doyle, Michael649–50
Drako77, 157
Drury, Shadia28 n. 3
Dubois, Guillaume, Cardinal302
Dubos, Jean‐Baptiste306
Dunn, John12–13, 56, 67
Dunning, William A.62–5
Dunoyer, Charles337
Duns Scotus, Johannes198, 576
Duplessis‐Mornay, Philippe578
Durkheim, Émile444, 447–50, 456–7, 669 n. 12
Dworkin, Ronald418–19, 424–5, 463, 615–18, 620
Easton, David48, 65, 458
Eberle, Christopher470
Ebionites757
Ecphantus145
Edict of Nantes697
Egoism682–3
Eisenstein, Zilla747
Eley, Geoff389
Elliott, William Y.64
Elton, G. R.12, 18, 227
Emerson, Ralph W.158
Empedocles756
Emperor, Christian attitudes towards144–7
Empire647–57
Empire, British656
Empire, Holy Roman207
empire, informal656
Empire, Roman see Rome
Enfantin, prosper374
Engels, Friedrich181, 362, 371–2, 387, 389, 393–413, 552, 666, 743
England see Britain
Act of Appeals285
Civil War284–5, 288, 291, 297, 580, 590, 707, 718, 742
Glorious Revolution304, 517, 707
Revolution261, 263, 266–7
Toleration Act698
Enlightenment296–318, 482–3, 485, 488, 491–2, 495, 693, 725–6, 758
critique of488–92
German299, 348
radical296–8
Scottish61, 319–30
Epicureanism297, 507
Epicureans120, 122, 124, 127 n. 2, 140
Epicurus574
Erasmus, Desiderius216, 219, 693
Erastianism285, 565, 567
eschatology150–1
esoteric meaning53–4
esoteric writing24–9
Essenes369
ethical life360–3
Euclid v. Ambler Realty609
Euripides77, 96, 100
European Union503, 562–3, 570–1, 596
Eusebius145–6, 149
existentialism481
externalities604–5, 608
family739
in Confucian thought774, 778–9, 785
Fanon, Franz486, 494, 657
Feinberg, Joel462
feminism49, 54–5, 669–70, 737–55
feminist interpretation see feminism
feminist methodology744–9
Fénelon, François292, 306, 332
Ferdinand (King of Spain)249
Ferguson, Adam308–9, 319, 325, 328, 440–1, 797
feudalism575
Feuerbach, Ludwig387, 409, 412
Fichte, J. G.348, 353–60, 363
Figgis, J. N.567, 715
Filmer, Robert276, 285, 288–91, 740, 749
Fishkin, James417, 432
Fitzhugh, George50, 637
Flanders215–16
Fletcher, Andrew311
Florence208–14, 590
militia210
Forbes, Duncan13, 18, 20
force208–10
Ford, Henry53 n. 3
Forms, Platonic104, 349–50, see also Plato
Fortescue, John282, 305, 577–8
Foucault, Michel20, 38, 44–5, 56, 68–9, 483–4, 489–91, 495
Foucault, Michel, Discipline and Punish44–5
Fourier, Charles371, 373–6, 383, 614
France, Estates‐General282
France
Fronde288, 297
Gallican decree285
religious wars259, 288
Salic Law289
Francione, Gary764
Francis of Assisi, St197–200
Franciscans193, 197–202
Spiritual198
Frankfurt School64, 456, 482, 489, 491
Frankfurt, Harry415, 419, 619–20
Fraser, Nancy621, 670
Frazier, J. G.283
Frederick the Great307
Frederick the Wise, Elector of Saxony237
free market324, 634–5
Freeden, Michael415, 664
freedom105, 278, 332, 335, 346, 463, 469, 634–6, 712, 805, 810–11, 813, 815–16, 818
absence of domination590
and gender749–50
impossibility and626–8, 632–3
negative266–7, 422, 425, 590, 592, 624–5, 629–35, 638, 644
of ancients and moderns335, 470
of conscience322
of moderns589, 638
of society625, 629–31
positive266–7, 422, 425, 589, 624–6, 628–31, 633, 638, 663
religious689–99
republican266, 625, 638
Spinoza274–5
spiritual804, 806–7, 810–13, 816–18
French Revolution296–7, 314–15, 334, 348, 350–1, 353, 358, 363–4, 373, 446, 488, 567, 582–3, 593, 698, 707, 725–7
French Revolution, Terror316, 353–4, 488
Freud, Sigmund38, 41, 456–7
Freudians49 see also Freud, Sigmund
(p. 827) Fribourg, E. F.380
Friedman, David684
Friedman, Milton669, 682
Friedrich Wilhelm, Emperor377
Froben, John216
Fromm, Erich633
Fronde see France
Froude, James652
Gadamer, Hans‐Georg27 n. 1, 41–4, 67, 492–4, 508
Gaius158, 191
Galileo48, 462
Gallagher, John649, 656–7
Galston, William424–7, 470
Gandhi, Mohandas54, 758, 803–19
Garner, Robert764
Gauthier, David424
Gelasius, Pope186, 189
gender737–50
genealogical method491
genealogy36, 44–5
