- List of Contributors
- List of Abbreviations
- Language and Translation of the Old Testament
- Language, Translation, Versions, and Text of the Apocrypha
- Language and Translation of the New Testament
- Ancient Versions and Textual Transmission of the Old Testament
- Textual Transmission and Versions of the New Testament
- The Growth of the Old Testament
- The Growth of the Apocrypha
- The Growth of the New Testament
- Authors, Books, and Readers in the Ancient World
- Textual Criticism
- Form, Source, and Redaction Criticism
- Rhetorical and New Literary Criticism
- Feminist Criticism and Related Aspects
- Social, Political, and Ideological Criticism
- Old Testament Theology
- New Testament Theology
- Biblical Theology
- The Bible in Ethics
- Jewish Interpretation of the Bible
- Historical Criticism and the Authority of the Bible
- Index of Subjects and Names
- Index of References
Abstract and Keywords
The meaning of the term ‘Apocrypha’ is ambiguous in both early Christian and modern usage. This article covers the apocryphal and deutero-canonical books included in the NRSV, and the term ‘Apocrypha’ is used with this specific meaning. Reference is also made to the Book of Enoch (1 Enoch) because it, like the Book of Jubilees, is regarded as canonical by the Ethiopian Church. The writings of the Apocrypha have in common the fact that although none belong in the Hebrew Bible, they all, with the exception of 2 Esdras, are included in manuscripts of the Greek Bible.
Michael A. Knibb is Samuel Davidson Professor Emeritus of Old Testament Studies at King's College London.
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