Abstract and Keywords
This article presents an outline of the global comparative history of archaeological heritage management (AHM), and provides a narrative of the notions that have come together to create the global system of AHM as it is seen today. It also explores the diverse origins of what is now AHM in different countries, under different regimes, and at different times. Although organized roughly chronologically – with the earliest instances of AHM-like practices first – it is more importantly organized thematically to show the different ideologies and contexts within which the idea grew, and some of the historical processes that have contributed to its rise. The inherent ‘nationalism’ of the field is an important element in AHM as it has developed, and derives directly from its diverse historical origins; but it is still a potent force in the way AHM is practised, despite the global acceptance of common practices and principles.
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