general will351–2, 520–1, 551
Genoa287
Gentili, Alberto570–1
Geoffrey of Fontaine714 n. 2
George I (King of England)304
George, Duke of Saxony237
George, Stefan65
German Idealism see Idealism, German
Gerson, Jean576, 715
Ghen v. Rich606
Ghose, Aurobindo803–8, 815–16, 818–19
Giddens, Anthony670–1
Gilman, Charlotte Perkins741, 743
Glaucon101
global justice see justice
global legal system503
global politics508–10
globalization501–13, 520–1, 527, 595
Glossators156, 159, 189
Glossators, post156, 159
Godon, Jean‐Baptiste375
Godwin, William725–31, 733
Goethe, Johann348
Golden Age369
Golden Rule533, 536
Goodin, Robert668
Gorgias77, 87–9, 91–3, 100
government, limited552, 556–7
government, representative726
Graham, A. C.771
Gramsci, Antonio456
Grasaille, Charles de292
Gratian159, 187, 191–2, 197, 534–7, 540, 715
Gratian, Decretum534, 537 see also Gratian
Gratian, Emperor143, 146, 159
Gray, John420
Green, T. H.345, 415, 417, 423, 427–9, 594, 663
Gregory IX, Pope692
Gregory of Nyssa147
Gregory VII, Pope186–7, 189
Gregory VII, Pope, Dictatus Papae187
Gregory X, Pope540
Grotius, Hugo247–8, 250, 259–61, 269, 271, 276, 284, 296, 351, 539, 541, 570–1, 580–1, 600, 744
Gyges79–80, 82
Habermas, Jürgen428, 486, 490–1, 495–6, 503, 519, 523
Haggard, Rider652
Haimo of Halberstadt533
Halevi, Judah28
Hallowell, John65
Hamilton, Alexander707
Hansen, Chad773
Hapsburgs241
Hardt, Michael496, 657
Hare, R. M.419–20
harmony, Confucian780–4
harmony, social811–13
Harrington, James269–71, 707, 749
Oceana270
Harris, David668
Hart, H. L. A.443, 458, 463, 469, 555
Hartshorne, Charles764
Hawthorne, Nathaniel375
Hayek, Friedrich443, 477, 631, 669, 674, 682–3
(p. 828) Haykal, Muhammad Husayn797
Heclo, Hugh666–7
Hegel, G. W. F.4, 43, 61, 63, 121–2, 124–5, 348, 351, 353, 355–65, 383, 387, 397–8, 404, 406–10, 412, 439, 445–7, 480, 482, 488, 494, 544, 557, 738, 744
Philosophy of Right358–65
Hegelianism see Hegel, G. W. F.
Heidegger, Martin30–3, 41, 43, 65, 484, 488–9, 493–4
Hellenistic period120–41
Henri IV (King of France)303, 578–9
Henrich, Dieter362
Henry II (King of England)603
Henry IV, Emperor186–7
Henry of Ghent714 n. 2
Henry VIII, King648, 693
Heraclitus77
Herder, Johann Gottfried von425, 492
heresy689–99
Arian691
Cathar692
Donatist691
Hussite692
Lollard692
Waldensian692
Hergot, Hans243
hermeneutics41–43, 45
Herodotus77–6, 136
Herzen, Alexander382 n. 5, 383–5, 386 n. 8, 387, 389
Hesiod76, 78
Hess, Moses396
Hierocles127, 129, 136, 138–40
Hilary of Poitiers144
Hilferding, Rudolf654–5
Himmelfarb, Gertrude743
Hinduism756, 803–19
Hinman v. Pacific Air Transport606
Hippias77
Hippocrates76
historiai (researches)79
Historicism53, 65, 67–8, and see “contextualism”
history of political philosophy, as discipline60–72
history of political philosophy, contextual approach11–23
History of Political Thought68
history, philosophical327–8
Hitler, Adolf51–3, 655
Hobhouse, L. T.345, 415, 423, 427, 457, 594, 662–5, 670
Hobson, J. A.415, 423, 652–6, 662
Hohfeld, Wesley531, 599
Hölderlin, Friedrich358
Holy Roman Empire249, 553, 564–5, 647–8, 706, see also Empire
Home, Henry (Lord Kames)319, 323, 328
Homer76, 78, 93, 105, 143
Honig, Bonnie495
Honorius Augustodunensis533
Hont, Istvan316
Hook, Sidney406–7
Hooker, Brad420, 427, 430
Hooker, Richard579
Horkheimer, Max64–5, 456, 488, 490
Horne, Thomas662
Hostiensis537–8, 540
Hotman, François207
Hubmaier, Balthasar232, 238, 242
Hudson, Michael289
Hugh St Victor533
Hugo, Gustav162
Huguccio536–7
human nature806
Humane Society759
humanism, civic704
humanitarian intervention508, 563, 569–71
Hume, David3, 258, 272, 290, 298, 300, 307, 309, 312, 319–20, 322–28, 437, 440, 508, 582, 603, 613–14, 720–21, 744, 758
Hunton, Philip580
(p. 829) Hurka, Thomas415
Hutcheson, Francis319–23, 325, 758
Hutcheson, Thomas744
Hutter, Jakob244
Hutterites244
