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date: 13 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter, which examines the history of the international environmental movement during the Cold War, analyzes the emergence of and tenuous collaboration between the environmental and anti-nuclear movements. It discusses the early anti-nuclear movement in the 1950s, the emergence of the international environmental movement in the late 1960s, and the environmental controversies in the Soviet Union. The chapter argues that it was the June 1972 United Nations Conference on the Human Environment which marked the official recognition that environmental challenges must be addressed globally.

Keywords: international environmental movement, Cold War, anti-nuclear movements, United States, Soviet Union, Human Environment, environmental challenges

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