- List of Contributors
- List of Abbreviations
- Language and Translation of the Old Testament
- Language, Translation, Versions, and Text of the Apocrypha
- Language and Translation of the New Testament
- Ancient Versions and Textual Transmission of the Old Testament
- Textual Transmission and Versions of the New Testament
- The Growth of the Old Testament
- The Growth of the Apocrypha
- The Growth of the New Testament
- Authors, Books, and Readers in the Ancient World
- Textual Criticism
- Form, Source, and Redaction Criticism
- Rhetorical and New Literary Criticism
- Feminist Criticism and Related Aspects
- Social, Political, and Ideological Criticism
- Old Testament Theology
- New Testament Theology
- Biblical Theology
- The Bible in Ethics
- Jewish Interpretation of the Bible
- Historical Criticism and the Authority of the Bible
- Index of Subjects and Names
- Index of References
Abstract and Keywords
This article discusses the growth of the Old Testament, which presupposes the Israelite-Judaean scribal culture. From it the biblical tradition took over the practices, knowledge, and literary remains of the scribes. At the same time they pioneered with what they took over, or produced independently on the basis of it, a very particular way that was also unique in the whole of the ancient Near East. The genre and the content of the biblical books burst the limits of the usual praxis of the scribes. From the scribes developed the scribal scholars, and from the Israelite-Judaean scribal culture they developed the Jewish tradition in the Old Testament.
Reinhard G. Kratz is Professor of Old Testament at the University of Göttingen.
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