Huxley, Thomas803
Ibn Bajja165, 169–71
Ibn Khaldun165–6, 175–7, 791
Ibn Tufayl165, 170–3
idealism415–16, 422–3
German348–68
identity467, 491–2
ideology51, 393, 410–12, 452
Imamate795
Imara, Muhammad797–8
imperialism647–59
Marxist theories652–7
Incas249, 252
India509–10
individual180–1, 191
in Muslim thought793–5
individualism338, 716
possessive794–5, see also self‐ownership
Inferior magistrates577, 580
Innocent III, Pope249, 692
Innocent IV, Pope537, 540
inquisition692
Institutes of Justinian157 see also Justinian
intentions, authorial1–2, 37, 56–7, 67–9
international ethics503
international institutions503–5
International Working Man's Association731–2
intuitionism416, 418–19, 426–7
intuitions462
Inverstiture Controversy185–7
invisible hand674, 685 n. 8
Irenaeus147
Irnerius156
Isabella (Queen of Spain)249
Isidore of Seville534–6
Islam789–800
Islamism790
Israel, Jonathan297–9
Italy, city states206–7
ius naturale (right of nature)191–3, 196–7, 247, 254, 532–41
Jacobins315
Jacobs, J. Ellen743
Jacques v. Steenberg Homes Inc.603
Jainism756
James I, King285, 292–3, 304
James II, King271–2, 288, 304, 697–8
James, Alan563
James, Henry734
Janet, Paul62
Jaume, Lucien264
Jefferson, Thomas322, 519, 524, 526, 530–1, 639, 698, 798
Jerome, St143, 151
Jesuits259
Jesus165
jihad791 n. 3
Johannes Monaclius538
John Chrysostom152
John XXII, Pope199, 539
John, Elector of Saxony237
Johnson, Samuel298, 505
Jolowicz, H. F.161
Jones, Gareth373 n. 3, 386
Journal of Political Philosophy477
Jouvenal, Bertrand de570–1
Judaism690, 696, 698–9, 757
Julian, Emperor143–4, 149, 152
justice101, 320–1, 458–65
as fairness459–60, 463–4, 468–9, see also Rawls, John
global474–6, 505
historical conceptions465, 685
Justin Martyr145
Justinian, Emperor156–7, 161, 188, 191, 286, 534, 603
Institutes191, 534, see also law, Roman
(p. 830) Panedects603 see also law, Roman
Karlstadt, Andreas237
karmayoga (yoga of action)817–19
Kaufmann, Walter482
Kautilya812
Kautsky, Karl401, 405, 409, 666
Keeble v. Hickeringill604
Kelly, J. P.422
Kepler, Johannes48
Keynes, J. N.51–2, 653, 666–7
Khalid, Shaykh Khalid Muhammad Khalid798–9
Khomeni, Ruholla, Ayatollah795–6
Kipling, Rudyard652
Knox, John578
Kook, Abraham763
Korsgaard, Christine763
Krasner, Stephen564, 568
Kropotkin, Peter732–4
Kuhn, Thomas462
Kukathas, Chandran430
Kymlicka, Will429–30, 467–8, 473–4, 476, 508
Laclau, Ernesto495–6
Lactantius144–5
Laing, R. D.633
laissez‐faire336, 345, 558–9, 682–3
Larmore, Charles424
Las Casas, Bartolomé de540, 717
Laski, Harold63
Laslett, Peter12–14, 17, 66, 442–4, 451, 456–8
Lassalle, Ferdinand378–9, 389, 401
Lasswell, Harold63
Lavrov, Peter383
Law
canon159–60, 187–9, 191, 715
common603
concept157
divine293
eternal194, 247
human195
international247, 502–3, 555, 557, 592
Islamic789–91
Napoleonic condification140, 156, 159–62
of nations (ius gentium)156, 159, 191, 247–8, 252–5, 508, 534
positive248
Roman law, reception157, 159–60, 162
rule of702, 704–5
Law, John333
legitimacy561, 722
under Confucianism784
Leibniz, Gottfried161, 247, 297, 349–50, 541
Lenin, Vladimir52, 385, 389, 405–6, 409, 481, 502, 654–5
Leopold, Aldo761
Leroux, Pierre369, 370 n. 2, 376
Levellers267–9, 277, 580, 714, 719
Lewis, John599
lex naturalis (law of nature)531–4, 541, see also law, natural
lex regia (royal law)188, 575
Leyva, Diego Covarrubias y246
Liang Qichao783
liberalism44–5, 120, 181
analytical414–15, 423
early258–81
early nineteenth century331–47
feminist critques of471–3, see also feminism
(p. 831) nineteenth and twentieth century414–35
political468–70
utilitarian262, 267
Libertarianism464, 477, 673–88
mutual advantage674, 677
twentieth century682–6
Liberty see freedom
Lichtheim, George372
Lieber, Francis61–2
Liebknecht, Wilhelm400–1
Lilburne, John267
Limousin, Charles380
Lindemann, Albert381
Lindsay, A. D.63
Linzey, Andrew764
Lipsius, Justus293
Livy218, 706–7
Locke, John3–4, 12–13, 48, 50–2, 55, 61, 67, 121, 247, 258, 260, 263, 269, 271–2, 275–8, 290, 320–1, 331, 357, 415, 459, 464, 519, 523, 531, 538, 541, 551–2, 570, 578–9, 581–2, 592–3, 599–601, 612, 640–1, 662, 663 n. 3, 674–6, 679, 682–3, 685–6, 697–8, 704, 712, 714–20, 726, 738–9, 742, 744, 746–50, 794, 797–8, 810
Letter Concerning Toleration278
on women738–9, 746–50
Second Treatise275–8
Logan, George219
logical positivism13, 31–2, 457–8, 462
Loisel, Antoine286
Lomasky, Loren686
Long, A. A.121
Louis Napoleon345, 387, 651
Louis XIV, King283, 301–4, 306–7, 332, 697
Louis XVI (King of France)365
Louis XVIII (King of France)316
Louis‐Phillipe (King of France)376
Loyseau, Charles292
Lucas de Penna160
Lucifer of Cagliari144
luck egalitarianism see equality
Lukacs, Georg456
Luther, Martin54, 227–38, 241–2, 251, 282, 567, 693
Against the Robbing…235
Dr. Martin Luther's Warning235
Freedom of a Christian233
Secular Authority230, 234, 238
state229–30
Luxembourg, Rosa456, 654–5
Lycurgus130, 211, 706
Lyons, David420
Lyotard, François483
Lysias77–8, 87–93
Macaulay, Catherine306
Macaulay, T. B.341
Machiavelli, Niccolo34, 52, 54–6, 65, 67–8, 123, 207–18, 223–4, 259, 269–70, 293, 308, 437, 450, 567, 570, 589–90, 703–4, 706–7
Discourses207–9, 211–13
Prince207–11, 224, 812
MacIntyre, Alasdair122, 466, 494, 773
Mack, Eric686
Macpherson, C. B.51, 68, 794–5
Madison, James519, 523, 590, 702, 707–8
Magna Carta524, 577, 715
Maimonides28, 33 n. 7, 34
Maine, Henry156, 162
Mair (Major), John577, 716
Maistre, Joseph de231
Makhno, Nestor735
Malia, Martin370
Mandeville, Bernard274, 297, 320, 758
Manegold of Lautenbach575–6, 715
Manicheanism152
Manicheans757
Mann, John637
Mannheim, Karl447, 451–3, 456
Marcuse, Herbert64, 456, 482, 494, 633
Mariana, Juan de579, 717
Maritan, Jacques570–1
(p. 832) Marlborough, Duke of304
Marriage742–3
Marshall, T. H.594–5, 663, 668, 670
Marsilius of Padua187, 189, 211, 286, 521, 576, 715
Martyrdom714
Marx canon400–13
Marx‐Aveling, Eleanor404
Marxian tradition393–413, 456 see also Marxism
Marxism50–1, 665, 725, 735 see also Marx
Marxism, failure of495
Marxists49, 451–2 see also Marx
Mary Queen of Scots578
Mawdudi, Abu al‐Ala796
McIlwain, Charles H.64
McLellan, David409
Media80
Medici, Giulio de208, 214
Megabyzes85–6
Mehring, Franz405, 409, 411
Melamed, A. D.602
Melon, Jean‐François307
Memmingen240
Menchaca, Fernando Vázquez de246
Menchu, Rigobertu737
Mencius (Mengzi)775–9
Mendelsohn, S.749
Meritocracy784
Merriam, Charles63–4
Meung, Jean de576
Meyer, Gustav405
Michael of Cesena200
Michels, Roberto456
Mikhailovsky, Nikolai383
Mill, James521
Millar, John319, 323, 328, 441
Miller, David415, 419, 424–6, 429, 621
Milton, John269
Minogue, Kenneth18
mirror for princes292
Islamic792
mixed constitution see constitution
Modernism11–13, 18–19
Moellendorf, Darrel507
Molina, Luis de246, 717
Molinari, Gustav de673, 681, 684
Mommsen, Theodore162
Mommsen, Wolfgang657
Monarchy82–7, 96–7, 109, 113–14, 118, 274, 282–95 passim, 334, 701–2
absolute, France301
constitutional, Hegel363–4
mixed304–6
Stuart284, 290
Tudor284
Montesquieu, C. L. S.161–2, 290, 304, 307–8, 312–16, 327, 332–4, 336–42, 358, 364, 440, 448, 520, 703–4, 707, 740, 745–6, 798
Spirit of the Laws307–8, 312–13
moral sentiments319–20
More, Thomas207, 215–24, 231, 693
Utopia207, 215–24
Mori773–7, 779
Mosca, Gaetano456–7
Moses165
Mouffe, Chantal495
Münster243
Müntzer, Thomas238–9, 243
Muhammad165, 172
multiculturalism429–30, 473–4
Muslim tradition789–802
Mussolini, Benito655
Mu’tazila (rationalist movement)799
Nagel, Thomas431, 476
Namier, Lewis12
Naples297
Narveson, Jan686
nation547
(p. 833) nation state545–7, 556
nationalism566
Indian803–6, 816, 818–19
natural justice see law of nature
natural law see law, of nature
Nebuchadnezzar149
Nedham, Marchmont269, 271
Negri, Antonio496, 657
Neo‐Kantianism61, 522, 526
Neoplatonism150, 152, 757
Nero287, 696
Netherlands694
Neurath, Otto773
New Harmony375
New Lanark374–5
Newton, Isaac297, 349
Nicaea, Council of146, 691
Nicholas of Cusa576
Nicole, Pierre297
Nietzsche, Friedrich34, 36–46, 55–6, 208, 450, 482, 485, 491, 494–5, 509, 738, 750
Genealogy of Morals55
Nine Years War304
Nkrumah, Kwame657
non‐obedience714, 716
non‐obedience, duty of813
non‐violence805, 818–19
Norman, Richard621
Nozick, Robert149–51, 418, 463–5, 467, 469, 477, 573, 582, 614–15, 673–4, 683–6, 735
Anarchy, State, and Utopia463–5, 467, 469, 477
Nussbaum, Martha127–8, 131–3, 135, 138, 139 n. 12, 139 n. 13, 430, 620
Oakeshott, Michael428, 443
Oakley, Francis715–16
obedience199, 287–8
duty of229, 233–4, 238
obligation749
Ockham, William of200–2, 538–9, 576, 757
oikeiosis (appropriateness)138–9
Okin, Susan54, 419 n. 2, 430, 471–3, 737–9
oligarchy82, 85–7, 96–7, 103, 109, 113, 115
O'Neill, Onora431
Optatus of Milevis149, 151
Origen145
original position459, 467, 469 see also Rawls, John
Orlaus, Petri287
Orphism756
orthodoxy691
Otanes85–6
Ottoman Empire792–3, 797
Overton, Richard267–8
Ovid756
Owen, Robert369 n. 1, 371–6, 614
Pactyes84
Paine, Thomas315, 662, 703, 744
Palmieri, Matteo207–8
Palonen, Kari24
paradigm462, 487
Pareto, Vilfredo456–7
Parfit, Derek619–20
Paris Commune522
Parker, Henry284, 580
Parsons, Talcott449
Pascal, Blaise297
Pasquier, Étienne160
Pataki, Janos293
Pateman, Carole749
patriarchalism289
Patterson, Orlando645
Paul (Roman jurist)534
Paul IV, Pope247
Paul, St5, 165, 287, 591, 713–14, 757
Epistle to the Romans229, 238
Peasants War, German229, 238–43
Pelagius147
Pellarin, Charles370 n. 2
people, the518–21
People's Will385
Pereira, Juan de Solórzano y249
perennial problems14, 16–17, 34–5, 49–50, 53
Pericles77, 87–90, 93, 99–100, 518, 526, 624
(p. 834) persecution24, 26, 53, 142, 144–5, 150, 689–99
Persia79–81, 85–6
person, conception of466–7, 469–70
PETA759, 764–5
Peter the Great286
Pettit, Philip414, 417–18, 432, 590, 638–9, 708
phenomenology481
Philip II (King of Spain)247, 286
Philosophy and Public Affairs476
philospher‐king101, 104–7
physiocrats313, 337
Pierre d'Ailly715
piety, filial774, 776, 778
Pisistratus89–90
Pitkin, Hannah720
Pizan, Christine de742
Pizarro, Francisco249
Plamenatz, John443, 806
Plant, Raymond668
Plato1–2, 27–8, 31, 33–4, 47–55, 61, 76–7, 79–80, 86–9, 93, 96, 111–14, 116–17, 122, 124, 130–1, 133, 136, 151, 165–8, 170, 173–5, 208, 293, 349–50, 358, 439, 447, 521, 574, 588, 612, 703–5, 735, 738–40, 791
Charmides98
Gorgias98–101, 106–7
Laches98
Laws106–11, 131, 165, 168
Meno105
Protagoras98–9
Republic33, 98, 101–12, 114, 116–17, 136, 165, 170, 173–4
Thrasymachus293
Statesman107–9, 111, 113–14
Timaeus289
Platonism see Plato
Plekhanov, Georgi385
Plotinus150, 756
pluralism462, 468–9, 492
religious689–90, 696–9
value424–8
Plutarch87, 127–37, 140, 756
Pocock, J. G. A.11–12, 14, 16–19, 22, 67–8, 586, 703–5, 744
Pogge, Thomas475
Poland309
Polemarchus88
Polis75–6, 124, 126, 135, 148, 181, 252, 361, 363, 445, 453, 549, 554, 586, 588, 593
politeia (constitution)88, 90, 92–3
political art99–100, 106–9
political economy50, 100 n. 1, 297, 323, 335–6, 583, 712–24
political obligation
association721
concept712–13
political philosophy
analytical461
Arabic contributions to see Muslim tradition
Classical96–119
comparative493–4, 508–9
contemporary
Anglo‐American456–79
continental480–500
death of440, 443–4, 451, 456–8
early Christian142–63
Hellenistic120–41
Hindu803–20
history of1–2, 47–59
Islamic509
medieval180–205
medieval Arabic contributions to164–79
nature of1–5, 60, 510
origins of75–95
Reformation227–45
Renaissance206–26
value of2–3, 47–59
political science48, 60–1, 64, 328
political theory, nature of3–5, 60
Political Theory476
political thought, nature of3–5, 60
politics, science of190, 193, and see political science
politiques259, 278, 285
Pollock, Frederick62
Polybius211, 405, 703, 706
Polycarp714
Pomponius159–160
Ponet, John716
(p. 835) Popper, Karl52, 410, 426, 432, 437, 443, 453, 457
Porphyry756–8
positivism441–2, 444, 446, 453
logical443
possession605
postmodernism5, 36–46, 49, 55–6, 483, 491
poststructuralism483, 491
Pothier, Robert Joseph541
poverty, apostolic197–200
power38–41, 450–1
Price, Richard305–6
primary goods see also basic goods
Primatt, Humphrey758
private‐public distinction158, 471–4, 521
Prodicus77
Prosper of Aquitaine533
Prostantism, reformers, radical229–30, 237–44
Protagoras77, 99
protection, market supply of680, 683–4
Protestantism690, 692–4
Protestantism, reformers, magisterial227–37
Proudhon, Pierre‐Joseph379–81, 387, 389, 398–9, 537, 727–31
Prynne, William284
Przeworski, Adam665
psychoanalysis54
public goods558, 681, 684, 686
public reason469–70, 507, 549 see also Rawls, John
religious criticisms of470
public‐private distinction55
Pufendorf, Samuel260, 284, 290, 351, 541, 570, 581, 744, 749, 758
Pugachev, Emilian382
Pythagoras369, 756, 758
queer studies745
Quesnay, François313, 442
Quine, W. V. O.20 n. 5, 21
Qutb, Sayid796
Rainborough, Thomas268
Raj803–5
Ramakrishna mission804
Ramakrishna, Sri803–4
Rand, Ayn673–4, 682–5
Rasmussen, Douglas686
Rawls, John48, 83, 120, 258, 279, 327, 415–17, 419–22, 424, 428, 431–2, 458–70, 472–3, 475–7, 486–7, 492, 497, 503, 505–7, 520, 544, 573–4, 582, 615, 619, 625, 666, 685, 721, 780, 795
difference principle460, 463–6, 469, 475–6, 615, 619
overlapping consensus468
Political Liberalism468–70
Theory of Justice458–68
Raz, Joseph415, 427, 545
Razin, Stenka382, 730
Raziq, Ali Abd‐al795, 798 n. 4
rebellion235
recognition357–63, 365
redistribution558–9
reflective equilibrium426, 460–2
Reformation207, 227–44, 284–5, 468, 565, 690, 692–3, 698, 758
communal238, 242
radical237–44, 693
Regan, Tom760–2
Rehberg, A. W.162
Reid, Thomas319
Reinhart Koselleck24
religion209–11, 217
Remigius of Auxerre533
representative government701–2, 704
republic211–15, 217
confederate708
Florentine211–12
Roman211–12
republicanism266, 269–71, 277, 279, 291, 297, 325, 519, 521, 523, 638–9, 645–6, 701–11
classical703–4
concept701–3
liberal703–4
republics308–11, 315
federation of503, 506
(p. 836) resistance233–5, 241, 259, 263–4, 273, 277–9, 290, 575, 577–81, 715–17, 719, 721
non‐resistance287–8
passive288
Responsibility to Protect569
revisionism666
Revolution of 1848370–1, 373, 376–9, 383, 386–8, 729
Richter, Melvin20
Ricoeur, Paul481
right to say no600, 606–8
right, vs. liberty599
rights191–2, 199, 202, 259, 418–24, 427, 429, 464, 466, 468, 473–4, 476, 530–43, 633–4, 677–9, 681–4, 794, 797
animal756–65
human503, 505, 508, 538
in Confucianism783–5
polyethnic474
positive634
property464, 466, 599–601, 603, 605, 675, 683–5
social594, 663–4, 667–8, 670
subjective individual259, 262
subjective natural538
Riley, Jonathan415, 420
Ritchie, D. G.415, 423
Ritson, Joseph758
ritual771–3, 782–3
Robertson, John297–9
Robertson, William319, 328
Robespierre, Maximilien521
Robinson, Ronald649, 656–7
Robson, J. M.743
Rokkan, Stein594
Roland, Pauline376
Roman law see law, Roman
Romans, Epistle to5
Romanticism, German123
Rome79–80, 86, 180, 188–9, 211–12, 217–18, 228, 282, 286, 554, 589–91
constitution211–12
Roman Empire617, 648–9, 651, 690, 704–6, 714
tribunes233
Romulus211
Roosevelt, Franklin D.52, 650
Rorty, Richard126–7, 424, 428–30
Rose, Carol600–1, 608
Rose, Nikolas671
Rosen, Frederick422
Rosen, Michael481
Ross, W. D.426–7
Rossaeus (William Rainolds)578–9
Rothbard, Murray673, 683–4
Rothstein, Bo668
Rousseau, Jean‐Jacques43–4, 52, 53 n. 3, 55–6, 61, 279, 298, 312–13, 315, 351–3, 358, 364, 439, 444, 450, 459, 483–4, 488, 494, 520–4, 550–1, 562, 567, 570, 574, 581–2, 593, 613, 720, 726, 739–40, 745–6, 758, 794, 797–8, 810
Ruffin, Thomas, Justice637
Rufinus (canonist)537
Rufinus of Aquileia537
Rugachev, Emilio730
Ruggie, John565
Rule of St Benedict198
Rupert of Deutz533
Russell, Bertrand52
Russia309
Russian Revolution734–5
Ryan, Alan429
Ryazanov, David405, 411
Ryle, G.13–14
Sabine, George49, 64–5
Sade, Marquis de56
Said, Edward657
Saint‐Pierre, Abbé de307
Saint‐Simon, Duc de306
Saint‐Simon, Henri, comte de337, 371–5, 383, 442, 614
Salamanaca, School of246–57
Sallust218, 706
Salt, Henry758
Sandel, Michael466–8
Sartre, Jean‐Paul493
satayagraha (holding fast to truth)805–6, 818–19
(p. 837) Saul, King of Israel146, 149
Saussure, Ferdinand de37
Savigny, Friedrich von162
Savonarola, Girolamo209, 211, 214
Say, Jean‐Baptiste336
Scanlon, Thomas424
Scapula145
Schappeler, Christoph241
Scheffler, Samuel430, 621
Schelling, Friedrich355, 358
Schiller, Friedrich354
Schlegel, Friedrich348
Schmalkalden, League of235
Schmitt, Carl65, 134, 261, 494–5, 568, 570
Schofield, Malcolm136–7
Schopenhauer, Arthur37 n. 1
Schumpeter, Joseph654–5
Schweitzer, Albert758
science of politics436–53
Sckarosi, Andras287
Scottish Enlightenment see Enlightenment, Scottish
Seely, John652
Selden, John541
self see person, conception of
self‐determination525–7
self, liberal467
self, unencumbered467
self‐defense260, 273, 277, 718
self‐development526–7
self‐interest260, 273, 320–1, 323, 325, 339
self‐ownership600–1, 683–5
self‐realization804, 806, 810, 816–18
Sen, Amartya421, 463, 615–16, 619–20, 629
Seneca132 n. 7, 135 n. 8, 756
separation of powers269, 277, 523, 693, 696–8
Sermon on the Mount805, 819
Servetus, Michael694
Seven Years War305
Sewell, Wilhelm377
sex, attitudes towards136
sexual contract749
Seyssel, Claude de306
Shang dynasty771
Shankara805
Shaw, George Bernard758
Shelley, Bercy Byshe758
Shi‘ism795
Shklar, Judith54, 428
Sidgwick, Henry416–17, 422, 424, 426, 430, 432
Sieyes, Emmanuel‐Joseph314–16
Simmons, A. John50, 721–2
sin, original195, 229
Singer, Peter430–1, 758–61
skepticism326–7
Skinner, Quentin1 n. 2, 5, 11–22, 36–7, 43, 57, 67–8, 265–6, 268, 270–1, 275, 278–9, 418, 590, 624, 701, 704, 708, 744
slavery105, 117, 637–46
slavery, natural251–2
social contract5, 55, 127 n. 2, 140, 259, 267–8, 270–1, 273, 276–7, 351–3, 459–62, 520, 573–85, 592–3, 715, 718–20, 726, 742, 749, 797
hypothetical720
social democracy see democracy
social insurance667–8, 670
social science436–55
socialism369–93, 395–6, 400–401, 449, 726, 729, 735
anarchist379–82, see also anarchism
concept369–70
democratic665–6
democratic state378–9
Marxist386–9 see also Marxism
romantic372–6
Russian agrarian383–6
utopian371–2, 614
Socinians693–4
sociology439, 443–6, 448–9
sociology of knowledge452
Socrates53, 76, 87–8, 98–100, 126, 521, 713, see also Plato
Soderini, Piero211
sophists77, 91, 99
Sophocles77–8, 82, 704
Sorel, Georges456
Soto, Domingo de246–7, 250, 251 n. 4, 252
(p. 838) sovereignty180–1, 251, 259–64, 267, 270–1, 273–8, 283–5, 287–8, 335–6, 546–7, 549–50, 555, 561–72, 648–9
absolute563, 566
by acquisition718
concept561–4
constrained568–71
external563
heteronomy565, 570
history of564–8
national314
popular239, 267, 551, 563, 567, 577–8, 580, 582
Spain, Civil War735
Spanish Scholastic539
Sparta, ephors233, 577–8, 707
SPCA758
speciesism759
speech‐acts15, 20–1, 57
Spencer, Herbert345, 444, 673–78, 684, 803
Spengler, Otto65
Spinoza, Benedict (Baruch)26, 28, 271–6, 279, 297, 625, 697
spiritualists693
Spooner, Lysander673–4, 678–70, 684
Staël, Germaine de316
Stalin, Joseph51–2, 389, 732
state183, 450, 544–59
concept544–8, 554
idea of228
in Islamic thought795–6
Indian concept812
minimal558, 675, 681, 683–4, 686
nation state650
pre‐modern European553–4
welfare660–72
world502–3
state of nature230, 259, 262, 270, 272–3, 276, 284, 320, 459, 464, 578–9, 581, 717–19
state of nature, Hobbes262–3
state of war276
state system555–7
Steuart, James319
Stewart, Dugald326
Stoicism299, 507, 574, 612, 756–8
Stoics120–41, 151, 351
Stolypin, Peter389
Strauss, Leo5, 24–37, 53–4, 64–5, 68–9, 259, 261, 425, 443, 484
Natural Right and History25, 30, 32
Persecution and the Art of Writing25, 27–30
Straussians see Strauss, Leo
Strayer, J. G.566
Suarez, Francisco246–7, 251, 253, 540, 570–1, 579, 717
Sumner, William Graham61
Sunnis795
swaraj (self‐rule)806, 810, 818
Switzerland240–2
Switzerland, Swiss War241–2
Sydney, Algernon270, 639–40
Sylvester, Pope187
Tacitus291
Tagore, Debendranath804
Tagore, Rabindranath803–9, 812, 815–16, 818–19
Talmon, Jacob457
Tanzimat, reform movement793, 797
Tarcov, Nathan18
Tawney, R, H.621, 668
Taylor, A. J. P.12
Taylor, Charles20, 430, 466, 485, 492, 494, 630
Taylor, Harriet740, 742–3
Téllez, Manuel González540–1
territoriality562
terrorism734
Tertullian143, 145
Thales48
Theodosius, Emperor143, 146
Theophrastus756
Thibaut, A. F. T. 162
Thirty Years War698
Thomasius, Christian351, 541
Thoreau, Henry David50, 805
Thrasymachus101
threats627–8
Thucydides77, 79, 87–90, 517
(p. 839) Tierney, Brian531, 536, 538–9
Titmuss, Richard668
Tocqueville, Alexis de224, 332, 336–7, 340–2, 345–6, 450, 520, 522–4, 526
Tolain, Henri‐Louis380
Toland, John297
toleration468
religious265–6, 268, 270–1, 285, 689–700
Tolstoy, Leo734, 758, 805, 819
Tooke, William309
totalitarianism52, 64–5, 358, 363, 453
tradition773
transaction costs606–7
Trent, Council of247
Tribonian156, 160
Tristan, Flora376
Trotsky, Leon456
Truman, David65
Tuck, Richard18
Tucker, Benjamin680–1
Tully, James20, 67
Turgot, Anne‐Robert‐Jacques442
Twelve Articles238, 241
Twelve Tables156, 160
Tyconius150
tyranny97, 109, 113
tyranny of majority338–9, 343
Ullmann, Walter554
Ulpian191, 286, 534, 554
UN peace‐building operations569
Unitarians693
United Nations503–4
unity, universal human804–5, 810, 814, 817
Universal Declaration of Rights568, 699
universalism491, 495–6
universality530–1
Upanishads810–11
usurpation334–5, 339
utility720
utopia, utopian thinking224–5
Vatican Council, 1870699
Vatican Council, 1965699
Vattel, Emerich de567
vegetarianism756–65
veil of ignorance459, 463, 465–6, 469, 472, 475 see also Rawls, John
Venice285, 590
Véret, Désiree376
Vico, Giambattista156–7, 160–1, 248, 297
Vienna Settlement296
Vindiciae contra tyrannos4, 578, 716
Virgil143–4
Virginia Statute of Religious Freedom698
virtue98–100
civic703
Vishva‐Bharati University805
Vittoria, Francisco246–9, 252–5, 540, 717
Vivekananda, Swami803–4, 806–19
Voegelin, Eric64
Voltaire298, 307, 315, 647, 698
Von Mises, Ludwig674
Wagner, Richard381, 758
Walpole, Horace325
Walwyn, William267–8
Walzer, Michael425–6, 466–7, 586, 621, 773
Wandel, Hans287
war298
Webb. Stephen763
Weber, Max162, 283, 447, 449–51, 456–7, 546, 655, 795
Weldon, T. D.13–14, 458
welfare state55 see also state
Wesley, John758
Westphalia, Peace of563–7, 698
Whitehead, A. N.764
Whitman, James162
William of Orange (William III)304
Williams, Bernard120, 417, 621
Williams, Roger695–6
Willoughby, W. W.62–3
Winch, Peter20
Witherspoon, John61
(p. 840) Wittenberg237–8
Wittgenstein, Ludwig14, 21, 37
Wokler, Robert60
Wolff, Robert Paul561, 721
Wolin, Sheldon65–6, 440, 445, 497, 708
Wollstonecraft, Mary639–40, 741, 743
women, in western political thought737–9, 741, 745, 748
Woodcock, George734
Woolsey, Theodore62
world state see state
Xerxes80
Xia, Yong781–2
Xunzi778–9
Yang Zhu775
Young, Bryan19–20
Young, Iris Marion419, 463, 621
Zakariya, Fuad798–9
Zasulich, Vera385, 386 n. 8
Zedong, Mao409
Zeno of Citium125–6, 129–38
Zeno, Republic127, 129–38
Zhou dynasty771, 773
Zhu‐Xi782
zoning608
Zurich235–6, 238
Zwilling, Gabriel237
Zwingli, Huldrych227–8, 232, 235–8